CENTER Library - Science Resources

21st Century Skills: Learning for Life in Our Times

Author: Trilling, Bernie
Key Words: 21st-century learning, education, education reform, educational technology, curriculum, pedagogy
Description:

The new building blocks for learning in a complex world: This important resource introduces a framework for 21st Century learning that maps out the skills needed to survive and thrive in a complex and connected world. 21st Century content includes the basic core subjects of reading, writing, and arithmetic-but also emphasizes global awareness, financial/economic literacy, and health issues. The skills fall into three categories: learning and innovations skills; digital literacy skills; and life and career skills. This book is filled with vignettes, international examples, and classroom samples that help illustrate the framework and provide an exciting view of what twenty-first century teaching and learning can achieve.

A vital resource that outlines the skills needed for students to excel in the twenty-first century
  • Explores the three main categories of 21st Century Skills: learning and innovations skills; digital literacy skills; and life and career skills
  • Addresses timely issues such as the rapid advance of technology and increased economic competition
  • Based on a framework developed by the Partnership for 21st Century skills (P21)
  • Includes a DVD with video clips of classroom teaching

For more information on book visit www.21stcenturyskillsbook.com/


 

365 Simple Science Experiments with Everyday Materials

Author: Churchill, E. Richard
Key Words: experiments, activities, lessons
Description: Presents a variety of activities, projects, and experiments that help to illustrate and explain all sorts of scientific principles.
 

Activities Linking Science With Math, 5-8

Author: Eichinger, John
Key Words: Science, pedagogy, lessons, math
Description: Science does not exist in a vacuum and, therefore, shouldn t be taught that way. In that spirit, Activities Linking Science with Mathematics, 5-8 is a hands-on guide for preservice and inservice elementary and middle school teachers who want to connect science instruction with other areas of study including visual arts, social sciences, language arts, and especially math. The 20 discovery-based and academically rigorous activities provided in this volume enrich students awareness of the world around them, encourage their natural curiosity, and promote the development of their problem-solving skills. The lessons such as Studies in Symmetry, The Tower Challenge, and Determining the Size and Shape of the Blind Spot are teacher friendly, too, requiring no advanced expertise in any subject area and using only inexpensive and easily accessible materials. Each includes a list of needed materials, a step-by-step procedure, discussion questions, and assessment techniques. Activities align with the latest national standards for both science and math and cover topics from all scientific disciplines.
 

All About Sleep From A to Zzzz

Author: Scott, Elaine
Key Words: life science, sleep
Description: Science writer Scott, whose previous books include Close Encounters: Exploring the Universe with the Hubble Space Telescope (1998) and Poles Apart: Why Penguins and Polar Bears Will Never Be Neighbors (2004), discusses a familiar yet mysterious experience: sleep. The book covers a range of topics, including circadian rhythms, dreams, and the functions and stages of sleep. Though historical figures such as Aristotle and Freud come up in the discussion, Scott makes clear that scientists today are continually learning more about the nature and significance of sleep. A large, imaginative cartoon-style drawing appears in each of the 10 short chapters, and sidebars discuss related topics briefly. Though the vocabulary may be challenging for younger students (the jacket flap indicates ages 9–11), the text is clearly written and informative. A list of recommended books and Internet sites is appended. The book's droll ink drawings and intriguing jacket illustration will draw readers to this inviting book. Grades 5-8. --Carolyn Phelan
 

Alternative Energy

Author: Petersen, Christine
Key Words: physical science, earth science, life science, technology and engineering, energy; alternative energy;harnessing energy;ES9-12.2, LS9-12.6, PS3-5.5, PS6-8.13, PS9-12.6, PS9-12.8, TS3-5.2
Description: Ideal for today's young investigative reader, each A True Book includes lively sidebars, a glossary and index, plus a comprehensive "To Find Out More" section listing books, organizations, and Internet sites. A staple of library collections since the 1950s, the new A True Book series is the definitive nonfiction series for elementary school readers.
 

At Grandpa's Sugar Bush

Author: Carney, Margaret
Key Words: childrens books, fiction, grandfathers, picture books
Description: From School Library Journal PreSchool-Grade 1?In a clear, simple text, the author tells the story of a young boy and his grandfather enjoying their annual rite of making maple syrup on grandfather's farm in Canada. They drill the holes in the trees, gather the sap in buckets (no plastic tubing here), and cook it over an open fireplace. They enjoy tasting the sap, smelling its sweetness in the air as it cooks, and, finally, pouring the tasty syrup on grandma's pancakes. The realistic, brightly colored oil paintings glow with the beauty of the woods in early spring, and with the pleasure these two share in being together. The illustrations follow the process of making the syrup as it is described in the narrative, making it accessible to young children. This book is similar to Jessie Haas's Sugaring (Greenwillow, 1996). Together or separately, these books describe well a beloved family tradition in northern rural life.?Virginia Golodetz, Children's Literature New England, Burlington, VT Copyright 1998 Reed Business Information, Inc. --This text refers to an out of print or unavailable edition of this title. From Booklist Ages 3^-8. A young boy on his spring vacation travels to his grandparents' Ontario farm to help with sugaring season. Naturalist Carney details the wildlife found in the maple forest (including foxes, weasels, and pileated woodpeckers) and describes the steps involved in making maple syrup. Although the process takes many arduous hours over several days, the end result--fresh maple syrup on pancakes--is well worth the wait. Wilson's oil paintings convey the natural beauty of the sugar bush and emphasize the camaraderie between the boy and his grandfather during the details of sugaring. Similar to Jessie Haas' Sugaring (1996), this will be a useful addition to spring story hours. Listeners who want more specifics about the process may prefer Diane Burns' Sugaring Season (1990). Kay Weisman --This text refers to an out of print or unavailable edition of this title.
 

Atlas of Science Literacy: Project 2061

Author: AAAS Press
Key Words: pedagogy, curriculum mapping, curriculum development, science content
Description: An oversized book with ambitious goals: That's the Atlas of Science Literacy. Asking-then answering-such vital questions as: - What should students learn? - When should they learn it and in what order? - How does each strand of knowledge connect to other vital threads? This new educational tool from AAAS's Project 2061 graphically depicts connections among the learning goals established in Benchmarks for Science Literacy and Science for all Americans. The Atlas is a collection of 50 linked maps that show exactly how students from kindergarten through 12th grade can expand their understanding and skills toward specific science-literacy goals. But the maps don't just show the sequence of Benchmark ideas that lead to a goal. They also show the connections across different areas of mathematics, technology, and science - including gravity, evolution and natural selection, the structure of matter, and the flow of matter ands energy in ecosystems.
 

The Barn Owl

Author: Tagholm, Sally
Key Words: science
Description: Also known as the screech or monkey-faced owl, the barn owl, which is actually found around the world, is introduced in this volume in the Animal Lives series. Tagholm's clear text is presented in two unequal parts. The first and longest tells the story of a year in the life of a male barn owl as he searches for food and a mate, takes care of the mate and their owlets, and watches the fledglings leave the nest. The second part presents quick facts, including some conservation information about the diminishing numbers of barn owls. Children who already know about owls and their habits may wonder why vole and shrew are not included in the glossary, but Kitchen's appealing illustrations, which are splendid, more than compensate for the minor weakness. Resources where additional information can be obtained (including e-mail addresses) are appended. Karen Morgan
 

The Barn Owls

Author: Ray, Deborah Kogan
Key Words: Life science, owls, food chain, predators
Description: PreSchool-Grade 4-Johnston has created a tribute to the common barn owl. Her creatures doze "in the scent of wheat" and leave "the barn through a bale of light." Golden wheat tones suffuse Ray's watercolor-pencil and paint art. Author and illustrator run lyrical, but they don't lose sight of the bird's daily bread-the mouse. The center spread wordlessly depicts an owl aloft, a mouse dangling lifelessly from its beak, wings cutting through a dark night lit only with the merest sliver of moon. Elsewhere, as grown owls bring the newest offering to their loft-bound babies, sharp eyes will pick out the skeletal remains of previous meals. None of this is gory, just matter-of-fact: "Owls have hunted in this place, mice have hidden in this wheat one hundred years at least." The poetry and paintings will make children want to learn more about these mysterious creatures. No humans intrude on this venture into barn owl life and the species is different, but the book is a natural lead in to Jane Yolen's Owl Moon (Philomel, 1987).
 

Benchmarks for Science Literacy

Author: American Association for the Advancement of Sciences
Key Words: assessment, curriculum design, pedagogy
Description:
 

Beyond Jupiter: The Story of Planetary Astronomer Heidi Hammel

Author: Bortz, Fred
Key Words: science education women astronomy scientists biography, women scientists
Description: Editorial Reviews From School Library Journal Grade 6-10-Engaging career biographies of contemporary scientists. Each volume offers a background profile of the woman, including her childhood interests. The sections about their early lives will pull readers into the books and help them related to these budding scientists. Once the biographical information is laid out, the individuals career arcs are profiled. For example, France is active with the Disaster Mortuary Operational Response Teams (DMORT) that helped excavate the 9/11 rubble. The books are well written and punctuated with full-color photographs from the womens personal albums, showing their honors and awards as well as their growing-up stages. Illustrations also include scientific diagrams and charts related to their research. As these women are currently on the job, their historical impact is not yet known. However, the fine writing and inspiring work of the scientists will reward those students who choose to read these books.-Cass Kvenild, University of Wyoming, Laramie Copyright © Reed Business Information, a division of Reed Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved. --This text refers to the Library Binding edition. Product Description Heidi Hammel is an out-of-this world explorer. With her feet planted firmly on Earth, she takes trips millions of miles out into space. How does she do this? Heidi Hammel is a planetary astronomer, a scientist who uses the world's most powerful telescopes to learn about planets. By making remarkable discoveries in the furthest reaches of our solar system, Heidi also helps us better understand the planet we call home. The giant planets Neptune and Uranus are Heidi's specialties. She was on the team that first spotted Neptune's Great Dark Spot, a raging storm as big as Earth. Heidi also led a team of astronomers tracking the Great Comet Crash, a spectacular event in which a fragmented comet pounded Jupiter for an entire week. There's no telling what Heidi will find when she peers into a telescope. That's what makes her work exciting. Beyond Jupiter is the fascinating story of a scientist and her science. To tell this true tale of adventure, author Fred Bortz drew on firsthand accounts from Heidi and her friends, family, and colleagues. How did a down-to-earth girl grow up to be one of the world's most highly respected astronomers? The life story of Heidi Hammel will intrigue and inspire readers of all ages.
 

Black Stars: African American Women Scientists and Inventors

Author: Sullivan, Otha Richard
Key Words: physical science, technology and engineering, african-american studies, black inventors, women in science, history of science and technology
Description: This companion to Sullivan's African American Inventors (Wiley, 1998) profiles 26 women, beginning with Ellen F. Eglin, who was born in 1849 and invented a clothes-wringer, and concluding with Chavonda J. Jacobs Young, who was born in 1967 and has been a research scientist and professor. There is some crossover between the two titles. The introduction discusses the lack of information on the contributions of African-American women and the historical reasons for it. Each brief biography describes the subject's background and achievements, and, in some cases, the obstacles that she had to overcome. Coverage ranges from well-known individuals, such as Madame C. J. Walker, to the lesser known, such as Miriam E. Benjamin, who patented a gong-and-signal chair that was used in the U.S. House of Representatives. When available, black-and-white pictures have been included, as well as photographs and or drawings of certain inventions. This much-needed book is a fine supplement to units on inventors and inventions, and would be useful in multicultural studies. Grade 7-10
 

Bone Detective: The Story of Forensic Anthropologist Diane France

Author: Hopping, Lorraine Jean
Key Words: forensic science, scientists, women scientists
Description: Editorial Reviews From Booklist Gr. 7-10. This unusually personal biography in the Women's Adventures in Science series introduces the life and work of a contemporary forensic anthropologist, from her rural childhood to her work identifying the victims of the 9/11 tragedies. Chapters, illustrated with sporadic color and black-and-white photographs, strike an uneven tone. Some anecdotes seem unnecessarily detailed for this age group (a conversation between France and her husband as they decide to split up), while the sometimes bubbly tone ("What a hoot!") and cheeky chapter headings ("The Nose Knows") seem at odds with the often somber subject matter. Still, the extensive detail gives readers a vivid sense of the daily work of a "bone detective," and clear explanations of the science will intrigue and inspire readers. Report writers may be frustrated by the sometimes rambling text, but the relationship to CSI subject matter ensure plenty of browsing interest. An appended list of further resources includes a publisher's Web site that leads to more information. Gillian Engberg Copyright © American Library Association. All rights reserved --This text refers to the Library Binding edition. Product Description Diane France loves bones. Why? Because they talk to her. Every skeleton she meets whispers secrets about the life-and death-of its owner. Diane can hear those secrets because she's a forensic anthropologist, a bone detective. She has the science skills and know-how to examine bones for clues to a mystery: Who was this person and how did he or she die? Bones tell Diane about the life and times of famous people in history, from a Russian royal family to American outlaws and war heroes. They speak to her about murders, mass disasters, and fatal accidents. One day she's collecting skeletal evidence at a crime scene. A phone call later she's jetting to the site of a plane crash or other unexpected tragedy to identify victims. Bone Detective is the thrilling story of a scientist and her science. To tell this true tale of adventure, author Lorraine Jean Hopping drew on firsthand accounts from Diane and her friends, family, and colleagues. How did a small-town girl full of curiosity and mischief become a world-famous bone detective? The life story of Diane France will intrigue and inspire readers of all ages.
 

Bone Sharps, Cowboys, and Thunder Lizards: A Tale of Edward Drinker Cope, Othniel Charles Marsh, and the Gilded Age of Paleontology

Author: Petosky, Jim Ottaviani; Zander Cannon; Kevin Cannon; Shad
Key Words: paleontology
Description: Editorial Reviews From Publishers Weekly Starred Review. Ottaviani has been writing historical graphic novels about scientists for years, but he's outdone himself with this delightful and fascinating account of the late-19th-century struggle between two scientists over fossilized dinosaur bones in the American West. Scheming paleontologist Marsh is more or less the villain of the piece, and his scrappy, doomed rival, Cope, is something like a hero, but Ottaviani paints rich, complicated portraits of both and milks their skullduggery for an exciting, fast-paced story. The rollicking narrative includes guest appearances by historical personages who got mixed up in the dispute--everyone from President Ulysses S. Grant to P.T. Barnum--as well as a subplot involving a hugely popular dinosaur artist, Charles R. Knight. The artwork by the Big Time Attic collective (Zander Cannon, Shad Petosky and Kevin Cannon) is cartoony and whimsical but meticulous when the historical record calls for it. As a bonus, a "Fact or Fiction?" section at the end of the book painstakingly details where Ottaviani has fudged history for a livelier narrative, and where his details are bizarre but true. (Oct.) Copyright © Reed Business Information, a division of Reed Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved. Product Description The Wild West provided the setting for some famous battles, but the gunfight at O.K. Corral doesn't hold a candle to the Bone Wars. Following the Civil War, the (Re-)United States turned its attention to the unexplored territories between the Mississippi and the Pacific. The railroads led the way, and to build them we blasted through mountains and leveled valleys and exposed rock that hadn't seen the light of day for millions of years. This is the story of Edward Drinker Cope and Othniel Charles Marsh, two scientists who found and fought for those bones, and the artist Charles R. Knight who almost single-handedly brought dinosaurs back to life for an awestruck public. Guest starring Chief Red Cloud and hundreds of his Indian Braves, the gun-totin' and gamblin' Professor John Bell Hatcher, colossal and stupefying Dinosauria of the New World, and featuring special appearances by The Cardiff Giant, P.T. Barnum, Buffalo Bill Cody, Ulysses S. Grant, Alexander Graham Bell, and a plentiful supporting cast of Rogues and Gallants from the Eastern Scientific Establishment and The Old West, the colorful supporting cast makes for a rich blend of history, adventure, science, and art.
 

The Boy Who Drew Birds: A Story of John James Audubon (Outstanding Science Trade Books for Students K-12

Author: Davies, Jacqueline
Key Words: birds, Audubon,ornathology,
Description: The story opens with 18-year-old French naturalist John James Audubon roaming Pennsylvania countryside in search of birds. In an effort to determine whether individual birds return to the same nests in the spring, he uses silver thread to band some fledgling peewee flycatchers. He observes them as they grow through the summer, leave for the winter, and return the following year. An appended historical note explains that Audubon was the first person in North America to band a bird and that Audubon became "the greatest painter of birds of all time," while a source note details which parts of the story are based on speculation, and an illustrator's note comments on research, inspiration, and technique. Sweet's mixed-media collage artwork includes sensitive pencil sketches and ink drawings washed with watercolors and gouache, as well as elements such as photos of bird nests and bones. A good companion to Jennifer Armstrong's picture-book biography Audubon (2003), which relates several incidents in the painter's later life, this handsome book makes a beguiling introduction to the painter. Gr. 2-4.
 

The Boy Who Harnessed the Wind

Author: Kamkwamba, William
Key Words: technology and engineering, physcial science, energy, alternative energy, Africa
Description: William Kamkwamba, the youthful author of this book, was born in Malawi, an African nation best known for its harrowing poverty, its AIDS epidemic, and its long-term food crisis. In 2001, William was just 14 years old when the country was struck by the greatest famine within memory. With his family now too poor to pay his $80-a-year tuition, this eager learner was forced to leave school. Against those staggering odds, he continued to read, learn, and experiment. Inspired by a few old school textbooks, he devised a primitive working windmill, cobbled together from bicycle parts, blue-gum trees, and other makeshift scraps. With his homemade invention, he gave his family and himself electricity and a new start. Inspiring and refreshing as the wind.
 

A Break in the Chain

Author: Carey, Joanna (Illustrator)
Key Words: fantasy, greek gods, greek mythology, mythology, young adult fantasy
Description: A terrible oil spill in the Arctic, a lesson about food chains, and a new CD-ROM game featuring a polar bear called Lorel turn into a magical adventure for Billy. So, with the help of Lorel and the new school computer, Billy's class decide to do their bit to save the animals in the Arctic.
 

Butternut Hollow Pond

Author: Marstall, Bob (Illustrator)
Key Words: educational, kids, biology, nonfiction, science, water
Description: It's daybreak at Butternut Hollow Pond. It looks peaceful, but there is much going on. Bluegills dart out to feed on insects; a dragonfly snaps up mosquitoes, and then is snapped up himself by a tree swallow. At midmorning, five mallard ducklings narrowly escape the powerful jaws of a snapping turtle; a woodchuck also has luck on his side, when he scampers into his burrow just ahead of a marsh hawk. Sunset finds a largemouth bass on the end of a hook as a young boy reels him in from his canoe. Nighttime is the busiest of all; bats and nighthawks feast on bugs, crayfish search for night crawlers, and raccoons look for crayfish. Two concepts are beautifully demonstrated in this picture book for older readers: the hunter invariably becomes the hunted, and all living things are players in a complex cycle of interdependence that is much more than a simple food chain. Heinz fills this nature drama with action and sensory-loaded language that pulls children in as no science textbook can, and Marstall's realistic watercolor illustrations offer a lovely window to observe the diverse ecosystem. An excellent resource for the science curriculum. Gr. 2-4, younger for reading aloud.
 

Car Science

Author: Hammond, Richard
Key Words: Physical Science, technnology and engineering, cars, automobiles
Description: Car Science is an intuitive and user-friendly children's science book based on a topic dear to children's hearts: cars. In four sections, the book includes: a timeline of automotive invention; a "how it works" guide to modern cars, with exploded diagrams, cutaways, and computer graphics; key physics concepts, all relating to cars and how they run; and a look into the future of cars, including eco-friendly concept cars.
 

Cars of Tomorrow and the American Community, Copy 1

Author: NESEA
Key Words: technology and engineering, sustainable energy
Description:
 

Climate Change

Author: Woodward, John
Key Words: earth science, life science, Climate change;adaptation;evolution;ecology;weather;heat transfer;carbon cycle
Description: The most trusted nonfiction series on the market, Eyewitness Books provide an in-depth, comprehensive look at their subjects with a unique integration of words and pictures. An in-depth look at the phenomenon of global warming--what's causing it, what it might lead to, and what we can do to fight back.
 

Common Ground: The Water, Earth, And Air We Share

Author: Bang, Molly (Illustrator)
Key Words: air, conservation, earth
Description: Grade 3-7. Bang's small picture book is both simple and ambitious as it presents first a parable and then a string of analogies to raise awareness and provoke thought about the consequences of overusing natural resources. The opening story tells how the green common of a long-ago village quickly becomes overcrowded when too many sheep are sent to graze. Some people decide to stay and work out a plan, but others leave for greener pastures. Bang's paintings employ strong patterns and shades of color, clustering small, crudely sketched figures in naive perspective as the author explains how people today resemble the villagers in using up what they have. "Now our commons are our parks, reserves, and natural resources, and the waters and air of the whole world." She depicts fishermen catching as many fish as possible; lumber companies cutting trees; other companies and individuals using oil and gas and coal; and notes that we all "pump as much of our common water as we can." In each instance there is a short-term benefit and a long-term problem. It's a somber lesson: "One by one, we are destroying the natural resources that sustain our lives." Some scenes suffer from crammed design elements, but others readily command attention. The concluding pronouncement that "now we don't have anyplace else to go" should effectively spark discussion, individual research, and classroom projects.?Margaret Bush, Simmons College, Boston Copyright 1997 Reed Business Information, Inc.
 

Compost: The Natural Way to Make Food for Your Garden

Author: Thompson, Kenneth
Key Words: life science, earth science, compost; soil, ecology; decomposers
Description: 'Compost-making doesn't need to be hard work, costs almost nothing, and the only secret ingredient you need is patience' - Ken Thompson. Making compost isn't just simple and satisfying, it will save you spending money on expensive soil conditioners and mulches. There's no need for fancy gadgets. Discover how to build a simple bin, find the best tools for the job, and learn what type of mix is perfect for the size of your garden. From what's hot to rot, to bins and wormeries, discover how to transform your refuse into fertiliser that'll keep your flowers and plants blooming.

About the Author - Ken Thompson is a plant ecologist and senior lecturer at the University of Sheffield. He writes regularly for gardening magazines, promoting the science behind gardening to the general reader. His previous books include An Ear to The Ground and No Nettles Required.


 

Cool Stuff Exploded

Author: Woodford, Chris
Key Words: technology and engineering;alternative technology;transportation;energy technology;power technology;physical science
Description: The third installment of our visually stunning and incredibly successful Cool Stuff series will blow your mind. This super cool technology book deconstructs-or literally explodes-everyday objects so readers can see exactly how they work. Beautifully photographed spreads show a piece-by-piece breakdown of cell phones, computers, cars, and more, detailing how each part works and how they all fit together as a whole. This unique look at the items we use every day brings science, technology, and wonder to the fore, giving us all a great appreciation for how our twenty-first-century world works. Set into the cover is a CD-ROM containing animations of the "exploded" views featured in the book.
 

Cracking Up: A Story About Erosion

Author: Bailey
Key Words: child geology, erosion
Description: Product Description Describes the process of erosion and how water, ice, wind, and sun wear away at Earth's surface. A
 

Decay and Renewal

Author: Trautmann, Nancy M.
Key Words: Decay, Renewal, Inquiry
Description: Editorial Reviews Product Description Are you looking for a new way to teach about respiration, nutrient cycling, energy flow, producers, consumers, and decomposers? Decay and Renewal provides techniques for students to learn the basics while investigating the science behind biodegradation—in nature and in human-engineered systems for wastewater treatment, waste disposal, and bioremediation of oil spills and other contaminated sites. The Teacher Edition explains how to guide student research and engineering design projects. Classroom-ready materials include detailed background information, sample assessment tasks, and rubrics, and guidelines for integrating peer review into classroom science. The Teacher Edition contains the complete text of the Student Edition. The Student Edition includes: • An overview of basic principles of biodegradation and how they apply in composting, landfills, wastewater treatment, and bioremediation systems. • Protocols that provide instructions for conducting experiments on biological, chemical, and physical aspects of biodegradation. • Forms to guide students through each step of research, providing structure but flexibility in designing and conducting meaningful experiments. • Step-by-Step guidelines for an engineering design challenge related to treatment of simulated wastewater. Decay and Renewal is the third volume in the four-part Cornell Scientific Inquiry Series, designed to guide students in creating and conducting experiments, presenting their results, and exchanging feedback with their peers. --This text refers to the Kindle Edition edition.
 

Designing Effective Science Instruction: What Works in Science Classrooms

Author: Tweed, Anne
Key Words: pedagogy, Curriculum planning
Description: Science teachers, like all teachers, start each school year with high hopes and expectations for students to succeed. They plan their lessons, scramble to get the necessary equipment, and work hard to engage their students. However, despite good intentions and best-laid plans, not all students do well in science classes, and even fewer achieve mastery. We see the effects of this all around us. Student performance on national and international assessments, including science assessments, is poor. More and more adults are unable to understand the scientific issues that affect their lives and society. The media reports that national economic competitiveness is at stake. It s clear that something must be done now to help science teachers put power behind their hopes and expectations for student achievement. Designing Effective Science Instruction: What Works in Science Classrooms is meant to help teachers focus on what can and must be done. It draws upon recent research in science education, most notably a well-designed study of science classrooms which sheds light on possible reasons for poor student performance in science (Weiss et al. 2003; Banilower et al. 2008). This research study and subsequent report on effective science instruction revealed that, in a national sample of science classrooms, about two-thirds of science lessons observed were of low quality. In other words, too many science students sit passively, never being asked to make sense of the content that teachers deliver. Too many science activities masquerade as science lessons and fail to develop students understanding of science concepts. Too many teachers lower their expectations and avoid teaching a rigorous science curriculum. The pressure teachers feel to meet student achievement goals is immense. With emerging research findings about how students learn and how to teach effectively, guidance for teachers is available
 

Dirt: The Ecstatic Skin of the Earth

Author: Logan, William Bryant
Key Words: soil, erosion, climate change, soil science, dirt
Description: From Publishers Weekly In these brief, elegant essays, the author raises the concept of dirt to new levels. Logan, a monthly columnist for the New York Times, looks at soil formation and development. His topics range from quarries and the foundations of cathedrals to graveyards and earthworms, from husbandry in ancient Rome to composting in Florida. Logan pays tribute to the dung beetle as a symbol of renewal; he notes that dirt is the source of many drugs that work against infectious diseases (penicillin, streptomycin). He discusses the many forms of clay and the agricultural practices of John Adams, Thomas Jefferson and the Iroquois. Dirt is a natural history of the soil and our connection with it. Copyright 1995 Reed Business Information, Inc. --This text refers to the Hardcover edition.
 

The Disappearing Island

Author: Demas, Corinne
Key Words: earth science, Cape Cod, erosion, climate change
Description: To celebrate her ninth birthday, Carrie's grandmother takes her on a boat ride to Billingsgate Island off Cape Cod, a tantalizingly mysterious real-life spot that has eroded over the years to just a sandbar that appears and disappears with the tide. There, they settle in for a picnic lunch and some beachcombing, while Grandma recounts some of the island's history. They find the remains of an old lighthouse, and later, while resting in the sun, Carrie imagines visiting the island a century ago, when it was home to a thriving community. Demas invests her finely etched blend of realism and fantasy with supple imageryAa "strange rusty creature that looked like the backbone of a whale" turns out to be a metal spiral staircase from a defunct lighthouse; the tide "claim[s] the edges of the beach." Working in his customary watercolors, Lewin (previously paired with Demas for Matthew's Meadow) conjures land- and seascapes bathed in dazzling summer light. From the vigor of the boat ride to Carrie's waking dream, rendered in a beachy, pale orange wash that gives it visual distinction, Lewin is wholly in control of his medium. Ages 5-8. ES3-5, ES6-8, LS3-5, LS6-8
 

Dr Xargle's Book of Earthlets

Author: Willis, Jeanne
Key Words: childrens books, fiction, humor
Description: This humorous story tells how Dr Xargle instructs his class of aliens on the appearance and habits of "Earthlets" (human babies) before embarking on a field trip to Earth. Bath-time, feeding, and changing nappies are all given a new slant by this alien guide to human behavior.
 

Dr. Frankenstein's Human Body Book

Author: Walker, Richard
Key Words: life science, biology, anatomy
Description: Talk about mad genius--from conception to execution, padded red cover with 3-D effect to the up-close-and-personal images inside, this anatomy book is as engrossing as any science fiction. Dr. Frankenstein, shown in a sepia photograph standing in a laboratory, gazing at a skull he holds in one hand, invites readers to join him as he creates a human being (Don't look so startled, he chides the meek). From there it's on to atoms and the skeletal system, tissues and organs, and so on, presented on visually rich spreads. The story line is sustained with brief, pun-happy journal entries (Day 11 [on eyes]: Assistant has seen the light), and the theme reinforced with remarkable design. Gothic fonts and engraved illustrations and vignettes (in red and black and also hand-colored) blend with state-of-the-art images from MEG scans, gamma scans and other advanced technology. Clear explanations broken into easily assimilable captions and text blocks encourage the reader. The only flaw: the subject most likely to interest the target group, the reproductive system, receives such timid mention as to be almost nonsensical (Male and female reproductive systems differ in structure, but both are involved in producing special cells that join up to make babies). Ages 10–up. LS9-12.4
 

Driving Force: The Natural Magic of Magnets

Author: Livingston, James D.
Key Words: Physical Science, energy, technology and engineering, magnets, electricity, earth science
Description: Magnets and magnetism are seldom thought about, but their quiet contribution to our lives in appliance motors, VCRs, cars, and medical equipment is truly astounding. Livingston, currently at MIT and previously a physicist in materials development at General Electric, deftly explains the uses of magnets, the properties of magnetism, and how modern materials science uses both. Writing succinctly and enthusiastically, he probes a varied list of subjects (geoscience, motors, biomagnetism, magic tricks and toys, trains, superconductors, etc.), with history and definitions included. Informative, well laid out, and enjoyable, this is highly recommended for all collections.?Michael David Cramer, Virginia Polytechnic & State Univ. Libs., Blacksburg (ES6-8.2, ES6-8.8, ES9-12.1, PS3-5.8, PS3-5.9, PS3-5.10, PS9-12.3)
 

A Drop Around the World

Author: McKinney, Barbara
Key Words: Earth science, ecology, water cycle;ES3-5.10
Description: A drop of rain is a drop of life--a drop of eternity. Barbara Shaw McKinney and illustrator Michael Maydak take us on an "out of sight" journey from Maine to Mumbai, with just one raindrop as it touches plant, animal, and human life all around the world. Traveling with Drop, readers will see the world, inside and out, from solid, liquid, and vaporous viewpoint. Full color. PreK-3
 

A Drop Of Water

Author: Wick, Walter
Key Words: life science, earth science, fluid dynamics, physical science;ES3-5.7, PS3-5.2, PS3-5.3, PS6-8.15, PS9-12.4
Description: Wick's striking color photographs of water in various states and stages of movement capture moments of change in beautiful patterns that cannot be observed without the advantages of stop action and magnification. These pictures present water drops; soap bubbles; water condensing and evaporating; snowflakes, frost, and dew; and water as a prism. The paragraphs of text that accompany the images read like extended captions; they describe what is being pictured and briefly comment on the phenomenon taking place. A set of short directions for doing the observations and experiments included appears at the end. The photographs are the outstanding feature here; they do stimulate wonder. Perhaps the book succeeds more as an exploration of their use to enhance scientific observation than as a description of the characteristics of water. Wick clearly shows that science and art both offer ways to observe the world around us. However, the visuals may stimulate a level of curiosity that will not be satisfied by the brief text - something that makes the lack of a list for further reading a drawback. Grade 3-6.
 

Earth

Author: Luhr, James F. (Editor)
Key Words: educational, earth science, animal reference, geology, science book
Description: Visually spectacular, this standout guide to our planet offers a thorough look at the Earth's physical dynamics. Divided into five major sections-Planet Earth, Land, Ocean, Atmosphere and Tectonic Earth-the book explores the planet's environment, weather systems and general physical makeup. The large-format volume begins with the Earth's history and anatomy, featuring pages of stunning photos (one image shows a river of red-hot lava running into the sea), comprehensive layouts and excellent diagrams (e.g., a cut-out of the Earth's structure, from inner core to the chemical composition of its atmosphere). A chapter on rocks explains the many various types of metamorphic and sedentary stones, for instance, while a chapter on rivers and lakes showcases beautiful photos of the endless Amazon, with smaller sidebar photos of the animals that live in the tropics and color-coded maps of the region. Pretty enough to serve as a coffee table book, this volume also contains a tremendous amount of absorbing information.
 

The Earth Science Book: Activities for Kids

Author: Zike, Dinah
Key Words: Earth science activities
Description: Grade 3-6-- Basic Earth-science concepts and related environmental issues are presented in an inviting format. Each chapter is introduced by a black-and-white photograph and a one-page overview. All are organized as a series of one-to-three-page topics. Over 200 line drawings and diagrams clarify and extend the information presented in the simple, precise text. Terms defined in the glossary appear in bold type. There is at least one hands-on activity for each topic. These easy-to-do projects require simple, readily available materials. Other features include: "Word Watch," which gives the origin and definition of key words; "Famous Faces," brief biographical sketches of contributors to the field of Earth science; and "Find It," related learning activities that do not involve experimentation. The last chapter includes a one-page list of organizations to contact for further information on becoming "environmentally wise." The only thing that is missing is a bibliography or list of further reading. This is a book that children will pick up and dip into on their own. Amateur scientists will love it, and teachers will find useful, educational, and entertaining ways to involve the whole class.
 

Earth Science Success: 50 Lesson Plans for Grades 6-9

Author: Oates-Bockenstedt, Catherine
Key Words: Earth sciences
Description: Designed as a ready-to-use survival guide for middle school Earth science teachers, this title is an invaluable resource that provides an entire year s worth of inquiry-based and discovery-oriented Earth science lessons, including 33 investigations or labs, and 17 detailed projects. This unique collection of astronomy, geology, meteorology, and physical oceanography lessons promotes deeper understanding of science concepts through a hands-on approach that identifies and dispels student misconceptions and expands student understanding and knowledge. In addition, this field-tested and standards-based volume is ideal for university-level methodology courses in science education.
 

Eggs

Author: Singer, Marilyn
Key Words: life science, eggs; adaptations; ecology; ecosystems; food chain
Description: Explains the varieties, functions, and characteristics of the eggs of a multitude of creatures, including insects, birds, and reptiles. (PreK-3, LS3-5.3, LS3-5.5, LS3-5.6, LS3-5.7, LS3-5.8, LS3-5.10, LS6-8.13)
 

Energies: An Illustrated Guide to the Biosphere and Civilization

Author: Smil, Vaclav
Key Words: earth science, energy resources, technology and engineering, physical science
Description: The energy of solar radiation reaching the earth clocks in at 5,500,000 exajoules, an exajoule being one watt per second taken to 10 to the 18th power. The energy used to strike a typewriter key is 20 millijoules, a millijoule being one watt per second taken to 10 to the negative 3rd power; that keyboard-striking energy is a full order of magnitude larger than the energy a flea expends in hopping from one spot to another. Such is the sort of information that geographer Vaclav Smil delights in presenting in his endlessly interesting handbook of the various energy technologies of nature and culture. "Energy is the only universal currency," Smil writes, but, he notes, it is little understood. Beginning with a grand tour of the solar system and the terrestrial biosphere, and taking into account such matters as the movement and latent heat of waves, Smil moves on to consider the energy of natural food chains, the efficiency of human growth, the energy requirements of agriculture, and the terrible force of modern weapons, among hundreds of other subjects. His heavily illustrated book is one of a kind, and it makes for both entertaining bedside reading and a highly useful reference. --Gregory McNamee
 

Energy

Author: Robertson, William C.
Key Words: physical science, technolog and engineering, energy
Description: Confounded by kinetic energy? Suspect that teaching about simple machines isn t really so simple? Exasperated by electricity? If you fear the study of energy is beyond you, this entertaining book will do more than introduce you to the topic. It will help you actually understand it. At the book s heart are easy-to-grasp explanations of energy basics work, kinetic energy, potential energy, and the transformation of energy and energy as it relates to simple machines, heat energy, temperature, and heat transfer. Irreverent author Bill Robertson suggests activities that bring the basic concepts of energy to life with common household objects. Each chapter ends with a summary and an applications section that uses practical examples such as roller coasters and home heating systems to explain energy transformations and convection cells. The final chapter brings together key concepts in an easy-to-grasp explanation of how electricity is generated. Energy is the second book in the Stop Faking It! series published by NSTA Press. Titles in the series are written with clarity, creative flair, and special empathy for science teachers and parents in search of a stress-free way to learn the basics. (ES3-5.8, ES6-8.3, ES6-8.4, ES9-12.1, ES9-12.2, PS3-5.4, PS3-5.6, PS3-5.7, PS6-8.13, PS6-8.14, PS9-12.6)
 

Energy

Author: Woodford, Chris
Key Words: physical science, technology and engineering, nuclear energy
Description: DK covers new ground with this series of unrivaled family reference titles. With full-color photographs and a fresh new look at favorite subjects, these remarkable books uncover the real story behind the natural phenomena that shape the world around us. See for Yourself: Energy explores everything from propulsion and meteors to the destructive forces of volcanoes and forest fires.

Woodford covers just about everything middle-graders might want to know about energy in this offering from the See for Yourself series. He defines energy, giving examples of both potential and kinetic forms; explains how energy is released and travels; and provides detailed discussions of many energy sources. Chapters are composed of heavily illustrated double-page spreads that offer a main text and several sidebar comments. Most illustrations are full-color photographs, but captioned diagrams (particularly the excellent, four-page centerfold explaining the energy cycle) offer much detail for readers to ponder. Several of the later chapters address energy usage by humans, comparing individual countries' consumption of energy to their production of it, and suggest ways of combating global warming. Capped with facts and figures, a time line, and a glossary, this will be welcomed by debaters, report writers, and browsers. A worthwhile addition to most collections. Kay Weisman


 

Energy: 25 Projects Investigate Why We Need Power & How We Get It

Author: Reilly, Kathleen M.
Key Words: physical science, life science, earth science, technology and engineering, energy, alternative energy sources, ecology
Description: Giving kids a hands-on opportunity to see energy in action, these 25 projects are an exciting introduction to the ways this hot topic affects both world politics and everyday lives. Packed with information about what energy really is, where it comes from, and its alternative sources, the projects range from a steam-powered boat and a solar-powered water heater to an electric burglar alarm and a geothermal geyser. The tough topics of energy shortages are covered with enthusiasm in a lively discussion so kids can make educated, positive changes for their future.
 

Energy: A Beginner's Guide

Author: Smil, Vaclav
Key Words: Physical science, force, energy, technology and engineering, earth science, life science
Description: In this user-friendly and informative book, prolific author and academic Vaclav Smil provides an introduction to this far-reaching term and gives the reader a greater understanding of energy's place in both past and present society. Starting with an explanation of the concept, he goes on to cover such exciting topics as the inner workings of the human body, and the race for more efficient and environmentally friendly fuels. Whether you're after insight or dinner table conversation, Energy: A Beginner's Guide will amaze and inform, uncovering the science behind one of the most important concepts in our universe.
 

Erosion

Author: Castleman, Virginia
Key Words: Earth Science, erosion, weathering
Description: Earth is changing every day as a result of erosion, and weather plays a major part. (ES3-5.4, ES3-512, ES6-8.6, ES9-12.3)
 

Even More Everyday Science Mysteries: Stories for Inquiry-Based Science Teaching

Author: Konicek-Moran, Richard
Key Words: pedagogy, inquiry, stories in science
Description: Even More Everyday Science Mysteries What are the odds of a meteor hitting your house? What are warm clothes anyway? Do you get more sunlight from Daylight Saving Time? Everyone loves a good mystery and these unfold in the 15 stories presented in Even More Everyday Science Mysteries, the third volume in author Richard Konicek-Moran s award-winning series. Again, the author uses stories without endings to teach a science principle, allowing the students to investigate how each story can be resolved. All the stories relate to the world around us and encourage students to take ownership of their learning. In Here s the Crusher, family members ponder what could have crushed a plastic soda bottle sitting on a table. By exploring each family member s idea, common misconceptions are uncovered and discussed. In Florida Cars? Amber seeks out the causes of rust on cars from Florida. She experiments with nails to try to discover what ingredients produce rust. Your students will tackle Amber s problem and reach their own conclusions. Science topics explored include evaporation, erosion, thermal energy, atmospheric pressure, buoyancy, and density.
 

Experiments With Energy

Author: Tocci, Salvatore
Key Words: physical science, earth science, energy, technology and engineering
Description: Ideal for today's young investigative reader, each A True Book includes lively sidebars, a glossary and index, plus a comprehensive "To Find Out More" section listing books, organizations, and Internet sites. A staple of library collections since the 1950s, the new A True Book series is the definitive nonfiction series for elementary school readers. (ES9-12.2, LS9-12.6, PS3-5.5, PS6-8.13, PS9-12.6, PS9-12.8, TS3-5.2)
 

Exploring Ecosystems with Max Axiom, Super Scientist

Author: Biskup, Agniesezka
Key Words: ecosystems
Description: Did you know that without decomposers and scavengers, the world would be full of the remains of dead plants and animals? As nature s recyclers, decomposers are a necessary part of a ecosystem. I just love reviewing books from the Graphic Library series, because I learn so much. I don t know if I have forgotten over time or if I never learned complex science theories, but these books are super, presenting them in an interesting and understandable way! Max Axiom takes the reader on a journey explaining the how the ecosystems work. He uses powers that he acquired in a freak accident to make himself as small as an atom, and he wears a lab coat that allows him to travel through time. Throughout the book, the author includes boxes with further information and explanations of the topics being discussed. This is particularly useful in helping the reader understand the topics. At the end of the book, the reader will find more facts on the ecosystem, a list of books on the same topic, and Internet sites. Vocabulary has been well-chosen, and the full-color graphics make an enormous impact on the story. The graphic novel style is perfect for students who are reluctant readers and never seem to finish a book on their own. Young adults who want to read anything they can get their hands on will also enjoy the graphics and fast-paced text. This book is an excellent resource that could be used for writing a summary, a book report, or as a source for research. This book should be in all science classrooms, school libraries, and among reference books at home. I highly recommend this book. --Children's Literature Comprehensive Database, January 2007 Solid science and decent graphic-novel style illustrations are the basis for the series. In Forces and Motion, to represent motion, some of the illustrations are blurred which may be off-putting to some. The More About section of each book sums up the topic. Inset boxes address vocabulary, interesting facts, and famous people. Web sites are accessed through FactHound. The action and story line are easy-to-follow, even for those not raised on graphic novels. These should be a welcome addition to a collection and will be enjoyed by students who like graphic formats, science, and ESOL and Special Education populations. Bibliography. Glossary. Index. Recommended. --Library Media Connection; Vol. 26, No. 2; Page 88, October 2007 Product Description In graphic novel format, follows the adventures of Max Axiom, a science teacher and super-cool super-scientist, as he explains the science behind ecosystems.
 

Exploring Energy with TOYS

Author: Taylor, Beverley
Key Words: physical science, technology and engineering, lessons, activities, energy
Description: A pop-can speedster illustrates the conversion of elastic potential energy to kinetic energy. An Operation game becomes a lesson on electronic circuits. Simple machines built with Lego kits demonstrate the principals of levers, gears, and pulleys. Is it fun, or is it science? It's both! Classroom-tested and developed with funding from the National Science Foundation, Teaching Energy with Toys helps instructors teach about mechanical energy and energy conversion with confidence and students' full attention. Using toys, games, and hands-on activities, the experiments in this jam-packed resource book convey complex science principals to young people more vividly and effectively than any textbook on the market. All toys can be inexpensively purchased or created by students with readily-available household materials. Each motivating lesson, which includes reproducible activities and integrated cross-curricular connections, is linked to the NSTA's National Standards for Science Education, and is perfectly suited for home or school instruction.
 

Eyewitness: Matter

Author: Cooper, Chris
Key Words: Physical Science, Matter
Description: The creators of the distinguished Eyewitness series have maintained the same high standards of writing and illustration in these four inaugural Eyewitness Science titles. Sharp, seemingly three-dimensional photos and intricate drawings accompany skillfully distilled texts that explain complex scientific principles and issues without oversimplifying them. The respective volumes identify the basic properties of light; the sources and use of electricity; the laws of force, energy and motion; and the various kinds of matter. In each large-format book, pictures and text work together to offer a lucid chronicle of pertinent experiments, discoveries and inventions from ancient times to the present. Whether in search of a quick answer or interested in delving into a topic in detail, youngsters will find that these information-packed books fill their needs handily. Ages 8-up.
 

Eyewitness: Shell

Author: Arthur, Alex
Key Words: Life Science
Description: Discover the amazing world of shelled animals -- their evolution, variety and habitats. When we comb the beach for shells, we very rarely consider the creatures that once lived inside them. This dazzling collection of specially commissioned photographs opens our eyes to the variety, complexity, and beauty of shells and their inhabitants. This fascinating book reveals the variety of subjects that can be called "shells," and looks in detail at the unusual animals that live within them -- from limpets to sea urchins, and from crabs to terrapins. It examines the habitats where shells can be found, and shows us shell fossils from millions of years ago. Several of the specimens featured were photographed alive; others come from specialized museums collections and are seen here for the first time; all are reproduced with such clarity of detail that they give us a new insight into the strange and wonderful world of shells. Shell is an exceptionally clear and informative visual guide. it presents a fascinating insight into these mysterious creatures, their past and present, and their everlasting appeal. (ES6-8.7, LS9-12.5)
 

The Field Guide to Geology

Author: Lambert, David
Key Words: Earth Science, geology, rocks, plate tectonics
Description: Grade 8 Up—Since the first edition of this book was published in 1998, technology for geological fieldwork has improved immensely. The coverage of these innovations, in a new chapter called "Monitoring Earth," is this book's best feature. It provides useful overviews, at a level of detail and in a vocabulary that is perfect for the audience, of concepts such as satellite laser ranging, which is used to measure the movement of continents, and the use of satellites in mapping the ozone layer. The rest of the book discusses the planet's formation; plate tectonics; methods of rock creation; how the sea, ice, and wind change the landscape; deciphering Earth's history from fossils and other rocks; exploitation of rocks and minerals, and, in another updated section, provides lists of prominent geologists and relevant institutions. The presentation in these chapters is overly succinct for such complex information, resulting in difficult reading (with no glossary) and loss of important detail. In one chapter, a 543-million-year-period is shoehorned into 30 pages. The illustrations are particularly disappointing. It is standard practice to show geological processes in simple line diagrams. These are provided, and are useful, as far as they go. But the few photographs mean that students have little opportunity to see the features produced by the forces that are so ably diagrammed. Apart from the information on new technologies, students would do better with Timothy M. Kusky's Encyclopedia of Earth Science (Facts On File, 2005).—Henrietta Thornton-Verma, School Library Journal (ES3-5.1, ES3-5.2, ES3-5.3, ES3-5.4, ES3-5.5, ES3-5.12, ES3-5.13, ES3-5.14, ES6-8.2, ES6-8.3, ES6-8.5, ES6-8.6, ES6-8.7, ES6-8.9, ES6-8.10, ES6-8.11, ES9-12.1, ES9-12.2, ES9-12.3, ES9-12.4, PS6-8.1, PS6-8.2, PS6-8.3, PS6-8.6, PS6-8.8, PS6-8.9)
 

Forces and Movement

Author: Riley, Peter D.
Key Words: physical science; motion; potential and kinetic energy; forces
Description: PS6-8.11, PS6-8.12, PS6-8.13, PS9-12.6
 

Forecast Earth: The Story of Climate Scientist Inez Fung

Author: Skelton, Renee
Key Words: climate, weather patterns
Description: Editorial Reviews Product Description Inez Fung forecasts the future-a future when Earth could look and feel a lot different than it does now. Inez is a climate scientist, someone who studies the causes of weather patterns and how they change over time. Why care about climate change? Because it affects every living thing on Earth, including you. What if the climate where you live began to change dramatically? What if a warmer climate caused the polar ice caps to melt and sea levels to rise? Inez investigates why such changes happen and how we can prepare for them. She does it by using data about the planet's land masses, oceans, and atmosphere to create computer models of Earth. Even gas and dust embedded in polar ice half a millions years ago can tell Inez about climates of the past-and give clues about Earth's climate future. Forecast Earth is the fascinating story of a scientist and her science. To tell this true tale of creative brilliance, author Renee Skelton drew on firsthand accounts from Inez and her friends, family, and colleagues. How did a quiet girl from Hong Kong grow up to become one of the world's most respected climate scientists? The life story of Inez Fung will intrigue and inspire readers of all ages. Book Description Inez Fung forecasts the future--a future when Earth could look and feel a lot different than it does now. Why care about climate change? Because it affects every living thing on Earth, including you. What if the climate where you live began to change dramatically? What if a warmer climate caused the polar ice caps to melt and sea levels to rise? Inez Fung is a climate scientist, someone who studies the causes of weather patterns and how they change over time. Inzez investigates why climate changes happen and how we can prepare for them, using data about the planet's land masses, oceans, and atmosphere to create computer models of Earth. Even gas and dust embedded in polar ice half a millions years ago can tell Inez about climates of the past--and give clues about Earth's climate future. Forecast Earth takes readers on a tour of the planet with a brilliant scientist as our guide. How did a quiet girl from Hong Kong grow up to become one of the world's most respected climate scientists? The life story of Inez Fung makes it clear that there are opportunities out there for everyone.
 

Forensics

Author: Platt, Richard
Key Words: life science, technology and engineering, cell biology
Description: This book looks at the trendy topic of collecting and analyzing evidence. Each spread focuses on a subtopic under the categories Signs of the Crime, Who Is It? and Crime Lab. Abundant, close-up color photographs illustrate everything from ballistics to counterfeit money. Up-to-date events are discussed, such as the DNA identification of the December 2004 tsunami victims in the Indian Ocean. Each chapter concludes with a summary, suggestions for further research, career possibilities, and places to visit. While other titles offer more depth, this visually appealing book gives a basic overview of everything that goes into investigating a crime and is good for browsing. Reluctant readers doing research will find the informative snippets manageable. Grade 5-10
 

Friendships in Nature [ILLUSTRATED]

Author: Hines II, James Gary
Key Words: Life Science, adaptation, Symbiosis, ecology
Description: Children learn about the surprising and fascinating world of symbiosis. They find out how the most unlikely animal, plant, or insect pair help each other in unusual ways.

About the Author - Jan Martin McGuire is an internationally known wildlife artist and naturalist whose work has been exhibited in the Smithsonian and London's Natural History Museum. She collaborated on Friendships in Nature with her husband James Gary Hines II who has had a life-long interest in writing and the outdoors. James also helps Jan with her research and handles all the business aspects of her career. PreK-3


 

A Fruit Is a Suitcase for Seeds

Author: Richards, Jean
Key Words: life science, plants, plant life cycle, adaptations
Description: Richards's carefully worded information provides an excellent introduction to seeds, their purpose, and growth that should be easy for young children to grasp. On each page, one or two short lines of text appear beneath a large painting. Hariton's use of bright watercolors adds sensual appeal to her illustrations of various fruits, vegetables, animals, and habitats. This cleverly presented book can be used as a read-aloud discussion starter, as a prelude to planting seeds and observing their growth, or in preparation for dissecting fruits and vegetables in order to find the seeds inside. Two final pages in question-and-answer format offer more tidbits of information about seeds. Tiny silhouette people and suitcases parading across the bottom of the pages visually emphasize the suitcase theme in a manner that is appropriate for the intended audience. Allan Fowler's From Seed to Plant (Children's, 2001) presents similar material and is accompanied by color photos and diagrams. Helene J. Jordan's How a Seed Grows (HarperCollins, 1992) and Gail Gibbons's From Seed to Plant (Holiday, 1991), both of them a bit more sophisticated, contain additional information on how seeds grow into plants and would make great companions to Richards's book. (PreK-3, ES3-5.3, LS3-5.6, LS3-5.9)
 

Fun with GPS

Author: Cooke, Donald
Key Words: gps, computer
Description: Editorial Reviews Product Description For the millions of GPS owners who love their GPS units but don't know all they can do with them, this fun guide shows that a GPS can do a lot more than just calculate a location. Dozens of illustrated examples show how a GPS can be attached to a multitude of devices, including dogsleds, race cars, hot-air balloons, windsurfers, pet animals, ski racers, hockey players, and sailboats. Each example includes maps and photographs to inspire hobbyists, airline passengers, athletes, animal lovers, drivers, teachers, and students to track and map their activities. How to incorporate GPS mapping technology in the classroom in order to reinforce science, math, and geography curricula, provide the groundwork for project-based learning, and show students that their schoolwork is important and relevant is discussed. About the Author Donald Cooke is the coauthor of The History of Geographic Information Systems. He is the founder of Geographic Data Technology, Inc., a past member of the National Academy of Science mapping science committee, and a member of the steering committee of the National Consortium for Remote Sensing in Transportation. He lives in Lyme, New Hampshire.
 

Garden Insects of North America: The Ultimate Guide to Backyard Bugs

Author: Cranshaw, Whitney
Key Words: insects
Description: Here's a sobering statistic: there are more than 100,000 species of insects and related garden pests in North America, and to gardeners it must often seem that the vast majority of them are eating, crawling, and flitting their way through treasured plants and flowers. Knowing what's doing the damage is more than half the battle in winning the pest-control war, and to that end Cranshaw has developed an impressive, encyclopedic guide to identifying everything from acorn weevils to zebra caterpillars. Understanding the way gardeners think, Cranshaw has logically organized the information according to the type of damage inflicted. The chapter on leaf chewers, for example, lists more than three-dozen likely insect culprits. Insect groups are then further characterized by host plant, range, appearance, and habits to precisely pinpoint the offending pest. Methods of controlling insect populations, in-depth discussions of beneficial insects, a comprehensive at-a-glance appendix of common plant-insect associations, and more than 1,400 color photos make this a marvel among insect identification manuals. Carol Haggas (LS3-5.1, LS3-5.3)
 

Gas Trees and Car Turds: Kids' Guide to the Roots of Global Warming

Author: Johnson, Kirk
Key Words: Earth Science, Life Science, climate change, global warming, renewable energy, fossil fuels, earth science, sustainability
Description: Global warming is a complicated problem. Gas Trees and Car Turds is a fun, fast read about the carbon cycle: trees are made of air and water, electricity is made from coal that is made from trees, gasoline is made from plankton, and all of these things are related to each other and to our climate through carbon dioxide. This colorfully illustrated book makes carbon dioxide, an invisible odorless gas responsible for global warming and plant growth, into something that can be imagined and understood by children.

About the Author - Author Kirk R. Johnson is vice president and chief curator at the Denver Museum of Nature & Science. His research focuses on fossil plants, ancient climates, and the K-T boundary, and he regularly works with artists to make his science accessible. He is the author of three other popular books: Prehistoric Journey: A History of Life on Earth, Ancient Denvers: Scenes from the Past 300 Million Years of the Colorado Front Range, and Cruisin' the Fossil Freeway. Johnson lives in Denver, Colorado.

Coauthor and illustrator Mary Ann Bonnell is the lead naturalist for the Parks and Open Space Department in Aurora, Colorado. For the last 19 years, she has used art, science, and enthusiasm to connect people of all ages to the natural world. She has created scientific illustrations for national wildlife refuges, botanic gardens, local nature centers, and state parks and has designed and created scientifically accurate and larger-than-life costumes and soft sculptures for the Seattle Aquarium, the Denver Museum of Nature & Science, and the Miami Museum of Science and Planetarium.


 

Gene Hunter: The Story of Neuropsychologist Nancy Wexler

Author: Glimm, Adele
Key Words: neurophysiciologist, women
Description: Editorial Reviews From School Library Journal Grade 6-10-These three titles mix personal information about the woman with scientific skills and information related to her field. Fact boxes go into greater detail about terms such as greenhouse gases or genes. Each volume is filled with full-color photographs of the subject and her work. Students will be comfortable with the style of these books, and the easy reading level makes them accessible for even nonscience-oriented students.-Lynn Evarts, Sauk Prairie High School, Prairie du Sac, WI Copyright © Reed Business Information, a division of Reed Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved. --This text refers to the Library Binding edition. Product Description Nancy Wexler is a hunter. Her quarry is the gene responsible for a fatal, inherited sickness called Huntington's disease. Finding this gene is a vital step toward preventing or curing Huntington's and thus saving lives. Nancy's work is a breathtaking race against time-not only for others but maybe for herself, as well. Nancy, the daughter of a Huntington's patient, is at risk for this disease. Nancy's work takes her all over the world, specifically to small villages in Venezuela where the mysterious gene affects more people than anywhere else on the globe. Blood samples generously donated by the villagers hold the clues to discovering the gene. Hunter, detective, scientist-Nancy is all these, plus a friend to people everywhere who are affected by Huntington's and other diseases of the brain. Gene Hunter is the powerful story of a scientist and her science. To tell this true tale of courage and discovery, author Adele Glimm drew on firsthand accounts from Nancy and her friends, family, and colleagues. How did a curious, strong-minded young girl become a renowned genetic researcher, determined to unlock the secrets of inherited diseases? The life story of Nancy Wexler will intrigue and inspire readers of all ages.
 

Generating Wind Power

Author: Walker, Niki
Key Words: physical science, technology and engineering, earth science, wind energy; alternative energy; conservation;ES3-5.6, ES3-5.8, ES6-8.4, ES9-12.1, ES9-12.2, PS3-5.4, PS6-8.13, PS9-12.6, TS9-12.3, TS9-12.4
Description: Generating Wind Power will teach young readers about the benefits of harnessing the wind for everyday use such as for travel, power machinery, generate electricity, and agriculture. Ages 9 to 12 years.
 

Genes and DNA

Author: Walker, Richard
Key Words: Life Science, Genes, DNA, heredity, cell biology
Description: Genes & DNA explores modern genetics, from an investigation of genes and their function, to forensics, therapy, and cloning. (LS6-8.2, LS6-8.3, LS6-8.4, LS6-8.5, LS6-8.7, LS6-8.8, LS6-8.10, LS9-12.2, LS9-12.3)
 

Genetics: From DNA to Designer Dogs

Author: Kathleen Simpson
Key Words: genetics, DNA, Life Sciences, biology
Description: Ever since scientists first cloned Dolly, genetics has been a hot-button topic in the media and the political world. Genetics brings readers the inside story, and looks objectively at this fascinating modern science. From the Human Genome Project to stem cell research to the National Geographic's own Genographic Project, scientists are exploring and rapidly advancing our knowledge of the human condition.
 

Gorilla Mountain: The Story of Wildlife Biologist Amy Vedder

Author: Ebersole, Rene
Key Words: Vedder, Amy , Biologists, Gorilla -- Rwanda, Wildlife conservation
Description: Editorial Reviews From School Library Journal Grade 5-8-Despite rather blah covers, odd titles, and a staid series format, these three books are interesting, substantive, and eminently readable. The authors not only outline the successful aspects of these women's careers, but also discuss their childhoods, their education, and their passionate determination to shine in their chosen fields. Laced with small color and black-and-white photos, each title contains a considered glossary, an annotated list of further resources, and a selected bibliography as well as references to interviews with the scientist, her family, and colleagues. For the intellectually curious, the texts are sprinkled with informative boxes on a variety of subjects, Gorilla Speak, What is Standard Deviation? and Smashing Particles among them. Conversational but not condescending, these titles are informative and inspiring.-Patricia Manning, formerly at Eastchester Public Library, NY Copyright © Reed Business Information, a division of Reed Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved. --This text refers to the Library Binding edition. Product Description Amy Vedder leads a wild life. How many people can say they were once a member of a mountain gorilla family? Amy is a wildlife biologist, a scientist who studies animals and their behavior. She uses her knowledge to save animals whose lives and habitats are threatened. Amy once lived in a remote part of central Africa, where she helped rescue Rwanda's mountain gorillas from extinction. She did groundbreaking science in a beautiful rain forest environment, but it wasn't always easy. She had to face tough conditions in a country affected by conflict and war. In the process, she met unforgettable people-and unforgettable gorillas. Today Amy travels the world, from her home base at New York's Bronx Zoo to the far reaches of Mongolia in Asia. Everywhere she goes, she teaches people how to appreciate and protect the precious wildlife that surrounds them. Gorilla Mountain is the thrilling story of a scientist and her science. To tell this true tale of adventure, author Rene Ebersole drew on firsthand accounts from Amy and her friends, family, and colleagues. How did a young nature lover become a powerful champion of great apes? The life story of Amy Vedder will intrigue and inspire readers of all ages.
 

Grand Canyon

Author: Viera, Linda
Key Words: Earth Science, weathering, erosion;ES3-5.3, ES3-5.4, ES3-5.12, ES9-12.3
Description: This picture-book exploration of the Grand Canyon begins with a pre-dawn storm, then follows a mule trail as it wends its way down the canyon, showing different sights along the way as the day progresses. The words and pictures maintain a quiet, dignified tone that captures the wonder visitors feel when they see this "seventh wonder of the natural world," and nicely chosen details keep the narrative interesting. The pictures are especially striking, complete with the textures, colors, light, and perspective that visitors might be treated to on a steep mule trail, all gloriously realized. The book concludes with a time line, and the endpapers show labeled layers of Grand Canyon rock. An excellent choice for armchair traveling or for preparing for a real-life trip. Susan Dove Lempke --This text refers to an out of print or unavailable edition of this title. Gr. 3-5.
 

A Grand Canyon Journey: Tracing Time in Stone

Author: Anderson, Peter
Key Words: Earth Science, rocks, erosion, Grand Canyon, geology
Description: Describes the geology, evolution, and beauty of the Grand Canyon by leading the reader down the Bright Angel Trail. (ES3-5.3, ES3-5.4, ES3-5.5, ES3-5.12, ES6-8.6, ES9-12.3)
 

Gravity Is a Mystery

Author: Branley, Franklyn M.
Key Words: gravity, earth
Description: PreSchool-Grade 3 This update of the 1970 edition remains a succinct and lively presentation of a baffling scientific phenomenon. Although Branley never defines gravity, its effect on life is clearly shown in terms easily comprehensible to its target audience. Madden's cartoon-like illustrations are specifically wedded to the scientific information presented by Branley. The main revision is in the addition of more varied and vibrant color to Madden's animated illustrations, heightening their humor and visually enhancing the verbal explanations. The major change in the text is a comment about one's weight on Pluto, which was based on conjecture in the original edition, and which is stated as fact here. Gravity All Around (McGraw-Hill, 1963; o.p.) by Tillie S. Pine and Joseph Levine offers similar information, but the presentation is not as well-suited to the very young.
 

The Greatest Science Stories Never Told: 100 tales of invention and discovery to astonish, bewilder, and stupefy

Author: Beyer, Rick
Key Words: technology, engineering, inventions, history of science
Description: 100 tales of invention and discovery to astonish, bewilder, & stupefy
  • Meet the angry undertaker who gave us the push-button phone.
  • Discover how modesty led to the invention of the stethoscope.
  • Find out why Albert Einstein patented a refrigerator.
  • Learn how a train full of trumpeters made science history.
Did you know about:
  • The frustrated fashion designer who created the space suit?
  • The gun-toting newspaperman who invented the parking meter?
  • The midnight dreams that led to a Nobel Prize?
They're so good, you can't read just one!

About the Author - Rick Beyer is a lifelong history enthusiast and an award-winning documentary producer whose work for The History Channel® includes Godspeed to Jamestown, The Wright Challenge, and the Timelab 2000 series of history minutes. He lives with his wife and two children in Lexington, Massachusetts.


 

The Greenwich Guide to Day and Night

Author: Dolan, Graham
Key Words: Day --Juvenile literature, Night --Juvenile literature, Day, Night, Earth --Rotation --Juvenile literature, Earth --Rotation,PreK-3, ES3-5.13, ES3-5.14, ES3-5.15, ES6-8.11
Description: This series explores the concept of time in the broader context of Earth and space. It explains how the Sun, Moon, Earth and stars play a part in making time. The series breaks down the concepts explored in "Time and the Millennium" and explains them for a younger readership. This title looks at the Sun, the Earth moving round it, light and energy, the Moon orbiting the Earth as well as more unusual features such as the midnight sun and the stars in the night sky. --This text refers to an out of print or unavailable edition of this title.
 

A Handful of Dirt

Author: Bial, Raymond (Author, Photographer, Illustrator)
Key Words: dirt, soil, earth, life in soil
Description: Grade 3-5-Readers who take a good look at dirt through Bial's eyes (and his camera lens) will never again look down on this rich, lifeful, life-giving "element." The readable, informative text introduces dirt dwellers from the tiniest protozoans through myriad invertebrates to the mammals and reptiles whose burrows aerate the earth, all depicted in large, sharp, full-color photos. The author includes basic instructions for setting up a home compost heap, and urges his audience to feel the same reverence for the soil and growing things as he learned from a beloved grandfather (whose well-worn tools are displayed lovingly in a full-page photo). Team this treasure with such practical works as Eleonore Schmid's attractive The Living Earth (North-South, 1994), Laurence Pringle's engaging Twist, Wiggle, and Squirm: A Book about Earthworms (Crowell, 1973; o.p.), and Bianca Lavies's stunning Compost Critters (Dutton, 1993) for a scientific investigation, or, for a more poetic configuration, try Ken Robbins's lyrical Earth (Holt, 1995) and Peggy Christian's poignant If You Find a Rock (Harcourt, 2000).
 

Harnessing Power from the Sun

Author: Walker, Niki
Key Words: earth science, technology and engineering, Solar energy; alternative energy;ES9-12.2, LS9-12.6, PS3-5.5, PS3-5.6, PS6-8.13, PS9-12.6, PS9-12.8, TS3-5.2
Description: This amazing new book tells why solar power is becoming a very real replacement for our current energy sources, with detailed images featuring different types of solar collectors, solar thermal plants, and solar cells. Ages 9 to 12 years.
 

Here's What You Do When You Can't Find Your Shoe:

Author: Snow, Alan (Illustrator)
Key Words: gift idea
Description: This collection of humorous poems is packed with silly contraptions designed to solve all sorts of problems. There is "The Sure-Footed Shoe Finder," a device with a "powerful Foot-Odor-Sensitive Vent" that "tracks down your sneaker by matching its scent." When you spray a produce repellent called "Veggies Be Gone" on your family's shopping cart, it "-fends off beans, beets, and peas./It even deflects cauliflower with ease." There is also a "Tooth-Fairy Forklift" for hoisting a heavy "tooth donor," and a leaf machine that assists with raking. Reminiscent of Shel Silverstein's work, the topics are child friendly and humorous. Pen-and-ink cartoons frame each selection. Packed with amusing details, the artwork is busy and clever, and highlights just how zany some of these devices are. Children will delight in the funny verses and appreciate the creative solutions to common dilemmas. Kindergarten-Grade 5
 

A Hot Planet Needs Cool Kids: Understanding Climate Change and What You Can Do About It

Author: Hall, Julie
Key Words: global warming;climate change;earth science;ecology;renewable energy;solar;sustainability,ES3-5.6, ES3-5.7, ES3-5.8, ES3-5.9, ES6-8.3, ES6-8.4
Description: Kids, parents, and teachers will find the very latest information about the causes and effects of climate change, how people are working to reduce it, and ways kids and their families and schools can join the fight. A Hot Planet Needs Cool Kids teaches and inspires through clear and accessible writing, engaging illustrations, hands-on activities, cool and hot facts, eco-hero features, and a hopeful and empowering message to get kids involved in confronting global warming and developing their best selves through such work. A Hot Planet Needs Cool Kids is suitable for home and classroom use. It meets national science and social studies curriculum standards. Additional teacher resources are available.
 

A House for Hermit Crab

Author: Carle, Eric (Author, Illustrator)
Key Words: book, childrens books, eric carle, kindergarten, pre-school
Description: Hermit Crab moves out of his small shell on the sea floor, in search of a new residence. When he finds a bigger place, a sea anemone offers to move in with him; a starfish agrees to decorate the joint. A snail and a sea urchin are employed for cleaning and protection, a lantern fish for lighting and smooth pebbles are used for a wall. Hermit lives happily for a while, until it is time to move again, to a still larger place. Carle's underwater neighborhood is snug, dynamic and full of possibilities. Droplets of color enrich the sea bottom and blades of seaweed are superimposed on the bright white background, in pictures that are occasionally quite abstract, but always engaging. All ages.
 

How We Know What We Know About Our Changing Climate: Lessons, Resources, and Guidelines for Teaching About Global Warming

Author: Malnor, Carol L.
Key Words: climate change, global warming, science,ES3-5.8, ES6-8.3, ES6-8.4, ES9-12.1, ES9-12.2, LS6-8.14, LS9-12.6, PS6-8.14, PS9-12.6
Description: Using the book How We Know What We Know about Our Changing Climate, this guide helps teachers explore global warming through engaging lessons and classroom activities. Suggestions are provided to differentiate instruction and conduct project-based learning. Lessons and activities are correlated to science standards for grades 5-8.
 

How We Know What We Know About Our Changing Climate: Scientists and Kids Explore Global Warming

Author: Cherry, Lynne
Key Words: Earth Science, ecology, global warming, climate change,ES3-5.8, ES6-8.3, ES6-8.4, ES9-12.2, LS6-8.14, PS6-8.14
Description: Cherry and Braasch introduce readers to scientists around the world whose research contributes to an understanding of the causes and consequences of global warming. They also describe the work of citizen scientists, including children, whose observations contribute to knowledge about important changes that are occurring. Studies range from documenting bloom dates of trees and flowers to extracting mud cores from the ocean floor. Small color photographs show the fieldwork and experiments of scientists and students. Even though many findings indicate a grim outlook for plant and animal life, including humans, if the current trends continue, the authors consistently note ways in which students can have a positive impact by making personal choices and influencing public policy. A concluding spread identifies the more than 40 scientists mentioned in the text. The book's wide-ranging exploration of scientific studies and the encouragement to people of every age to become citizen scientists and active participants for change make this a valuable purchase. Grade 4-8
 

Hudson: A Story of a River

Author: Baron, Robert C.
Key Words: Earth Science; ecology; Hudson River
Description: Illustrator Locker's radiant landscape paintings have been part of many books that show and tell a conservationist story--among them John Muir (2003). This time the focus is on Locker's own home area, and author Baron's history of the famous Hudson River is an inspiring way to blend the American story with an environmental message. Opposite each of Locker's unframed pictures, Baron reveals a piece of geological history. Beginning with the river's birth, "when ocean tides cut a channel and met freshwater torrents from melting glaciers," he follows its evolution as Native American peoples moved up the Hudson Valley 10,000 years ago, European settlers drove indigenous people away and exploited the river's resources, and industry and agriculture threatened to turn the river into "an open sewer"--until conservationists such as Rachel Carson sounded the alarm. The text is sometimes flat, but the simple refrain "The mountain and the river saw it all" is a haunting comment on the history. Gr. 2-5.
 

Hurricane & Tornado

Author: Challoner, Jack
Key Words: Earth Science, Hurricanes;Tornadoes;heat transfer;weather;ecology
Description: Here is a dramatic and compelling guide to nature's most dangerous and destructive forces. Stunning full-color photographs, models and illustrations offer a unique "eyewitness" view of catastrophic weather conditions. See into the eye of a spiraling cyclone, hailstones the size of tennis balls, a spectacular lightning ball, the devastating effects of the El Nino phenomenon, and how a gentle mountain stream can become a raging torrent within a few minutes. Learn the techniques developed through the centuries to forecast weather, about the chicken that was stripped of its feathers by a tornado, about Benjamin Franklin's lightning rod, and why human activity can cause weather patterns to change. Discover what causes giant waves capable of engulfing entire cities, the disastrous consequences of drought, how plants and animals have adapted to withstand extreme conditions, the weather patterns beyond Earth, and much, much more.
 

If You Find a Rock

Author: Christian, Peggy
Key Words: rocks;earth science;ecology
Description: Hand-tinted black-and-white photographs lend a timeless quality to this contemplative picture book. No feldspar or quartz is categorized hereDrather, Christian (The Bookstore Mouse) muses on a variety of rocks that children typically encounter, such as flat "skipping" rocks ("you toss it out in the water just so and see it trip across the surface, making a chain of spreading rings") to a "wishing rock ("with a stripe running all the way round it... it must circle all the way. You whisper what you want before you throw it"). Christian imbues her words with a childlike sense of wonder that lifts the everyday to the extraordinary, a transformation intensified by superb book production. Hewing to an earth-toned palette, Lember's (A Book of Fruit) photos are spare and uncluttered, alternating between tightly focused shots (small hands holding various stones, for instance) with broader pastoral vistas, such as a boy leaping from rock to rock across a creek. A slight soft-focus effect helps suspend the subjects in timeDdespite the backpacks and sneakers, these children could be from any era. The book's design is exemplary as well; the words are matted against broad swaths of white space, while the glossy sheen of the photographs stands out vividly. A work of art in every regard. Ages 6-9. (ES3-5.1, ES3-5.2, ES3-5.3, ES3-5.4, ES6-8.6, ES6-8.7, ES9-12.3, LS9-12.6)
 

Imaginative Inventions: The Who, What, Where, When, and Why of Roller Skates, Potato Chips, Marbles, and Pie

Author: Harper, Charise Mericle
Key Words: Inventions, grades 1-4
Description: In this edifying volume, Harper (When I Grow Up) explains how such everyday things as gum, skates and potato chips came to be, though she qualifies her research by noting that "creative storytelling and imagination were also used to tell these tales." For instance, piggy banks originated from vessels made of a clay called pygg; Harper speculates, "Some potter probably said,/ after giving it some thought,/ `What if I take my fine pygg clay/ and make a pig-shaped pot?' " High-heeled shoes, which first appeared in 16th-century France, inspire a tall tale about a short king. The vacuum-cleaner's innovator is depicted as a neat freak who tries to inhale dirt from his furniture: "1901 was the year/ that he built his first machine./ It took two men to operate/ but really got things clean." Harper maintains a lighthearted mood by describing each item in doggerel verse. She paints naive portraits of inventors at work, frames each spread with a thematic border and provides trivia about her humble subjects ("The most popular doughnut with kids is the chocolate frosted"). With its crazy-quilt visual patterns, bouncy stanzas and fun facts, this miscellany zigzags between informational and whimsical. Ages 4-8.
 

Informal Learning and Field Trips: Engaging Students in Standards-Based Experiences Across the K-5 Curriculum

Author: Melber, Leah M.
Key Words: field trips; informal learning
Description: The author shows teachers how to incorporate constructivist philosophy and inquiry-based learning techniques for standards-aligned, off-site learning experiences and provides guidelines for developing corresponding classroom activities.
 

Inquire Within: Implementing Inquiry-Based Science Standards in Grades 3-8

Author: Llewellyn, Douglas J.
Key Words: pedagogy; Inquiry; assessment
Description: "A one-stop-shopping resource for any educator seeking a better understanding of how to develop curriculum materials, plan for instruction, and assess student learning within classrooms that are undeclared by inquiry. An amazingly clear and broad synthesis of virtually every important topic associated with inquiry." -- Richard H. Audet, Associate Professor 20060704 "Enables teachers and other education professionals to reconceptualize the teaching of science. An invaluable resource for all those committed to achieving and surpassing world standards in the science education of present and future teachers and their students." -- Hubert M. Dyasi, Professor

"Enables teachers and other education professionals to reconceptualize the teaching of science. An invaluable resource for all those committed to achieving and surpassing world standards in the science education of present and future teachers and their students." (Hubert M. Dyasi, Professor)


 

Inside-Out: Environmental Science in the Classroom and the Field, Grades 3-8 - PB273X

Author: Blake, Robert
Key Words: Science; lessons; pedagogy; Environmental sciences
Description: Teachers seeking new ways to integrate Earth science, chemistry, physical geography, and life science into a study of the environment should just step outside! So say the authors of Inside-Out: Environmental Science in the Classroom and the Field, Grades 3 8, who provide thought-provoking, interesting activities to help teachers and students leave the classroom and learn outside. Inside-Out covers topics such as using topographic maps to better understand landforms, exploring the physical landscape of a local area, how water sustains biological organisms, and the relationship between soil conditions and local flora using both field- and classroom-based lessons to convey important environmental science concepts. Each chapter includes an introduction to the material covered, followed by activities that allow students to use direct observation and inquiry to learn various concepts in environmental science. The authors also provide many web resources that will point teachers in the right direction for gaining even more information about these subjects. If you re looking for a way to bring environmental science lessons to life for your students, Inside-Out can help you do it!
 

Interrupted Journey: Saving Endangered Sea Turtles

Author: Knight, Christopher G. (Photographer)
Key Words:
Description: There's a sense of wonder in the simple words and the huge, thrilling color pictures in this photo-essay about a vanishing species, the Kemp's ridley turtle. The astonishing, true nature story begins with one injured juvenile sea turtle and its rescue; then the book moves out to the general facts about the endangered animal: its life cycle; the hazards, natural and human, it faces; and the miracle of its survival through an active international effort. A young boy, Max, and his mother find the two-or-three-year-old turtle washed up on a beach in Cape Cod. Hatched from an egg laid on a beach in the Gulf of Mexico, it has been swept off its course, its journey interrupted. Is it alive or dead? They take it to the New England Aquarium where vets and volunteers place it in Intensive Care. Then five months later it's flown to the Turtle Hospital in the Florida Keys, where it's tagged (so it can be tracked) and released again into the ocean. As in Monarchs (1993), Lasky and photographer Christopher Knight show the miracle of the small creatures that survive solitary from birth: "There is no one to teach them anything. They live alone and they live by instinct." The beautiful photos include close-ups of one turtle and the people caring for it as well as dazzling panoramas of its ocean path. The climax is the release, the thrill of seeing it swim free, the hope that that it will live to lay its own eggs on the beach where it hatched. Gr. 3-6.
 

Investigating Environmental Science Through Inquiry

Author: Volz, Donald L.
Key Words: environmental science, inquiry, Vernier sensors
Description: Editorial Reviews Product Description Environmental Science Investigations using Vernier sensors. Includes free GIS software.
 

Janice VanCleave's Rocks and Minerals: Mind-Boggling Experiments You Can Turn Into Science Fair Projects

Author: VanCleave, Janice
Key Words: science fair, child geology, rocks
Description: Grade 6-8 Beginning with directions for differentiating between rocks and minerals, VanCleave presents stunningly clear, direct, and informative projects. They are generally simple enough for self-directed students to do on their own, but a teacher's guidance would be helpful. Black-and-white diagrams and drawings of multiethnic youngsters performing the experiments illustrate the text. A list of suppliers of materials, complete with addresses and telephone numbers, and an excellent glossary are included.George Gleason, Department of English, Southwest Missouri State University, Springfield Copyright 1996 Reed Business Information, Inc.
 

Ladybugs, Tornadoes, and Swirling Galaxies: English Language Learners Discover Their World Through Inquiry

Author: Buhrow, Brad
Key Words: esl
Description: Brad Buhrow and Anne Garcia are primary teachers in a diverse school in Boulder, Colorado. In Ladybugs, Tornadoes and Swirling Galaxies, you will see how they blend comprehension instruction and ELL best practices to explore inquiry as a literacy pathway for English language learners.

As teachers and students engage in learning science and social studies content they also discover multiple ways to make meaning. The book is full of photographs of student artwork-including a color insert-that reveals the children's inquiry process, and demonstrates the important role of art as a sign system in ELL literacy and language acquisition.

Brad and Anne provide explicit detail on the process they use as they move step-by-step with students from personal narrative through the independent inquiry process. They also discuss use of the Gradual Release Model, authentic assessment, and bilingual identities.

Appendices in Spanish and English help to round out this informative and charming resource.


 

Let it Rot!: The Gardener's Guide to Composting (Third Edition)

Author: Campbell, Stu
Key Words: Life Science; ecology; composting
Description: A readable, quietly humorous introduction to composting, this covers reasons to compost; differing approaches; how decomposition works; various methods, ingredients, and containers; how to speed decomposition; and how to use the end result. Campbell is an experienced gardener, and the book goes into great detail, but the text remains clear and interesting. The simple black-and-white illustrations vary between decorative sketches and straightforward diagrams; they could have been more frequent and more informative. The bibliography lists 14 other books on composting; a list of sources of composting supplies is also given. An interesting treatment of a basic subject for general readers, this is recommended for all gardening collections needing material on compost heaps. - Sharon Levin, Univ. of Vermont Medical Lib., Burlington ES3-5.4, ES3-5.5, ES3-5.11, LS6-8.2, LS6-8.3, LS6-8.4, LS6-8.14, LS6-8.15, LS9-12.6
 

The Life and Times of the Honeybee

Author: Micucci, Charles
Key Words: life science;bees; adaptation; life science
Description: Gr. 3-5, younger for reading aloud. Every bit as nicely designed and packed with information as The Life and Times of the Apple (1992), this book reminds us that original artwork can be more precise and just as spectacular as photographs in children's nonfiction: here, for example, there's a large, striking, double-page-spread illustration of a worker bee guaranteed to make kids gasp. Most of the drawings, however, are small, finely detailed, and many to a page. Along with reinforcing and expanding upon the text, they lighten the information load--a bespectacled cartoon bee adds a bit of comedy by flitting from page to page among his more realistically drawn relatives. Each nicely organized double-page spread deals with a different aspect of the honeybee variety we know best (Micucci is not concerned with African or Africanized bees). The information, which appears in concise, clearly written blocks of text, covers everything from distribution, reproduction, behavior, and honey manufacture to the honeybee's niche in history. A solid, fascinating treasure trove of bee stuff, as enriching to the mind as it is pleasing to the eye, Micucci's book is a wonderful example of how good children's nonfiction can really be. Stephanie Zvirin (LS3-5.3, LS3-5.8, LS6-8.13)
 

Life on Earth -- and Beyond: An Astrobiologist's Quest [ILLUSTRATED]

Author: Turner, Pamela S.
Key Words: earth science, life science, astrobiologist
Description: NASA astrobiologist Dr. Christopher McKay has searched the earth's most extreme environments in his quest to understand what factors are necessary to sustain life. Pamela S. Turner offers readers an inside look at Dr. McKay's research, explaining his findings and his hopes for future exploration both on Earth and beyond. Behind-the-scenes photos capture Dr. McKay, his expeditions, and the amazing microbes that survive against all odds. (ES6-8.10, LS3-5.5, LS3-5.6, LS3-5.7, LS3-5.8, LS3-5.9, LS6-8.12, LS6-8.14, LS6-8.17, LS6-8.18, LS9-12.5, LS9-12.6)
 

The Magic School Bus Gets Baked in a Cake: A Book About Kitchen Chemistry

Author: Cole, Joanna
Key Words: Physical Science, chemistry
Description: When the class tries to bake a cake for Ms. Frizzle's birthday, they wind up inside it and have some delicious fun learning all about mixtures and reactions that occur when ingredients are combined. TV tie-in.
 

The Magic School Bus In The Haunted Museum: A Book About Sound

Author: Schick, Joel (Illustrator)
Key Words: Physical Science, sound
Description: In a companion book to the new PBS series starring Lily Tomlin, readers learn about sound and how it is made as Ms. Frizzle's class spends the night in a sounds museum that turns out to be haunted. TV tie-in. (PreK-3, PS3-5.11)
 

The Magic School Bus Inside a Beehive

Author: Cole, Joanna
Key Words: Life Science, bees;life cycle;adaptation
Description: Gr. 3-5, younger for reading aloud. When Ms. Frizzle's students board the magic school bus for a class trip to watch a beekeeper, no one should be surprised when the bus turns into a beehive and the children morph into bees. Still recognizable despite their bee suits, wings, and antennae, Arnold and his classmates visit flowers to gather nectar and soon gain admittance to a nearby hive. There Ms. Frizzle leads them on an informative tour and explains bee communication, hive making, honey production, social structure, mating, development, and metamorphosis. As in the earlier books, the text appears in boxes, in notebook-paper pages of student reports, and in the voice balloons of the characters. Degen's humorous line drawings washed with watercolors fill the pages with plenty of action and intriguing details. Given the series' enormous popularity, children will open this book with high expectations for fun as well as facts. They will not be disappointed. Carolyn Phelan LS3-5.3, LS3-5.6, LS3-5.7, LS3-5.8, LS3-5.11, LS6-8.12, LS6-8.13, LS6-8.14, LS6-8.16, LS9-12.4, LS9-12.6
 

The Magic School Bus Plays Ball: A Book About Forces

Author: Cole, Joanna
Key Words:
Description: On a field trip inside a physics book, Ms. Frizzle's class plays baseball in a world without friction and learns all about friction and forces. Full-color illustrations.
 

Microscopic Life

Author: Walker, Richard
Key Words: Life Science, Microbiology; cells
Description: Microscopic Life explores the tiny worlds that exist around us and even within us! Examine how some organisms help us fight diseases and others help to produce food. But bacteria can also be harmful, causing tooth decay, food poisoning, and many deadly epidemics. Students will be amazed at the vast range of microscopic life and at the close proximity in which they live to humans! (LS6-8.1, LS6-8.2, LS6-8.3, LS6-8.4, LS6-8.13, LS6-8.15, LS9-12.2, PS9-12.6)
 

Mistakes that Worked

Author: Jones, Charlotte
Key Words: invention history, creativity, max, child lit, childrens books, technology, traffic
Description: Grade 4-6-- For those readers who feel as though they've yet to accomplish anything in life, these discoveries will come as a great relief. None of the inventions described in these pages were planned; in fact, some of the inventors had no idea they'd stumbled on something useful until years later, when their works became popular. Jones covers both patented inventions (Silly Putty, Popsicles, Coca Cola) and generic ones (bricks, donut holes, cheese). She also throws in some place names whose monikers were coined accidentally. The loony watercolor sketches and all the extras here--fun facts, recipes, and anecdotes--are perfect for browsing. This book covers material similar to that in Wulffson's The Invention of Ordinary Things (Lothrop, 1981) and Steven Caney's Invention Book (Workman, 1985), but both are without the specific slant of "mistaken discovery." The only detriment to this otherwise versatile book is the cartoon stereotypes of the Eskimo, Native American, and Chinese man. --Cathryn A. Camper, Minneapolis Public Library
 

The Moon Book

Author: Gibbons, Gail
Key Words: Earth Science, moon
Description: Gr. 2-4, younger for reading aloud. This fully illustrated introductory book offers young children information about the moon: its orbit and phases, its place in solar and lunar eclipses, its effect on Earth's oceans, moon exploration, and the legends the moon has inspired in various cultures. Written clearly yet without too much detail, the text moves along quickly. The pictures and diagrams deserve study, as they help readers visualize such concepts as how the moon moves in relation to the earth and the sun and why it seems to change shape. Gibbons uses a spacious format to vary page layout, presenting each facet of the moon's story with a large illustration or a series of smaller ones. Her colorful pictures of people observing the moon seem all the more brilliant against backgrounds of midnight blue. A fine resource for school and public library collections.
 

More Everyday Science Mysteries: Stories for Inquiry-Based Science Teaching

Author: Konicek-Moran, Richard
Key Words: Science mysteries, Inquiry-based learning
Description: Where do rotten apples go after they fall off the tree? Does the temperature of the wood affect the heat of the fire? Can you make water boil faster? How large a mirror do you need to see your whole body? This second volume of 15 mystery stories examines more science concepts and reinforces the value of learning science through inquiry. Each mystery presents opportunities for students to create questions, form hypotheses, test their ideas, and come up with explanations. Focused on concepts such as weather and climate, thermodynamics, interdependency of living things, adaptation, life cycles, properties of matter, reflection and refraction, and chemical bonds, these mysteries draw students into the stories by grounding them in experiences students are familiar with, providing them with the foundation for classroom discussion and inquiry. These stories are bound to reveal the wonderful ideas all students have, give them the confidence to explore their own thinking, and provide opportunities for them to do science rather than have science done to them. Page Keeley, NSTA President 2008 09

About the Author Richard Konicek-Moran has been a science educator for more than 50 years and now teaches science education courses at the University of Massachusetts.


 

More Picture Perfect Science Lessons: Using Children's Books to Guide Inquiry, K-4

Author: Ansberry, Karen
Key Words: science, lessons
Description: Teachers raved when NSTA Press published Picture-Perfect Science Lessons, 3-6. They loved its lively mix of kid-magnet books, Standards-based science content, and ready-to-teach lessons that incorporate the BSCS 5E learning cycle. So what could be more perfect? More Picture-Perfect Science Lessons, K-4! This volume offers 15 new lessons that combine picture books and inquiry to develop students interest in science and reading. More Picture-Perfect Science Lessons, K-4, follows the same winning formula that made the first volume a bestseller. The lessons cover physical science, life science, and Earth and space science. They include reproducible student pages and assessments. They feature embedded reading-comprehension strategies. And they make students yearn to learn from such engaging fiction and nonfiction books as Diary of a Worm; Sunshine on My Shoulders; How Tall, How Short, How Faraway; and Leo Cockroach, Toy Tester. The award-winning authors know from their own classroom experience how important it is for time-starved teachers to integrate science and reading in a natural way ... and how students with reading troubles can benefit from an extra nudge to get engaged in science texts.
 

MORE Science Adventures with Children's Literature: Reading Comprehension and Inquiry-Based Science

Author: Fredericks, Anthony D.
Key Words: pedagogy, science, inquiry
Description: These dynamic literature-based activities will help teachers and school librarians energize the entire science curriculum and implement national standards. Fredericks presents hundreds of hands-on, minds-on projects that actively engage students in positive learning experiences. Each of the units offers book summaries, science topic areas, critical thinking questions, classroom resources, reproducible pages, and lots of easy-to-do activities including science experiments for every grade level. Chapters cover: Life Science, Space Science, Earth Science, Physical Science, and the Human Body for students in grades K-4. The author also provides practical guidance for teaching science through inquiry, for collaborative ventures with school librarians, for integrating literature across the curriculum, and an up-to-date section of annotated bibliographies of the best in children's science literature. All titles are new to this volume and linked to national science standards. An entire chapter on the advantage of collaboration between the classroom teacher and the school librarian is included. Each individual unit includes a section on one or more collaborative classroom/library projects. An added plus is a section of related Readers Theatre scripts keyed to the science topics and standards. Grades K-4.
 

Motion: Push and Pull, Fast and Slow

Author: Boyd, Sheree (Illustrator)
Key Words: Physical Science; Force; Energy
Description: Up, down, forward, and back. Sideways or around and around. See how things get moving and what makes them stop in this lively book on motion. Pre-K-3

About the Author - Darlene R. Stille is a science writer and author of more than 80 books for young people. When she was in high school, she fell in love with science. While attending the University of Illinois, she discovered that she also loved writing. She was fortunate enough to find a career as an editor and writer that allowed her to combine both of her interests. Darlene lives and writes in Michigan.


 

National Geographic Investigates: Outbreak: Science Seeks Safeguards for Global Health

Author: Piddock, Charles
Key Words: life science, physical science, technology and engineering, global health; cell biology
Description: Outbreaks provides a fascinating introduction to the fight against infectious diseases, including scientists who discovered various viruses and bacteria. The text outlines how we have learned to fight nature’s harmful strains and to use others to our advantage; it also provides the latest findings on bird flu and SARS, Ebola and AIDS, and highly resistant strains of tuberculosis. Outbreaks gives readers the experts’ view on an area of science which is vital to the future health of mankind. Reading Level: Ages 9-12. (LS6-8.1, LS6-8.2, LS6-8.3, LS6-8.4, LS6-8.13, LS6-8.15, LS9-12.2, PS9-12.6)
 

The Natural World Through Children's Literature: An Integrated Approach

Author: Butzow, John W.
Key Words: Nature study, Children's literature in science education
Description: Editorial Reviews Review “The 27 lesson plans in this teaching resource center on a picture book title for teaching young students about animals, plants, the earth, stars, and environmental interactions. Each lesson plan consists of a vocabulary list, a crossword puzzle, illustrations, and activities for language arts, writing, social studies, science, mathematics, the arts, and information literacy.”–Reference & Research Book News Book Description Well-known authors, Carol and John Butzow consider over 25 picture books and correlating integrated activities in all curricular areas that provide examples in nature for children to observe, describe, and appreciate.
 

Nature Got There First: Inventions Inspired by Nature

Author: Gates, Phil
Key Words: inventions inspired by nature
Description: Many kids today are more interested in computers and robots than frogs or ferns, and personally, I think this bodes ill for an appreciation of nature. If you yourself are too busy to take your kids out to the fields or forests for a real natural experience, this is a great book to help convince them that there is, if nothing else, a utilitarian value to preserving nature. Most every technological solution humans have painstakingly contrived already existed in nature in some fashion. And if we want to build better computers and robots, we should conserve ecosystems filled with the billions of years of successfully evolved engineering solutions to emulate. This is a slightly uncomfortable argument, akin to saving rainforests for possible pharmacological value, but it works with some people! --This text refers to an out of print or unavailable edition of this title.
 

Nature in a Nutshell for Kids: Over 100 Activities You Can Do in Ten Minutes or Less

Author: Potter, Jean
Key Words: Earth science, life science, experiments, activities, gology, lessons
Description: An appealing hands-on introduction to natural science. Each of the 102 experiments is easy, uses safe and mostly readily available household supplies, and is fun at the same time. Divided into seasonal sections, the activities have catchy titles, state hypotheses, list materials, lay out procedures, and finish with clear explanations. Among the noteworthy investigations are: how duck feathers react to water, how mountains are formed, what keeps a seal from freezing in icy weather, whether ants prefer sugar or aspertame, and more. This title compares favorably with Robert Brown's 200 Illustrated Science Experiments for Children (TAB, 1987) and Janice Van Cleave's 200 Gooey, Slippery, Slimy, Weird & Fun Experiments (John Wiley, 1992). Clear but undistinguished pen-and-ink drawings appear on every page. A useful glossary, addresses of science organizations, and an extensive list for further reading are appended. An entertaining addition that will encourage youngsters to consider the wonders around them. Make bubbles that bounce! Stir up a tornado in a jar! Make elastic from a dandelion! Predict weather from cloud formations! Discover the beauty and wonder of nature all year round with these quick, easy experiments and activities from Jean Potter. You can complete each activity in ten fun-filled minutes or less, and the clear step-by-step instructions and illustrations help you get it right every time. The projects are organized by season and help you learn about everything from why grass is green to how seals stay warm in icy arctic waters. You will find most of the materials already in your home, backyard, or neighborhood. The 112 activities in this book cover every aspect of the natural world, including plant and animal life, weather, ecology, rocks and minerals, the senses, the stars, and much more. You'll build a mountain the same way the earth does, find out whether your neighborhood ants prefer sugar or artificial sweetener, discover why maple seeds act like tiny helicopters, and explore the effects of acid rain on plants-all with the help of a leading educator. Children Ages 8-12
 

Nature's Machines: The Story of Biomechanist Mimi Koehl

Author: Parks, Deborah
Key Words: science, biography, biomechanics, inventors
Description: Editorial Reviews Product Description Mimi Koehl tinkers with machines. Some are so tiny they can't be seen by the naked eye, and some disappeared millions of years ago. But Mimi isn't a mechanic. She's a biomechanist, a scientist who uses engineering and physics to study the designs of living things that fly, swim, drift, and crawl. She loves solving riddles about how creatures-from feathered dinosaurs to flying frogs-live and move. Mimi's curiosity has led her into all kinds of natural neighborhoods. She has braved turbulent waters to explore how giant green sea anemones survive crashing waves. In Chile, while studying seaweeds, a rogue wave washed Mimi off one cliff and slammed her into another one. But nothing stops her desire for discovery. To uncover answers, Mimi has attached leashes to microscopic animals and created ingenious models using raspberry gelatin and even Silly Putty. Today Mimi searches the world-and her imagination-for answers to life's challenging mysteries. Nature's Machines is the thrilling story of a scientist and her science. To tell this true tale of adventure, author Deborah Parks drew on firsthand accounts from Mimi and her friends, family, and colleagues. How did a young artist bursting with curiosity grow up to become a world-class scientist? The life story of Mimi Koehl will intrigue and inspire readers of all ages. Book Description Mimi Koehl tinkers with machines. Some are so tiny they can't be seen by the naked eye, and some disappeared millions of years ago. But Mimi isn't a mechanic. She's a biomechanist. Mimi Koehl uses engineering and physics to study the designs of living things that fly, swim, drift, and crawl. She loves solving riddles about how creatures--from feathered dinosaurs to flying frogs--live and move. Mimi's curiosity has led her into all kinds of natural neighborhoods. She has braved turbulent waters to explore how giant green sea anemones survive crashing waves. In Chile, while studying seaweeds, a rogue wave washed Mimi off one cliff and slammed her into another one. But nothing stops her desire for discovery. To uncover answers, Mimi has attached leashes to microscopic animals and created ingenious models using raspberry gelatin and even Silly Putty. Today Mimi searches the world--and her imagination--for answers to life's challenging mysteries. Using insights gained from interviews with her family,
 

Nurturing Inquiry: Real Science for the Elementary Classroom

Author: Pearce, Charles R.
Key Words: pedagogy, inquiry, assessment
Description: Every day children make astounding scientific discoveries. The playpen, sandbox, backyard, and playground are their laboratories. What, then, can we offer these young scientists who have spent their lifetimes acquiring knowledge through their own investigations? What experiences can we provide to enhance the growth of the scientist within each child? Charles Pearce found the answers and shares his discoveries in Nurturing Inquiry. The book offers a tour of Pearce's inquiry science classroom, where students are given daily opportunities to do what they do best: investigate, explore, and discover, using their own questions, curiosities, and interests. Nurturing Inquiry provides all the information you need to incorporate inquiry into your curriculum. Part I is a detailed account of how Pearce prepares his classroom, his students, and himself for the introduction of inquiry. In Part II, Pearce explains how to sustain interest throughout the school year by giving students more and more ownership in their investigations both within and beyond the classroom. Part III includes ideas to help you meet the particular challenges of assessing inquiry and offers examples of various assessment instruments, including surveys, checklists, and dialogue journals. Replete with practical ideas for materials, activities, and strategies, Nurturing Inquiry is the perfect resource for teachers looking to create a community of scientists in their classroom. But it is much more than a how-to manual - it is also an inspiring look at the reflection, choices, and values that shape the practice of a highly successful teacher.
 

Odd Boy Out: Young Albert Einstein (Bccb Blue Ribbon Nonfiction Book Award

Author: Brown, Don
Key Words: physical science, albert einstein;PS3-5
Description: This well-crafted picture-book biography focuses on Einstein's hard-to-classify brilliance, which led to awesome scientific discoveries, but all too often left him a misunderstood outsider. Brown describes his subject's loving, cultured parents who were frequently nonplussed by their son's behavior and temper. He found himself the "odd boy" at school, and as the only Jewish student, was sometimes taunted by other children. He puzzled his instructors as well; though clearly gifted in science, math, and music, he was an indifferent student in most subjects. Brown's pen-and-ink and watercolor illustrations, rendered in a palette of dusky mauve and earthy brown, portray a doubtful, somewhat unhappy-looking child, except for a picture in which he gazes fondly at a compass, a gift that astonishes him as he ponders its mysteries. In many scenes he is marginalized on the sidelines, set apart by color and shading. One dramatic spread features an adult Einstein pushing his child in a carriage, looking small against a backdrop that highlights some of the scientific puzzles that so engaged him. Through eloquent narrative and illustration, Brown offers a thoughtful introduction to an enigmatic man. This book will pique the interest of readers with little or no knowledge of Einstein. Grade 2-5
 

Oil Spill!

Author: Mirocha, Paul (Illustrator)
Key Words: Earth Science, ecology, life science,PreK-3
Description: Ages 5-8. Beginning with the events and effects of the Exxon Valdez disaster, Berger introduces children to the causes of oil spills, the ecological damage they cause, and the ideas and technologies developed to deal with them. Although the text is simple and clear, it's sometimes choppy: "Chemicals make the oil less harmful. But they add poisons to the water." Does cutting the sentence in two and treating the subordinate clause like a sentence really make it easier to read? Subtle in texture and deep in tone, the colorful artwork effectively illustrates marine animals and oil tankers; there are also diagrams of cleanup operations, maps, and fanciful ideas (the "1,000 big swimming pools" that could be filled with oil spilled from the Exxon Valdez). The book ends with suggestions for preventing oil spills, from conserving energy at home to writing letters to members of Congress requesting better oil transport legislation. From the Let's-Read-and-Find-Out Science series, a good introduction to the subject. See Lauber, below, for another series title. Carolyn Phelan --This text refers to an out of print or unavailable edition of this title.
 

On the Same Day in March: A Tour of the World's Weather

Author: Singer, Marilyn
Key Words: Earth science, Weather
Description: In this companion volume to their Nine O'Clock Lullaby, Singer and Lessac embark on a meteorological trip around the globe, pointing out the drastically different weather conditions that can occur in various places, all on the same day. From the Arctic to the Texas Panhandle, Northern Kenya and all the way down to Antarctica, readers trek across both hemispheres, checking out snow, ice, fog, clouds, sun and heat. Singer's poetic language makes the voyage a particularly intriguing one, describing African rains that "leave the gift of a river," Patagonian clouds, "white puffs" that "vanish wet and cold/ in [a boy's] fat warm hands" and, in Barbados, sunlight that "dazzles on the sand." Lessac's folk-art paintings are like stylized picture-postcards, featuring jaunty groupings of brightly clad people and distinctive backgrounds, ranging from bustling cityscapes to wide-open countryside. No matter the time of year, youngsters will be eager to take this informative tour. Ages 4-8.
 

Once Upon a Life Science Book: 12 Interdisciplinary Activities to Create Confident Readers - PB275X

Author: Wheeler-Toppen, Jodi Lyn
Key Words: Life Science, lessons, pedagogy, literacy
Description: Reading skills and life science come together in this engaging new book for middle school teachers. Once Upon a Life Science Book makes it easy for teachers to improve their students reading abilities and teach science content simultaneously through clearly outlined, inquiry-based lessons. Author Jodi Wheeler-Toppen offers science activities for students and explains how these activities relate to the National Science Education Standards. Topics as varied as the cell cycle, skeletal and muscular systems, genetics, and food chains are covered in a concise manner that will appeal to teachers and students alike. She doesn t stop there, however. She follows these activities with reading strategies such as comprehension coding, chunking, and previewing diagrams and illustrations that students can apply to science lessons and other subjects. The reading passages on science content are more student friendly and easier to follow than typical textbooks, which might not provide the background knowledge or connections that students need to learn science content. With this interdisciplinary volume, teachers can help students learn the science in a straightforward manner and develop strategies to improve their reading a win-win that will delight time-strapped educators.
 

One Minute Mysteries: 65 Short Mysteries You Solve With Science!

Author: Yoder, Eric
Key Words: pedagogy, inquiry, stories, earth science, physical science, life science, science and technology
Description: Not an ordinary mystery book, One Minute Mysteries makes science fun! Each one-minute mystery (solutions included) exercises critical thinking skills while covering earth, space, life, physical, chemical, and general science. A bonus section includes five mysteries from our upcoming title in the series, One Minute Mysteries: Solve 'em with Math! This entertaining and educational book is great for kids, grown-ups, schools, educators, homeschoolers and anyone who loves good mysteries, good science, or both!
 

One Tiny Turtle with Audio: Read, Listen, & Wonder

Author: Davies, Nicola
Key Words:
Description: This vibrant new book-and-CD series brings the best of our Read and Wonder nature stories to life. Each paperback title in the series includes a CD that features:
  • an engaging read-aloud with sound effects
  • a segment focusing on fascinating facts
  • a read-along opportunity guided by prompts
Journey thousands of miles with the endangered loggerhead turtle, who returns to lay her eggs on the very beach where she was born.
 

The Orphan Seal

Author: Hodgkins, Fran
Key Words: Harbor seal -- Massachusetts -- Boston --, Biography -- Juvenile literature, Wildlife rescue -- Massachusetts -- Boston --, Juvenile literature, New England Aquarium (Boston, Mass, literature, Harbor seal, Seals (Animals), Orphaned animals, Wildlife rescue
Description: Recounts the story of Howler, an abandoned harbor seal pup, from his rescue and recovery in early spring at the New England Aquarium until he is released in the fall.
 

Out of the Ocean

Author: Frasier, Debra
Key Words:
Description: "My mother says you can ask the ocean to bring you something. If you look, she says, you might find it." So begins the child narrator in Debra Frasier's Out of the Ocean, a loving tribute to the sea. For over 35 years, Frasier's family lived just north of Vero Beach, Florida, in a house overlooking the Atlantic Ocean. During that time, she combed the shore, took many pictures, and finally wrote this beachy paean. Close-up photographs of sand allow readers to see every raspy grain, and cut-paper collages splash across the sandy, shell-strewn background to form incoming surf or dune plants such as periwinkle and hibiscus. As readers walk along the shore with the author, we find beach glass, flotsam, a little jetsam, pelican feathers, black skate egg pouches, and other shore-side marvels. The little girl asks the ocean to show her treasures like these, but her mother asks for things that are too big to carry home--water, the sun, the moon, the sound of waves. A glossary in the back provides more information on shells, finding messages in bottles, and egg pouches, and plants and trees, in addition to things too big to carry home. If you've ever wanted to introduce the ocean to a child who's never seen it, this book captures the dreamy sights, smells, sounds, and textures. (Ages 4 to 8) --Karin Snelson
 

Outdoor Inquiries: Taking Science Investigations Outside the Classroom

Author: McGlashan, Patricia
Key Words: pedagogy, life science, inquiry, experiments, activities
Description: Here's some advice for teachers looking for science instruction to supplement their science textbooks and kits: Take it outside! Conducting science investigations beyond the four walls of the classroom is one of the best ways for young people to develop scientific thinking and to practice gathering and analyzing their own data. Outdoor Inquiries is the clear, concise handbook that shows you how.

Outdoor Inquiries takes you step by step through guiding intermediate and middle level students to new and deeper understandings of scientific content, thinking, and procedures. From smart, pragmatic advice-including how to select an appropriate site for investigation, what to bring with you, and how to ensure student safety-to powerful, detailed lesson plans, suggestions for crosscurricular integration, and useful ideas for assessment, Outdoor Inquiries offers everything you need to get started. It outlines five interrelated strategies to use with students as they investigate their local environment: journal keeping, mapping, collection making, field-guide development, behavior study.

In addition, detailed classroom vignettes from a variety of settings demonstrate how each inquiry strategy helps your students meet several recommendations of the National Science Education Standards by engaging them in: close observation, long-term data gathering, the generation of thoughtful questions, data analysis. Step outside the usual kit-based science instruction. Nurture the inquiries of your science learners by helping them apply critical thinking skills to the real world as they make meaningful connections to their natural, dynamic local environment. Use Outdoor Inquiries and discover that whenit comes to teaching science, the outside world can be your most effective instructional tool.

About the Author: Patricia McGlashan, Kristen Gasser, Peter Dow, David Hartney, and Bill Rogers are all staff members of First Hand Learning, Inc. Synopsis Here's some advice for teachers looking for science instruction to supplement their science textbooks and kits: Take it outside! Conducting science investigations beyond the four walls of the classroom is one of the best ways for young people to develop scientific thinking and to practice gathering and analyzing their own data. Outdoor Inquiries is the clear, concise handbook that shows you how. Outdoor Inquiries takes you step by step through guiding intermediate and middle level students to new and deeper understandings of scientific content, thinking, and procedures. From smart, pragmatic advice-including how to select an appropriate site for investigation, what to bring with you, and how to ensure student safety-to powerful, detailed lesson plans, suggestions for crosscurricular integration, and useful ideas for assessment, Outdoor Inquiries offers everything you need to get started. It outlines five interrelated strategies to use with students as they investigate their local environment: journal keeping, mapping, collection making, field-guide development, behavior study. In addition, detailed classroom vignettes from a variety of settings demonstrate how each inquiry strategy helps your students meet several recommendations of the National Science Education Standards by engaging them in: close observation, long-term data gathering, the generation of thoughtful questions, data analysis. Step outside the usual kit-based science instruction. Nurture the inquiries of your science learners by helping them apply critical thinking skills to the real world as they make meaningful connections to their natural, dynamic local environment. Use Outdoor Inquiries and discover that whenit comes to teaching science, the outside world can be your most effective instructional tool. About the Author: Patricia McGlashan, Kristen Gasser, Peter Dow, David Hartney, and Bill Rogers are all staff members of First Hand Learning, Inc.
 

Outdoor Navigation With GPS: Hiking, Geocaching, Canoeing, Kayaking, Fishing, Outdoor Photography, Backpacking, Mountain Biking

Author: Hinch, Stephen W.
Key Words: gps, geocaching, outdoor sports,
Description: Editorial Reviews Review "Stephen W. Hinch is a breath of fresh air...[this book] is expert advice from a very experienced teacher." -- Fred Zahradnik, About.com GPS, February 2008 Product Description Whether you're hiking, fishing, kayaking, cross-country skiing, or taking a mountain bike ride in the backcountry, a GPS receiver can help you reach your destination and return safely--but only if you know how to use it! Outdoor Navigation with GPS, the most complete, easy-to-use GPS book available, is your guide to getting the most out of a receiver, from basic consumer advice to advanced techniques. Starting with essential definitions such as UTM coordinate systems, position formats, and map datums, and moving on to creating "waypoints," and using your GPS with a computer, long-time GPS instructor Stephen W. Hinch breaks down the jargon and teaches you what you really need to know. An emphasis on practical applications over technical theory. Examples include illustrative screenshots from the newest receivers--from top companies like Garmin, Magellan, and DeLorme. Lists up-to-date Web resources for the rapidly changing technology of GPS and its uses.
 

Over the Rivers

Author: Collier, Michael
Key Words: Earth Science, geology, rivers, erosion, weathering,ES3-5.4, Es3-5.12, ES6-8.6, ES9-12.3
Description: The science of the Earth in all its splendor. Over the Rivers is the second volume in the exciting Aerial View of Geology series (the first was the highly praised Over the Mountains). As as a geologist, one of America's premier aerial photographers and a gifted science writer, Michael Collier is exceptionally well qualified to present these spectacular landscapes and stunning aerial photographs that vividly demonstrate geological processes. Vivid text and clear captions guide readers through the exciting photographs, enhancing their understanding of fundamental geological processes. Collier explores, for example: How a 6,000-foot-deep canyon was carved out by the erosive power of a single river How violent tectonic forces millions of years ago vaulted a river over a mountain Why one river takes its time meandering, another suddenly drops over a cliff, and a third slowly separates into a sprawling delta. Over the Rivers inspires as it informs, and dazzles as it enlightens.
 

Papa, Please Get the Moon for Me

Author: Carle, Eric (Author, Illustrator)
Key Words: childrens books
Description: A simple story, briefly told, which revolves around the waxing and waning of the moon. Monica asks Papa to bring her the moon, that she might play with it. By dint of "a very long ladder" and a mountain, Papa reaches the moon, waits until it becomes smaller, and obligingly retrieves it. Of course the moon continues to shrink and soon disappears, but a few nights later Monica sees it once again in the sky, where it begins to grow anew. Many of the pages fold out to double their size, which will delight young listeners but may be awkward for the storyteller during a group experience. Carle's illustrations are up to his usual excellence, bright and uncluttered, with the benignant moon a dominant feature. The flaw here is a weak ending; children are not exactly left hanging, but neither is there a strong sense of conclusion. While this is not a pourquoi tale in the true sense of the word, the changing moon is a familiar subject, and the illustrations have enough merit to attract children. PreSchool-Grade 1
 

Planet Earth: 25 Environmental Projects You Can Build Yourself

Author: Reilly, Kathleen
Key Words: Earth Science, ecology, global warming, alternative energy technology,ES3-5.8, ES6-8.3, ES6-8.4, ES9-12.1, ES9-12.2, LS3-5.11, LS6-8.14, LS9-12.6, TE9-12.3, TE9-12.4, TE9-12.5
Description: Both comprehensive and approachable, this title in the Projects You Can Build Yourself series combines explanations of science concepts and environmental issues with hands-on projects. Initial chapters offer basic facts about earth and life sciences, beginning with a discussion of what's usually meant by the term the environment. Later chapters explore threats to the planet's health in a survey of pollution and global warming. Throughout, terms appear in bold type and then are defined in frequent “Words to Know” boxes. Elementary- and middle-school students will find the succinct overview of the facts very useful, and they'll welcome the clearly presented projects, which range from a granola recipe that will teach them about native foods around the globe to handmade card games for multiple players. Extensive further readings and an eye-catching design filled with drawings complete a title that while educating kids about the environment steers them past despair with the reminder that every individual action helps: Some changes are better than none. Grades 4-7.
 

Planet Earth: As You've Never Seen It Before

Author: Fothergill, Alastair
Key Words: earth science, life science, ecology
Description: This is the companion volume to the BBC/Discovery Channel series Planet Earth, narrated by renowned naturalist and pioneer of the nature documentary Sir David Attenborough and produced by Fothergill. The two paired up to create the series The Blue Planet (1998), the first natural history documentary presented in high definition, and now Fothergill presents a collection of more than 400 photographs that focus on what is most wonderful about the living world. He takes readers on a whirlwind tour from the frozen poles to the great forests, across the Great Plains and great sands, up to the mountain heights, down into the underworld, into fresh water and rain forests, over to shallow seas and down to the ocean depths, capturing the wonders of plant and animal life. A superb wake-up call to protect the treasures of the planet that sustain, and enrich, us, Planet Earth is a feast for the eyes and soul, presented with the best and latest technology.
 

The Popcorn Book

Author: dePaola, Tomie
Key Words: Physical Science, childrens books, childrens illustration, cooking, tomie depaola
Description: PreK-2. Presents a variety of facts about popcorn and includes two recipes.
 

Praying Mantises: Hungry Insect Heroes

Author: Markle, Sandra
Key Words: Life Science, Praying mantis; adaptations; life cycle; LS3-5.3, LS3-5.6, LS3-5.8, LS6-8.14, LS9-12.6
Description: Look quickly and you might just see one of nature's insect heroes on the hunt--praying mantises! With their incredible hunting skills, mantises help rid farms and gardens of insect pests that bother humans. Praying mantises have big eyes that face forward, heads that can turn, and spines on their front legs to spear their prey. And they are stealthy. Even tiny newly hatched mantises know how to remain still and hide until a prey insect appears. Then--like lightning-- the mantis strikes! In this exciting book, you can learn what makes a praying mantis similar to and different from other insects. Close-up photographs and diagrams reveal extraordinary details about mantis bodies, both inside and out. And you can perform an activity that helps you understand just how quickly praying mantises can react while hunting. Are you faster than a mantis? Learn more about this heroic member of nature's fascinating Insect World!
 

Predators

Author: Seidensticker, John
Key Words: life science, Predatory animals; food chain; ecology; ecosystems;LS3-5.5, LS3-5.6, LS3-5.7, LS3-5.8, LS3-5.10, LS6-8.10, LS6-8.13, LS6-8.14, LS9-12.6
Description: Track Down Predators Insiders brings predators to life, with the most up-to-date information and state-of-the-art 3-D illustrations that practically leap off every page, stimulating minds and imaginations in a whole new way.
 

Primary Science: Taking the Plunge

Author: Harlen, Wynne
Key Words: pedagogy
Description: When Primary Science was first published, it provided such valuable insight into the teacher's role in the science classroom that it quickly became the standard against which all other methods texts were measured. Now, sixteen years later, Wynne Harlen has revised her classic text, updating it with the most recent and pertinent research, while preserving the parts that have endured and need no change. Primary Science is written for preservice and inservice classroom teachers in primary, elementary, and middle schools. It is particularly aimed at generalist teachers, who may not see themselves as "science teachers," yet have to teach science. But is also for science specialists and curriculum directors or leaders who are attempting to ensure that students' science activities offer genuine learning experiences. To that end, the book provides direct and detailed advice on what kinds of questions teachers should ask, how teachers can respond to children's "difficult" questions, how to develop and assess children's process skills, and how to support children's understandings through inquiry. No other text is quite so accessible. The ideas Harlen presents are firmly grounded in classroom practice and illustrated by numerous classroom examples. Each chapter ends with a summary of main points that will enable readers to locate advice quickly and refer back to detailed discussions.
 

The Raft

Author: Lamarche, Jim (Illustrator)
Key Words: multigenerational
Description: Amazon.com Imagine passing a summer drifting up and down a slow-moving river, watching as cranes, turtles, raccoons, otters, and ducks grow accustomed to your presence. Envision days spent poling the raft through lily pads and grasses, glimpsing foxes through the trees on shore. On hot, sticky nights, picture a tent set up on the raft, from which you have an unobstructed view of huge bucks drinking from the moonlit river. Nicky has no idea what he's getting into when his father drops him off for the summer at his grandmother's cottage in the woods. And he's not especially pleased at the prospect. "There's nobody to play with ... She doesn't even have a TV." But this "river rat" is not the normal kind of grandma. Without pushing, she quietly allows Nicky to discover for himself the wonders of river life. Gradually, Nicky's interest in drawing the wildlife he sees brings him closer to his artist grandmother, and to an inner peace that looks as though it will last for a lifetime. Jim LaMarche draws on his own childhood summer experiences for this lovely, serene story. As the light and weather change through the summer, the river reflects all the beauty of the season. LaMarche has illustrated many remarkable and award-winning picture books, including the magical Little Oh and The Rainbabies. (Ages 4 to 9) --Emilie Coulter --This text refers to the Hardcover edition. From Publishers Weekly Nicky's summer vacation in the Wisconsin woods fills up with quiet adventures when he discovers a raft covered with drawings of wild animals. PW's starred review praised the "exquisitely rendered" pastel drawings that "bathe the images in the bewitching glow of a riverfront dawn and dusk." Ages 6-up. (June) Copyright 2002 Reed Business Information, Inc.
 

Ready, Set, SCIENCE!: Putting Research to Work in K-8 Science Classrooms

Author: Michaels, Sarah
Key Words: pedagogy, lessons, research applications
Description: What types of instructional experiences help K-8 students learn science with understanding? What do science educators teachers, teacher leaders, science specialists, professional development staff, curriculum designers, school administrators need to know to create and support such experiences? "Ready, Set, Science!" guides the way with an account of the groundbreaking and comprehensive synthesis of research into teaching and learning science in kindergarten through eighth grade.Based on the recently released National Research Council report Taking Science to School: Learning and Teaching Science in Grades K-8, this book summarizes a rich body of findings from the learning sciences and builds detailed cases of science educators at work to make the implications of research clear, accessible, and stimulating for a broad range of science educators. "Ready, Set, Science!" is filled with classroom case studies that bring to life the research findings and help readers to replicate success. Most of these stories are based on real classroom experiences that illustrate the complexities that teachers grapple with every day.They show how teachers work to select and design rigorous and engaging instructional tasks, manage classrooms, orchestrate productive discussions with culturally and linguistically diverse groups of students, and help students make their thinking visible using a variety of representational tools. This book will be an essential resource for science education practitioners and contains information that will be extremely useful to everyone including parents directly or indirectly involved in the teaching of science.
 

Reduce and Reuse

Author: Hewitt, Sally
Key Words: Life science, physical science, recycle;ecology;earth science;LS9-12.6, PS6-8.5, PS6-8.6, PS6-8.7, PS6-8.8, PS9-12.1, PS9-12.4
Description: Grade 3-6-Hewitt introduces readers to ways they can improve the environment individually and collectively. Besides standard suggestions for conserving energy, recycling, and reducing waste, the author notes how local actions such as buying fair-trade products can have a global impact. Although some vocabulary and photos reveal the books UK origins, case studies and photos highlight environmental projects around the world, including the work of international organizations such as Water Aid and UNICEF. Small photos and headings over brief paragraphs lend a busy quality to spreads that consider multiple aspects of a topic. Action suggestions appear throughout each volume along with a larger project, such as setting up a family recycling program, outlined in a couple of pages at the end. Some overlap exists between Reduce and Waste as well as between Environment and Energy, Waste, Reduce, and Water.
 

The Remarkable Farkle McBride

Author: Lithgow, John
Key Words: sound, instruments, perseverance
Description: No stranger to music (he released a CD for children titled "Singin' in the Bathtub"), actor Lithgow pens a romp of a tale about a prodigy whose quest for the perfect instrument leads him through virtually every section of the orchestra. "When Farkle McBride was a three-year-old tyke,/ All freckle-y, bony, and thin,/ He astonished his friends and his family alike/ By playing superb violin." After his debut, the easily dissatisfied diminutive genius trades in his fiddle for a flute ("He went Rootle-ee/ Tootle-ee/ Tootle-ee Too/ With all of the winds at his side"), then a trombone and subsequently percussion, all to no avail. Not until he steps in for an ill conductor does he finds his niche; a gatefold spread shows him ("satisfied!") in front of "all the instruments he ever tried." Lithgow's nimble verse with a limerick's beat sparkles as he introduces readers to the various instruments and their sounds. Payne's outrageously droll mixed media illustrations, with their blend of caricature and realism, recall Kathryn Hewitt's work in Lives of the Musicians. Although Farkle is remarkably difficult to please, his tale may well strike a chord with anyone who's ever made overtures at musicianship. Ages 4-8.
 

Rise the Moon

Author: Colon, Raul
Key Words:
Description: This lyrical paean to the moon describes lovely moments that the creatures of the Earth enjoy under moonlit skies. Soothing, dreamlike verse relates how a diverse group of humans from dancers to astronomers relate to lunar magic. The moon also casts a spell over a lunar moth, an alley cat, a herd of sea turtles, and a pack of wolves whose natural rhythms are governed by the lunar cycle. Col-n's distinctive illustrations full of cobalt and golden hues match the rich, glowing cadences of this delightful lullaby. The bedtime reading ritual is sure to be enriched by this poetic way to end the day. PreS-Gr. 2
 

Rivers and Oceans

Author: Taylor, Barbara
Key Words: Earth science, Rivers; water cycle;ES3-5.10, ES3-5.11, ES3-5.12, ES6-8.6, ES9-12.3, PS3-5.4, PS6-8.13
Description:

Where are the world's longest rivers located? How do oceans change the shape of the land? How do we measure the speed of a river's current? Readers will learn the answer to these questions and more.

About the Author - Barbara Taylor has written and edited numerous books for children including Kingfisher's Young Discoverers: Geography Facts and Experiments series.


 

Rivers of America

Author: Palmer, Tim
Key Words: water cycle, earth science, rivers, ecology, conservation
Description: Rivers have fed Palmer's imagination and commanded his attention for decades as an explorer (he has canoed or rafted down nearly 300), conservationist, photographer, and writer. Here he presents 200 awe-inspiring photographs of American rivers in all seasons and moods in every region of the country. Deliberately focusing on natural and unspoiled waterways, Palmer has taken breathtaking shots that capture the motion, power, and vitality of flowing water as well as framing the grace of the grasses, trees, and animals that depend on streams great and small. In his persuasive commentary, he reminds us that there would be no life without water and that "rivers are the water supply of the world." He then reveals what his photographs do not: the hard fact that nearly half of America's rivers are polluted and endangered, jeopardizing countless ecosystems. Rivers recover, however, and Palmer reports with all due enthusiasm on the efforts of river conservation groups, thus creating a book of river art and advocacy that is sumptuous, informative, and hopeful.
 

Rock & Mineral

Author: Symes, R.F.
Key Words: earth science, minerals, rocks;ES3-5.1, ES3-5.2, ES3-5.3, ES6-8.2, ES6-8.5, ES6-8.6, Es6-8.7
Description: "Most of the text is in captions for the profuse and excellent color illustrations. Accurate, authoritative, and clear."--Bulletin, Center for Children's Books.

"Both a student and browser/hobbyist's delight."--Booklist.

  
 

The Rock Factory: The Story About the Rock Cycle

Author: Bailey
Key Words: rocks, field guide, geology, minerals
Description: Product Description Explains the formation of rocks and minerals, and includes information on volcanoes. A
 

Rotten Logs and Forest Floors

Author: Cooper, Sharon Katz
Key Words: forest floor, worms, ants, rotten logs
Description: Editorial Reviews Product Description Books in the "Horrible Habitats" series take you on a tour of some of the world's most disgusting habitats. Each book uses vivid photographs and exciting design to introduce readers to creepy and crawly creatures living in some unexpected places. Read this book to learn about the gooey and gross creatures that call Rotten Logs and Forest Floors their homes. About the Author Sharon Katz Cooper is a Heinemann-Raintree author.
 

Science Formative Assessment: 75 Practical Strategies for Linking Assessment, Instruction, and Learning

Author: Keeley, Page
Key Words: assessment, science, curriculum, achievement, biology, pedagogy
Description: These 75 specific techniques help K-12 science teachers determine students' understanding of key concepts. "Page Keeley does it again! This book should be on the desk of all classroom teachers. Teachers will reach for it time and again as they use best practices that include appropriate formative assessment strategies." (Beverly Cox, Elementary Science Coordinator ) "After years of struggling with 'Do they get it?' I can now teach and check for student comprehension in an engaging manner. This book allows me to monitor their understanding without waiting for quiz or test results." (Susan German, Science Teacher )
 

Science in Seconds for Kids: Over 100 Experiments You Can Do in Ten Minutes or Less

Author: Potter, Jean
Key Words: Life science, earth science, geology, biology, activities, lessons, experiments
Description: Make lightning in your room! Keep paper dry under water! Lose weight by going upstairs! See colors that aren't there! Experience the magic of science with these quick, easy experiments and activities from Jean Potter. You can complete each activity in ten fun-filled minutes or less. Clear, step-by-step instructions and illustrations help you get it right every time. The projects help you learn about everything from why eggs aren't round to how submarines surface and submerge. You will find most of the required materials already in your home, backyard, or neighborhood, and you can perform the experiments practically anywhere. The 108 activities in this book cover twelve different subject areas, including air, animals, energy, gravity, magnetism, light, the human body, and much more. You'll make a rainbow right on your floor, pop a balloon with a magnifying glass, make a coffee can roll back to you after you've pushed it away, and bend water as it streams from your faucet-all with the help of a leading educator. Children Ages 8-12
 

Science Notebooks: Writing About Inquiry

Author: Campbell, Brian
Key Words: pedagogy; Writing; Inquiry
Description: From Galileo to scientists working on cloning, notebooks have been used to document scientific discovery. Science notebooks are also effective tools in the classroom. They make science experiences more meaningful and authentic for students as they observe, record, and reflect on what they've learned. For time-strapped teachers, notebooks offer a natural way to integrate science and language arts. Brian Campbell and Lori Fulton spent four years investigating the use of science notebooks by students, teachers, and practicing scientists. This book not only details what they learned, it serves as a ready resource of strategies and methods for teachers to incorporate science notebooks into their school day. Along the way, the book intersperses additional help: Classroom vignettes demonstrate how science notebooks actually function in class. Student samples allow readers to see student entries at a variety of levels. Thinking points throughout link ideas presented in the book to practice and philosophical beliefs. Connections to standards--both the National Science Education Standards and the Standards for the English Language Arts - reinforce the rationale for using science notebooks to develop scientific concepts AND literacy. Use science notebooks and watch as your students write as scientists do, share their thinking, support their ideas with evidence, and improve their literacy through reading, writing, and speaking.
 

Sea Turtles

Author: Gibbons, Gail (Illustrator)
Key Words:
Description: Gibbons introduces sea turtles, air-breathing marine animals that have inhabited the earth since the time of the dinosaurs. She provides general information about this reptile family (including notable body characteristics, life cycle, and adaptations to life in salt water) and describes eight specific kinds of sea turtles. For each, she explains distinguishing features, diet, habitat, and size. She also discusses the problems of turtle survival and efforts by humans to protect these fascinating creatures. Gibbons' distinctive watercolor-and-ink illustrations help clarify the text and will intrigue young readers. Appended sections detail the differences between marine and land and freshwater species and offer additional sea turtle facts, making this a useful source for beginning report writers and interested browsers. Grade 2-4
 

Seashells by the Seashore

Author: Berkes, Marianne
Key Words: shells
Description: Ages 4-7. Through a lyrical counting rhyme, children accompany Sue as she walks the shore, collecting seashells for her grandmother. The rhythmic lines reinforce numbers 1 through 12, while describing individual shells and explaining what shells are and how they came to be on the sandy shore. The strongstroked watercolor art subtly educates, depicting not only the traditional sweep of wide, clean, swimmers' beach but also the rougher edges of the shore. It's along the shore that sea birds prowl alongside Sue, among the large, rough boulders and between the feathers, driftwood, and other ocean debris caught in tangles of dried seaweed and rocks. With each turn of the page, a new shell is discovered, identified, and displayed in the wide left margin. At rhyme's end, the text elaborates on the poem's basic facts, delivering details about each particular shell. A seashell identification chart completes an instructive shell hunt that children will enjoy even if they can't feel the sun on their backs or sand between their toes.
 

A Seed Is Sleepy

Author: Aston, Dianna Hutts
Key Words: plants;seeds;life science,LS3-5.2
Description: In this follow-up to An Egg Is Quiet (2006), the creators offer another beautifully illustrated introduction to an aspect of the natural world. This time, the topic is seeds, and once again, Long's masterful watercolors dominate each spread, which includes text on two levels. Short poetic phrases in large print, aimed at younger children, give seeds accessible, anthropomorphic qualities: "A seed is sleepy"; "A seed is adventurous." Paragraphs in smaller print, which tackle science concepts and expand on the phrases, are geared to older readers. The format, with little space devoted to text, doesn't always allow for thorough explanations, and kids will need help with many facts and terms. But the elegant watercolor pictures, which include helpful charts depicting a seed's growth into a plant, will pull children into the basic botany, while the pages filled with enticingly detailed seeds, both common and exotic, will encourage kids to wonder about the plant world's mysterious, gorgeous spectrum of possibilities.
 

Seeds

Author: Robbins, Ken (Illustrator)
Key Words: life science, seeds, ecology;PreK-3, LS3-5.3, LS3-5.8, LS3-5.9
Description: PreS-Gr. 3. Robbins uses a simple text and many crisp, large-scale photos to introduce seeds to young children. A typical double-page spread presents a single plant and its seeds or several plants whose seeds are similar. A few sentences in large type comment on the specific topic, and color photos, often close-ups of plants or seeds, are silhouetted against white pages. The artwork is striking and effective, but the organization and content of the text are weaker. For example, the sentence "From the seeds that farmers sow, in the spring and summer come wonderful fruits--delicious, sweet plums and cherries, peaches, apricots, and many others" needs some interpretation from an adult. Fruit trees, even seeds from the fruits named, are usually said to be planted rather than sown, and a hopeful child who plants a peach pit will wait many summers for the fruit. Still, preschool and primary-grade teachers will appreciate this for the clarity and beauty of its illustrations.
 

The Sense of Wonder

Author: Carson, Rachel
Key Words: nature;earth science;biology;inquiry
Description: First published more than three decades ago, this reissue of Rachel Carson's award-winning classic brings her unique vision to a new generation of readers. Stunning new photographs by Nick Kelsh beautifully complement Carson's intimate account of adventures with her young nephew, Roger, as they enjoy walks along the rocky coast of Maine and through dense forests and open fields, observing wildlife, strange plants, moonlight and storm clouds, and listening to the "living music" of insects in the underbrush. "If a child is to keep alive his inborn sense of wonder." Writes Carson, "he needs the companionship of at least one adult who can share it, rediscovering with him the joy, excitement and mystery of the world we live in." The Sense of Wonder is a refreshing antidote to indifference and a guide to capturing the simple power of discovery that Carson views as essential to life. In her insightful new introduction, Linda Lear remembers Rachel Carson's groundbreaking achievements in the context of the legendary environmentalist's personal commitment to introducing young and old to the miracles of nature. Kelsh's lush photographs inspire sensual, tactile reactions: masses of leaves floating in a puddle are just waiting to be scooped up and examined more closely. An image of a narrow path through the trees evokes the earthy scent of the woods after a summer rain. Close-ups of mosses and miniature lichen fantasy-lands will spark innocent'as well as more jaded'imaginations. Like a curious child studying things underfoot and within reach, Kelsh's camera is drawn to patterns in nature that too often elude hurried adults'a stand of beech trees in the springtime, patches of melting snow and the ripples from a pebble tossed into a slow-moving stream. The Sense of Wonder is a timeless volume that will be passed on from children to grandchildren, as treasured as the memory of an early-morning walk when the song of a whippoorwill was heard as if for the first time.
 

Seven Blind Mice

Author: Young, Ed (Author, Illustrator)
Key Words: childrens books, kids, folklore, judgment
Description: In a stunning celebration of color Caldecott medalist Young ( Lon Po Po ) offers a vibrant variation on the fable of the blind men trying to identify an elephant. Seven differently-hued blind mice approach the "strange Something" in their midst on successive days and report their findings to the group. A large black square provides the background for each painting, a dramatic contrast to the brilliant images "felt" by the sightless rodents. Young's textured, cut-paper illustrations allow readers to visualize just how a floppy ear might be mistaken for a fan ("I felt it move!"); the elephant's curving trunk springs to life as both a jewel-green snake and a glowing yellow spear. The spare text permits greater exploration and enjoyment of the artwork--it may be difficult to read the story straight through without stopping to compare the various images. The "Mouse Moral" that concludes the tale--"Knowing in part may make a fine tale, but wisdom comes from seeing the whole"--may seem superfluous to those who prefer the imaginative "vision" of the mice. Ages 4-up.
 

She's Such a Geek: Women Write About Science, Technology, and Other Nerdy Stuff

Author: Newitz, Annalee (Editor)
Key Words: technology and engineering, women in science
Description: She's Such a Geek is a groundbreaking anthology that celebrates women who have flourished in the male-dominated realms of technical and cultural arcana. Editors Annalee Newitz and Charlie Anders bring together a diverse range of critical and personal essays about the meaning of female nerdhood by women who are in love with genomics, obsessed with blogging, learned about sex from Dungeons and Dragons, and aren't afraid to match wits with men or computers. More than anything, She's Such a Geek is a celebration and call to arms: it's a hopeful book which looks forward to a day when women will invent molecular motors, design the next ultra-tiny supercomputer, and run the government.
 

Sky Tree: Seeing Science Through Art

Author: Christiansen, Candace
Key Words: trees, art, earth science
Description: In his familiar lyrical style, Locker depicts the same tree throughout the seasons, but with a startling visual effect that will make readers sit up and take notice. After its leaves have dropped, the tree's bare branches are "clothed" in the same shape by being limned against clouds, holes in clouds, different skies, and even a flock of birds. The effect is as lovely as anything the artist has ever done. Each painting faces a brief appreciative caption printed in slightly enlarged type, plus a question designed to elicit responses to what viewers see (and further discussion in an appendix). However, some of the questions are leading ("Why does this painting make you feel sad?"), and the prose is less than careful: "By the end of the day many leaves began to fall, first one and then another." Text and pictures do not always correlate either; despite reference to "the weight of the heavy snow," the tree opposite shows only a dusting. Though appealing in several ways, Locker adds analytical comments about color and composition that are particularly illuminating. The writing here is not up to the standard set by the art. Grade 1-3
 

The Sky's the Limit: Stories of Discovery by Women and Girls

Author: Thimmesh, Catherine
Key Words: technology and engineering, physical science, earth science, women's studies,TE6-8, TE3-5, TE9-12, PS3-5, PS6-8, ES6-8, PS9-12
Description: The enlightening volume, designed like a scrapbook with collage elements, drawings and photos, places well-known women, such as author Beatrix Potter and behaviorist Jane Goodall, alongside lesser-known figures such as Denise Schmandt-Besserat, who discovered the "roots of writing," and contemporary teens, eighth graders from Spokane, Wash., who in 1997 developed an environmentally sound solution to the local farmers' allergic complications, arising from their annual burning of the bluegrass fields. Back matter includes a list of organizations, Web sites, quotes, bibliography, a timeline of women's discoveries and an index.
 

The Snowflake : A Water Cycle Story

Author: Waldman, Neil
Key Words: earth science, snowflakes;water cycle;ES3-5.4, ES3-5.7, ES3-5.10, ES3-5.11, ES9-12.3, PS3-5.2, PS3-5.3
Description: Grade 1-5-A beautiful take on the water cycle. Waldman traces the journey of a single drop of water throughout the year, with each month receiving its own spread. The water begins as a snowflake that melts into a droplet, flows into the ground, bubbles up in a spring, flows into a farm's irrigation system, evaporates into the morning fog, becomes part of a cloud, rains down, enters a plumbing system, washes a little girl's face, flows out to the ocean, gets swept onto the shore and evaporates into the sky to become a snowflake once more. The clear text is undeniably lyrical: "It flowed past fields of waving sea grasses, over corals of many colors, and into the mouth of a great striped fish." The real stunners here, though, are the dazzling, cool-toned paintings that convey the wonders of nature with delicate precision. A must for libraries and science classrooms.
 

Snowflake Bentley

Author: Martin, Jacqueline Briggs
Key Words: earth science; weather;ES3-5.4, ES3-5.7, ES3-5.10, ES3-5.11, ES9-12.3, PS3-5.2, PS3-5.3
Description: Azarian's (A Farmer's Alphabet) handsome woodcuts provide a homespun backdrop to Martin's (Grandmother Bryant's Pocket) brief biography of a farmboy born in 1865 on the Vermont snowbelt who never lost his fascination with snowflakes. Wilson A. Bentley spent 50 years pioneering the scientific study of ice crystals, and developed a technique of microphotography that allowed him to capture the hexagonal shapes and prove that no two snowflakes are alike. Martin conveys Bentley's passion in lyrical language ("snow was as beautiful as butterflies, or apple blossoms"), and punctuates her text with frequent sidebars packed with intriguing tidbits of information (though readers may be confused by the two that explain Bentley's solution of how to photograph the snowflakes). Hand-tinted with watercolors and firmly anchored in the rural 19th century, Azarian's woodcuts evoke an era of sleighs and woodstoves, front porches and barn doors, and their bold black lines provide visual contrast to the delicate snowflakes that float airily in the sidebars. A trio of Bentley's ground-breaking black-and-white photographs of snowflakes, along with a picture and quote from him about his love for his work, is the icing that tops off this attractive volume. Ages 4-8.
 

Snowflakes in Photographs

Author: Bentley, W. A.
Key Words: Earth Science; snowflakes, bentley, meteorology, weather, photo essays, snow;ES3-5.4, ES3-5.7, ES3-5.10, ES3-5.11, ES9-12.3, PS3-5.2, PS3-5.3
Description: Remarkable revelations of nature’s diversity, revealed in hundreds of snowflake images taken by American photographer W .A. Bentley during a 50-year period. Over 850 illustrations of snow crystals, with no two designs exactly alike, will inspire artists, designers, and craftspeople in search of extraordinary patterns for textiles, wallpaper, and other creative projects.
 

Soil Science Simplified

Author: Kohnke, Helmut
Key Words: soil, horticulture
Description: Product Description This useful handbook was written for those who want to become acquainted with the basic concepts and principles of soils but are not ready for an extensive study. Includes an assortment of helpful tables, maps and line drawings.
 

Sound

Author: Karpelenia, Jenny
Key Words: Physical Science, technology and engineering;PS3-5.11
Description: Explore the world of sound - how it's created, measured, and used in everyday life.
 

The Sourcebook for Teaching Science, Grades 6-12: Strategies, Activities, and Instructional Resources

Author: Herr, Norman
Key Words: science, education, science education, biolgy text - teaching, experiments
Description: The Sourcebook for Teaching Science is a unique, comprehensive resource designed to give middle and high school science teachers a wealth of information that will enhance any science curriculum. Filled with innovative tools, dynamic activities, and practical lesson plans that are grounded in theory, research, and national standards, the book offers both new and experienced science teachers powerful strategies and original ideas that will enhance the teaching of physics, chemistry, biology, and the earth and space sciences. Each section of The Sourcebook for Teaching Science offers experiments, demonstrations, illustrations, games, puzzles, analogies, lessons, activities, and strategies for adapting the material for diverse student populations. Each topic is also supported by extensive background material that provides the scientific, organizational, and teaching principles needed to implement the lessons successfully. In addition, the book offers key information, lessons, and activities that will help students develop scientific literacy, reasoning, understanding, problem solving, and research skills. The Sourcebook for Teaching Science also incorporates technological resources for teaching and learning science, including a free companion Web site, sciencesourcebook.com.
 

Space Rocks: The Story of Planetary Geologist Adriana Ocampo

Author: Hopping, Lorraine Jean
Key Words: argentina, biography, craters, immigrant, jpl, planets, rocks, space, young adult, asteroids
Description: Editorial Reviews Product Description Adriana Ocampo grew up in Buenos Aires, Argentina, dreaming about exploring planets. She never doubted that all her dreams would come true someday. How did Adriana land a job with NASA, the U.S. space agency, while still in her teens? How did a robot parked on Mars make her fall in love with rocks-and instantly decide to become a planetary geologist? Adriana's imagination and can-do attitude have led her to a life of science adventures. She helped find the missing Crater of Doom, a hole blasted out of the Earth by a "killer" space rock 65 million years ago, when the dinosaurs died out. Now she's searching the world for the stuff that came from that crater. Between rock digs, she explores other planets through the electronic eyes of NASA's robotic spacecraft. Space Rocks is the engaging story of a scientist and her science. To tell this true tale of adventure, author Lorraine Jean Hopping drew on firsthand accounts from Adriana and her friends, family, and colleagues. How did an imaginative young girl with a dream of space exploration become a planetary geologist? The life story of Adriana Ocampo will intrigue and inspire readers of all ages. Book Description Adriana Ocampo grew up in Buenos Aires, Argentina, dreaming about exploring planets. She never doubted that all her dreams would come true someday. How did Adriana land a job with NASA, the U.S. space agency, while still in her teens? How did a robot parked on Mars make her fall in love with rocks--and instantly decide to become a planetary geologist? Adriana's imagination and can-do attitude have led her to a life of science adventures. Adriana helped find the missing Crater of Doom, a hole blasted out of Earth by a 'killer' space rock 65 million years ago, when the dinosaurs died out. Now she's searching the world for the stuff that came from that crater. Between rock digs she explores other planets through the electronic eyes of NASA's robotic spacecraft. How did an imaginative young girl with a dream of space exploration become a planetary geologist? Author Lorraine Jean Hopping makes the woman and her science come to life on every page, delighting readers of all ages.
 

Straight to the Pole

Author: O'Malley, Kevin
Key Words: snowstorms
Description: PreSchool-Grade 3-Snuggly bundled from head to toe and carrying an oversized backpack, a young traveler sets out across a frozen landscape. The child bravely pushes on through swirling snowflakes, slipping and sliding through the knee-deep drifts, and finally falls to the ground with a theatrical, "Can't go on." When a floppy-eared dog appears on the horizon, the youngster calls it a wolf and thinks, "I'm doomed. Lost and alone-." After the beast is put at bay with a pat and a hug, two rescuers appear to announce that "school has been closed for the day!" The last page shows the backpack left leaning against the pole mentioned in the title, which holds up the sign for the bus stop. O'Malley maintains a humorous melodramatic tone throughout the brief text, but the real story is in his textured watercolors, which are presented on eye-catching spreads. Attention remains tightly focused on the brightly clothed main character, while the backgrounds glow with dense purples and grays. The blizzardlike conditions and lack of visibility make the protagonist's game of pretend all the more believable. Dialogue balloons containing quips such as "I told Mom this would happen" add to the fun. The short text, simple language, and large print will encourage beginning readers, while the read-aloud crowd will be attracted to the vivid artwork and amusing situation.
 

Strong Force: The Story of Physicist Shirley Ann Jackson

Author: O'Connell, Diane
Key Words: theoretical physicist
Description: Editorial Reviews Product Description Shirley Ann Jackson sees the unseen. She's an expert in the invisible particles that make up everything in the universe, including you. Shirley is a theoretical physicist, a scientist who studies the subatomic world using only paper, pencils, computers, and the most important tool of all: her imagination. Shirley's passion for science blossomed during her childhood, with bumblebee experiments and go-cart races. But it's her talent for math and her drive to succeed that have taken her career in amazing directions. Shirley uses her knowledge of electrons, neutrinos, and other particles of matter to better the lives of others-from solving important technology problems to teaching college physics to making nuclear power plants safer. A natural-born leader, Shirley has always seized opportunities and broken down racial barriers, not only for herself but for others. Strong Force is the compelling story of an African American scientist and her science. To tell this true story of adventure, author Diane O'Connell drew on firsthand accounts from Shirley and her friends, family, and colleagues. How did a young bee collector grow up to be a world-renowned physicist? The life story of Shirley Ann Jackson will intrigue and inspire readers of all ages. Book Description Shirley Ann Jackson sees the unseen. She's an expert in the invisible particles that make up everything in the universe, including you. Shirley Ann Jackson is a theoretical physicist, a scientist who studies the subatomic world using only paper, pencils, computers, and the most important tool of all: her imagination. Her passion for science blossomed during her childhood, with bumblebee experiments and go-cart races. But it's her talent for math and her drive to succeed that have taken her career in amazing directions. Shirley uses her knowledge of electrons, neutrinos, and other particles of matter to better the lives of others--from solving important technology problems to teaching college physics to making nuclear power plants safer. A born leader, Shirley has always seized opportunities and broken down racial barriers, not only for herself but for others. Strong Force is the compelling story of an African American trailblazer and her science. Compelling and captivating, this true story of adventure traces the life of a an African American Trailblazer and her science. Compelling and captivating, this true story of adventure traces the life of a young bee collector who lived her dream of becoming a world-renowned physicist.
 

T-Minus: The Race to the Moon

Author: Ottaviani, Jim
Key Words: graphic novel, science, comics, history, rocketry, space exploration, apollo, books for boys, moon,
Description: Editorial Reviews From School Library Journal Grade 7 Up-Beginning 12 years before the lunar landing, this book chronicles the competition between the United States and the Soviet Union through a catalog of both countries' multiple attempts on the road to manned spaceflight. Organized as a countdown, making the outcome seem inevitable, the frequent, prominent sidebars list a type of rocket, the duration of its flight, and whether the mission was a success or a failure. There are more than 30 attempts chronicled, and the shift between Soviet and U.S. successes creates an interesting balance in the narrative. Ottaviani credits the early Russian successes to chief designer Korolev, and his influence and personal vision fill the first half of the book. The American portion of the narrative lacks a parallel central architect, with the text focusing less on process and more on the majesty, beauty, and peril of simply being in space. The story is necessarily condensed-the author notes that approximately 400,000 people worked on the U.S. projects overall-but plentiful information is provided in the numerous panels and explanatory captions per page. The copious detail will appeal to some, and certainly helps to underscore the meticulous research that went into this undertaking. Ottaviani is particular with facts and eager to inspire readers with regard to the scientific process.-Benjamin Russell, Belmont High School, NH END --This text refers to the Hardcover edition. Product Description Question: What happens when you take two global superpowers, dozens of daring pilots, thousands of engineers and scientists, and then point them at the night sky and say "Go!"? Answer: A SPACE RACE! The whole world Followed the countdown to sending the first men to the moon. T-Minus: The Race to the Moon is the story of the people who made it happen, both in the rockets and behind the scenes.
 

Taking Inquiry Outdoors: Reading, Writing, and Science Beyond the Classroom Walls

Author: Bourne, Barbara (Editor)
Key Words: science; pedagogy; scientific inquiry
Description: As national attention is focused on students' abilities to read and write effectively, instructional time allotted for science and other content-area disciplines is often decreased. Many teachers have discovered, however, that involving students in meaningful scientific inquiry provides them with authentic and motivating reasons to read, research, and write. Taking Inquiry Outdoors is written by a group of educators who have used the natural world as a setting for purposeful student learning and critical teacher reflection. Their stories are about more than just stepping out the door, more than offering students a breath of fresh air. For these teachers, the outdoors provides an authentic laboratory that promotes questions, investigations, reading, writing, listening, and sharing. Notes are kept, data collected, questions recorded, and observations documented. Children critically review their own experiences, place these experiences within the larger context of group findings, evaluate and compare data, generalize concepts, and, best of all, come up with new questions to explore. Contributors to Taking Inquiry Outdoors reflect on children and learning, on teaching, on science made understandable through reading, hands-on investigations, and writing. Their work will appeal to all elementary and middle school teachers who want to integrate reading, writing, and research across the elementary and middle school curriculum.
 

A Teacher's Guide to Drop Around the World: Lesson Plans for the Book a Drop Around the World

Author: Malnor, Bruce
Key Words: earth science, ecology, water supply, lessons;PreK-3, ES3-5.10
Description: A Teacher’s Guide to A Drop Around the World. Based on the vibrant verse of this water cycle picture book, the lesson plans present water in its ever-changing, ever-moving nature, from snow to steam, from polluted to purified, from stratus to subterranean, and from Maine to Mumbai.
 

Teaching About Climate Change

Author: Grant, Tim
Key Words: pedagogy, Climate change;global warming
Description:

This exciting compendium compiled from the pages of North America's leading green educator journal is packed with lesson plans, activities, experiments, and worksheets that teach about global warming. From calculating your school's CO2 emissions and Greenhouse experiments, to strategies for reducing school energy and supply consumption, Teaching About Climate Change provides the tools to get any classroom or community involved in making their school cool.

About the Author - Tim Grant and Gail Littlejohn have been the editors of Green Teacher, the world's best-selling environmental education magazine, for over a decade. Both have an education background and were high school teachers previously.


 

Teaching Physical Science through Children's Literature

Author: Gertz, Susan
Key Words: integrating science and reading
Description: Integrate science and language arts while emphasizing the process skills common to both areas.
  • Inspired by favorite stories
  • 20 complete lessons
  • Connects science and language arts
  • Reproducible pages
  • National Science Education Standards
  • Easy-to-understand explanations
Grades K-4
 

There's a Zoo on You

Author: Darling, Kathy
Key Words: Life Science, microbiology;LS6-8.1, LS6-8.2, LS9-12.1, LS9-12.2, LS9-12.4
Description: A picture-book introduction to the microorganisms that live on the human body. Beginning with the skin and moving to the respiratory system, mouth, and "guts," Darling explains that most microbes are harmless and may actually be helpful. The text is written in a clear, occasionally humorous style. The scientific vocabulary is highlighted in bold and then defined in small, colored sidebars. The index provides the only access to the material within the book, as there is no table of contents. The illustrations were created with the use of electron microscopy and computer coloring; some magnifications are hundreds or even thousands of times larger than the actual organisms. The cover picture, which features a boy who appears to be around nine, may attract younger readers than the intended audience. Filling a need for newer material in the health area, this title presents valuable information in an accessible format. Gr 4-8
 

Tracking and the Art of Seeing: How to Read Animal Tracks and Sign

Author: Rezendes, Paul
Key Words: inquiry, observation, life science, ecology;LS3-5.5, LS3-5.6, LS3-5.7, LS3-5.10, LS6-8.12, LS6-8.13, LS6-8.14, LS9-12.6
Description: A good observer of nature, walking, say, in an oak forest, may discern that some of the acorns on which he or she is treading are broken into little bits. After reading wildlife interpreter and photographer Paul Rezendes's guidebook to animal signs, that same observer will be able to tell which of those acorns have been split by human footsteps and deer hooves and which have been gnawed apart by squirrels--and by what species of squirrel. A wonderfully thorough, well-illustrated compendium, Rezendes's text covers a wide range of North American animal species, including rodents, hoofed animals, bears, raccoons, opossums, and members of the weasel, rabbit, dog, and cat families. He describes not only the signs these animals leave but also their ways of life throughout the year, and with an appropriately environmentalist purpose. "Ultimately," Rezendes writes, "tracking an animal makes us sensitive to it--a bond is formed, an intimacy develops. We begin to realize that what is happening to the animals and to the planet is actually happening to us." He's right, of course, but one need not take such a macrocosmic view of nature to take pleasure in, and learn from, this fine book.
 

Trees & Forests of America

Author: Palmer, Tim
Key Words: Earth science, life science, trees, forests, ecology, conservation
Description: Trees & Forests of America is an unprecedented collection of 200 stunning photographs by award-winning author Tim Palmer. Along with breath-taking images, his expressive text celebrates the exquisite beauty of nature and explains why trees and forests are important to all life. In this remarkable volume of unaltered photos it is easy to get lost in sunbeams shining through green canopies or in the sky-reaching rise of the largest living organisms on earth. Here the author of Abrams' highly acclaimed Rivers of America continues to document and capture the beauty of America from one coast to the other as he treks, skis, and paddles to some of our most remote woodlands as well as to those at the edges of towns and cities. This lavish book is sure to inspire readers to more fully appreciate trees and forests everywhere.
 

Turtle Bay

Author: Mistry, Nilesh (Illustrator)
Key Words: science
Description: The setting?a protected beach in Japan, washed by warm coastal waters?is the most important element of this book. In the bay, Taro dives and boats with his elderly friend, Jiro-San. Taro's sister thinks Jiro-San is eccentric because he sweeps the beach, but Taro comes to understand that the man is preparing for the arrival of mysterious friends. With Jiro-San as their guide, the children watch as the guests arrive at last. Sea turtles come from the ocean to lay their eggs on the beach, and eight weeks later the children return to see the baby turtles hatch. Realistic drawings suffused with gold, blue, or lavender depict the changing moods of the sea and its varied inhabitants, from starfish to whales. An endnote offers relevant facts about sea turtles. Endpapers showing shells scattered in the sand set the tone for this evocative, gentle book that celebrates life on the shore with events and language very young children can appreciate. PreSchool-Grade 3.
 

Turtle's Race With Beaver

Author: Bruchac, Joseph and James
Key Words: native american
Description: This delightful folktale closely resembles Aesop's "The Tortoise and the Hare." A sweet-looking turtle lives contentedly in a beautiful pond until one spring she emerges from hibernation and discovers that another creature has overrun her domain. Beaver's dam and lodge have changed the pond's ambience very much indeed, but Turtle benevolently offers to share her home with the newcomer. However, impudent Beaver scoffs at the invitation and challenges her to a race. Word spreads throughout the forest and all the animals gather to witness the improbable spectacle. At the outset of the competition, Turtle sinks her teeth into Beaver's broad tail, and the pain eventually causes him to flip it in such a way that she is hurled across the finish line in first place. Humiliated, he leaves for another pond, and when his new home's terrapin resident agrees to share, he gratefully acquiesces. This appealing variant of the time-honored, cross-cultural tale conveys the need for cooperation, perseverance, and humility within group settings. Children will be so involved in the storytelling that they'll absorb these lessons effortlessly. Done in pen and ink, gouache, and pastel, the cheerful artwork is a wonderful match for this well-told tale. PreSchool -Grade 3
 

Turtle, Turtle, Watch Out!

Author: Sayre, April Pulley
Key Words: life science, earth science, sea turtles, ecology,PreK-3, LS3-5.3, LS3-5.5, LS3-5.7, LS3-5.8
Description: Sayre follows in the wake of a female loggerhead from her birth on a Florida beach to the day, many years later, when she returns to the same place to lay her own eggs. The simple text describes how the creature narrowly avoids many of the life-threatening dangers faced by maturing sea turtles in today's world. Often, caring humans assist her; for example, a young boy places mesh around a turtle nest to protect the eggs and a boater removes a plastic bag from the water before it can be mistaken for food. Eye-catching, realistic pastel paintings-most of them covering two pages-show sienna and gold sunsets and sunrises, the blue-green underwater realm, and detailed close-ups of the growing loggerhead and other sea creatures. Children will be drawn to the picture of a sea turtle surrounded by sharks on the cover, and to the catchy refrain, "Turtle, Turtle, watch out!" While books such as Brenda Guiberson's Into the Sea (Holt, 1995), Don Patton's Sea Turtles (Child's World, 1995), and Gail Gibbons's Sea Turtles (Holiday, 1995) stress the negative impact of human interference on the sea turtle's survival, Sayre also emphasizes the results of positive actions. Even libraries that already own those titles will want to add this one to their collections.
 

Two Fisted Science: Stories About Scientists

Author: Ottaviani, Jim
Key Words: physics; graphic novel
Description: Editorial Reviews Review With notes, references and a bibliography, the book provides an unusual but intelligent introduction to some of the most famous figures in physics. --Physics World It humanizes science in a badly needed way, it inspires. --The Comics Journal [W]onderfully offbeat and human. This collection illustrates some of science history's more offbeat sides... --Factsheet Five Product Description Two-Fisted Science, a Xeric Award-winning and Eisner nominated original trade paperback, features true stories from the history of science. Some are serious, some are humorous, and most are a bit of both. Scientists highlighted include physicists Richard Feynman, Galileo, Niels Bohr, and Werner Heisenberg, but you'll find a cosmologist and some mathematicians inside as well.
 

Uncovering Student Ideas in Science, Volume 2: 25 More Formative Assessment Probes

Author: Keeley, Page
Key Words: assessment, biology, pedagogy, clickers
Description: If Hollywood were filming this sequel, the studio would call it Probes 2: More Battles Against Misunderstandings. Like the blockbuster that came before it, Volume 2 of Uncovering Student Ideas in Science will reveal the surprising misconceptions students bring to the classroom so you can adjust your teaching to replace those ideas with a sound understanding of science. The field-tested features from Volume 1 are all here. The 25 new probes are short, easy-to-administer activities designed to determine what students at every grade level know (or think they know) about core science topics. The probes come all ready to reproduce. Accompanying teacher materials explain science content, note links to national standards, and suggest grade-appropriate ways to present material so students will learn it accurately. But where Volume 1 emphasized physical science, Volume 2 covers more life science and Earth and space science probes. New topic areas include forms of matter, changes in matter, living things and life processes, rocks and landforms, the day/night cycle, and objects in the night sky. Volume 2 also suggests ways to embed the probes throughout the course of your instruction, not just when starting a unit or topic.
 

Uncovering Student Ideas in Science, Volume 3: Another 25 Formative Assessment Probes

Author: Keeley, Page
Key Words: pedagogy, assessment, biology, technology, clickers
Description:

Since publication of Volume 1 of this series, thousands of teachers have been using these innovative classroom tools to improve student learning in science. Following in the footsteps of the first two volumes, this new book provides short, easy-to-administer probes that help teachers determine what misconceptions students bring to the classroom about the nature of science and about physical, life, Earth, and space sciences. This volume is an invaluable resource for classroom teachers, preservice teachers, professional developers, and college science and preservice faculty.

About the Author - Page Keeley is senior science program director, Francis Eberle is executive director, and Chad Dorsey is a science specialist at the Maine Mathematics and Science Alliance, where they develop, coordinate, and implement science education initiatives at the state and national levels. Combined, they have more than 35 years of teaching experience in middle and high school science. Page Keeley is 2008-2009 President of the National Science Teachers Association.


 

Using Science Notebooks in Middle School - PB209X2

Author: Klentschy, Michael P.
Key Words: Teacher resource
Description: Editorial Reviews Product Description Many middle school teachers across the United States use student science notebooks as part of their classroom instruction. Some middle school teachers have a systematic approach for their use and some do not. Many who are not using student science notebooks would like to but are not sure exactly how to start. This book is designed to assist middle school teachers who are currently using student science notebooks as a part of their classroom science instruction by providing them with a systematic research-based approach to extend and build upon what they are presently doing. This book is also designed to assist middle school teachers who may be just starting using student science notebooks in their classrooms. The purpose of this book is threefold: 1) to provide middle school science classroom teachers with a deeper understanding on the use of student science notebooks as an effective means for students to make meaning and to develop a deep understanding of science content from their classroom instruction; 2) to provide middle school teachers with research-based best practices on how to implement student science notebooks in their classrooms; and 3) to provide teachers with effective research-based strategies to use student science notebooks as an effective assessment tool.
 

Volcano & Earthquake

Author: Rose, Susanna van
Key Words: earth science, technology and engineering, earthquakes;volcanoes;ES3-5.12, ES6-8.2, ES6-8.5, ES6-8.6, ES9-12.1, ES9-12.3, TE6-8.5, TE9-12.2, TE9-12.4
Description: Some of nature's most spectacular phenomena get the ``Eyewitness'' treatment, with the gorgeous graphics and outstanding design that characterize this series. As usual, coverage is primarily visual, with brief introductory text and informative captions. The account starts with an overall perspective showing how volcanoes and earthquakes occur, with related events like steam vents and boiling mud. Effects on humans and attempts to measure and predict these events are treated. Even volcanism on other planets (mostly their moons) is shown. The striking photographs include a shot of a Philippine town dusted by Mount Pinatubo; the people's colorful clothes clash with the ashy whitness covering all the houses and the ash-darkened sky. In another spread the ash cloud from Mount St. Helens can be seen rushing down the mountainside in three successive photos. This book will attract readers to an already popular topic, and will provide one of the most effective introductions available. Mary Elting's Volcanoes and Earthquakes (S. & S., 1990) offersmuch of the same information in more text-oriented form, with less attractive visuals. Grade 4-7
 

Volcano: The Eruption and Healing of Mount St. Helens

Author: Lauber, Patricia
Key Words: Mt. Saint Helens; earth science; volcano; ecology;ES3-5.3, ES3-5.4, ES3-5.5, ES3-5.12, ES6-8.5, ES9-12.3, LS3-5.7, ES3-5.10, ES6-8.17, LS9-12.5, LS9-12.6, PS9-12.6
Description: After the eruption of Mount St. Helens in 1980, a number of fine books for young readers appeared which discussed at length this catastrophe, the devastation it created, and the geologic forces which caused it. Although providing less detail in these areas, Lauber brings the other titles up-to-date by describing the biological succession and geological changes which have since occurred at Mount St. Helens National Volcanic Monument. This provides an excellent example of the interdependence of all plant and animal life. How the Earth itself creates new environments for living things which in turn reshape the Earth is demonstrated visually as well as verbally. The captioned high-quality color photographs are well-integrated with the text, superbly illustrating the written material. This volume is more suited to younger readers than the Aylesworths' The Mount St. Helens Disaster (Watts, 1983) and Goldner's Why Mount Saint Helens Blew Its Top (Dillon, 1981), and is more current. Grade 4-8
 

Water Dance

Author: Locker, Thomas
Key Words: water cycle; earth science;ES3-5.10, ES3-5.11, ES9-12.3
Description: How does water dance? From rain, to river, to lake, to sea, to cloud, with half a dozen more sidesteps in the circle. Each step is dramatized here with one of Locker's romantic Catskills wilderness landscape?or seascape?paintings. Changes in season, atmosphere, time of day, or weather alter the light and the palette, which is fairly subdued until the final crimson sunset. Each facing page has a haiku-like text describing the specific phenomenon ("In thousands of shapes I reappear/high above the earth in the blue sky./I float./I drift.") followed by an italicized identification ("I am the clouds"). This riddlelike format could spark reader interaction. The paintings reappear, twice postage-stamp size, on the final three pages, each accompanied by a scientist's brief explanation of the water cycle's stages. This book is a happy marriage of art and science, although there is never a doubt as to the dominant partner.Grade 1-6.
 

Weather

Author: Cosgrove, Brian
Key Words: Earth Science, Weather;heat transfer;ES3-5.6, ES3-5.7, ES3-5.8, ES3-5.9, ES6-8.3, ES6-8.4, ES9-12.1,ES9-12.3, PS3-5.2, PS3-5.3, PS6-8.3, PS6-8.10, PS6-8.16
Description: These series' entries feature attractive spreads filled with eye-catching illustrative materials and clear, concise writing. Invention surveys major areas of technology throughout history, with each spread showing the stages of development in one field (e.g., timekeeping, metalworking). Most captions include the approximate date of the invention pictured, but some years are not given, making it occasionally difficult to trace how each new step evolved. In Weather , the imaginative use of photographs helps to clarify many of the concepts. Reptile stands out because of the fascinating photographs, which are brilliantly lifelike and well chosen to demonstrate concepts discussed, educating readers in a way that words (or mediocre illustrations) cannot. The text is nicely balanced between straightforward factual data and intriguing bits of trivia, making the book useful both to browsers and report writers. Both gems and crystals are noted briefly in Symes's Rocks & Minerals (Knopf, 1988) from this series, but receive more expansive treatment (and all-new photographs) in the newer title. The dazzling, full-color photographs on uncluttered pages make it a visual treat. Grade 5-8
 

Weather Mania: Discovering What's Up and What's Coming Down

Author: DiSpezio, Michael A.
Key Words: Earth Science, weather;ES3-5.6, ES3-5.7, ES3-5.8, ES3-5.9, ES6-8.3, ES6-8.4, ES9-12.1,ES9-12.3, PS3-5.2, PS3-5.3, PS6-8.3, PS6-8.10, PS6-8.16
Description: A lively addition to the 551.5s, with two-page units such as "Blowing in the Wind" and "Pressured into Moving" accompanied by colorful, cartoonlike illustrations and diagrams. Also in the mix are loads of experiments using found materials to make everything from a hair hygrometer to a wind sock to a model of the water cycle. (Caution: One experiment requires a fluorescent bulb, which can implode under certain circumstances.) The text is brief, chatty, and informative, and the format is nonthreatening. If you already own Mark Breen and Kathleen Friestad's similarly chatty The Kids' Book of Weather Forecasting (Williamson, 2000) and/or Franklyn Branley's golden oldie It's Raining Cats and Dogs (Houghton, 1987) or Jonathan Kahl's more formal The National Audubon Society First Field Guide: Weather (Scholastic, 1998) or Brian Cosgrove's busy, eye-catching Weather (DK, 2000), you could pass this by. Still, weather is a popular topic, so if your collection needs to be brisked up a tad (and you can get past that caution), this title is attractive and fun. Grade 5-7
 

Weird Friends: Unlikely Allies in the Animal Kingdom

Author: Aruego, Jose
Key Words: Life Science; symbiosis;ecology;LS3-5.8, LS6-8.13, LS9-12.5, LS9-12.6
Description: An introduction to symbiosis. The rhino and the cattle egret, the blind shrimp and its buddy the goby, and the red phalaropes paired with the sperm whale-in all, 14 relationships are described, and many exotic animals are introduced. Certainly, the tuatara and its helpful pal the sooty shearwater will be new to youngsters. The typeface is large and easy to read, and the text is either black or white, depending on the background; pages are awash with color. The pen-and-ink, gouache, pastel, and watercolor illustrations are cartoonlike and kid-friendly, and anthropomorphism is rampant: zebras look puzzled; a shark looks angry; scared mackerels swim toward the safety of home; a hippo looks content to have oxpeckers land on its back, etc. There is a helpful pronunciation guide, and the page on where to find weird friends suggests that one must travel far and wide to locate them. This book fills a niche. Kindergarten-Grade 3
 

When the Wolves Returned: Restoring Nature's Balance in Yellowstone

Author: Patent, Dorothy Hinshaw
Key Words: Life science, Gray wolf; food chain; ecosystems; ecology; adaptation;LS3-5.7, LS3-5.8, LS3-510, LS6-8.14, LS9-12.6
Description: Removal of one predator—the wolf—from Yellowstone National Park caused the decline of many animal species, subsequently changing the very terrain of the area as ponds and trees also disappeared. The rise and fall and interdependence of species are explained simply in this slim survey of some of the park's wildlife. Patent begins with the Congressional designation of Yellowstone as a national park in 1872, stating that in the early years the geologic wonders rather than the animals were the main attraction. The wolf was a popular hunting target, and its demise led to an overpopulation of elk and coyotes and a complex chain of effects. The format sets small chunks of text and two or three small color photographs on a black background at the far right of the spread. A large color photo fills the remaining space, with a framed sentence superimposed on the picture. The two blocks of text become repetitive, but they're apparently intended as a dual-level text, so that children can read either the briefer explanations on the left or the longer ones opposite. Bits of background terrain are seen in the pictures, but they do not capture the dramatic decline and renewal of the ecosystem suggested. There is no map to indicate the large size and location of Yellowstone. The book concludes with a review quiz with small animal photos. Grade 2–5
 

Who Eats What? Food Chains and Food Webs

Author: Keller, Holly (Illustrator)
Key Words: science, childrens books, cience books for kids, lets read and find out science;LS3-5.11
Description: This Let's-Read-and-Find-Out Science book presents food chains and food webs on land and under water. Besides showing who eats what in the wild, it brings the food chain idea closer to home with the suggestion that children draw pictures showing the chains for the things they eat, such as their milk, which came from a cow, which ate grass. Clear, simple ink-and-watercolor drawings illustrate the clear, simple text. Informative and intriguing, this basic science book leads children to think about the complex and interdependent web of life on Earth. Ages 5-8.
 

Why Should I Save Energy?

Author: Gordon, Mike (Illustrator)
Key Words: Earth Science; conservation;energy;ecology;recycle;ES9-12.1, ES9-12.2, ES9-12, LS9-12.6
Description: Children take electricity and other energy sources for granted, until one day their community has a power blackout. They come to realize that in lighting homes and keeping houses warm, we are using up natural resources that can’t be easily replaced. If we fail to save energy, a time may come when our homes will always be cold and dark.Part of every child’s development involves asking questions. Today, some of the most important questions kids ask are related to the natural environment. The enlightening and entertaining four-book Why Should I? series demonstrates the importance of protecting nature. Books present brief, entertaining stories that answer children’s questions and feature amusing color illustrations on every page. A note at the back of each book is for parents and teachers, suggesting ways to use these books most effectively.
 

The World Is Open: How Web Technology Is Revolutionizing Education

Author: Bonk, Curtis J.
Key Words: science, pedagogy, educational technology, e-learning,
Description: Whether you are a scientist on a ship in Antarctic waters or a young girl in a Philippine village, you can learn whenever and whatever you want from whomever you are interested in learning it from. As technologies have become more available, even in the most remote reaches of the world, and as more people contribute a wealth of online resources, the education world has become open to anyone anywhere. In The World Is Open, education technology guru Curtis Bonk explores ten key trends that together make up the "WE-ALL-LEARN" framework for understanding the potential of technology's impact on learning in the 21st century:
  • Web Searching in the World of e-Books
  • E-Learning and Blended Learning
  • Availability of Open Source and Free Software
  • Leveraged Resources and OpenCourseWare
  • Learning Object Repositories and Portals
  • Learner Participation in Open Information Communities
  • Electronic Collaboration
  • Alternate Reality Learning
  • Real-Time Mobility and Portability
  • Networks of Personalized Learning
In addition, this important resource contains compelling interviews that capture the diverse global nature of the open educational world from those who are creating new learning technologies as well as those who are using them to learn and teach in new ways. Using the dynamic "WE-ALL-LEARN" model, learners, educators, executives, administrators, instructors, and parents can tap into the power of Web technology and unleash a world of information.
 

Worms Eat My Garbage: How to Set Up and Maintain a Worm Composting System

Author: Appelhof, Mary
Key Words: worm composting, worms, gardening
Description: Editorial Reviews Product Description The definitive guide to vermicomposting-a process using redworms to recycle food waste into nutrient-rich food for plants. Newly revised and updated, this 162 page manual provides complete illustrated instructions on setting up and maintaining small-scale worm composting systems. Topics include different bins, what kind of worms to use, sex life of a worm, preparing worm beddings, how to meet the needs of the worms, what kinds of foods to feed the worms, harvesting worms, and making potting soil from the vermicompost produced. A 63 page bibliography, 24 annotated references, a glossary,and comprehensive index make this a valuabe reference book as well as a practical manual. --This text refers to an out of print or unavailable edition of this title.
 

Worms Eat Our Garbage: Classroom Activities for a Better Environment

Author: Harris, Mary Appelhof; Fenton & Loss
Key Words: Life Science, ecology, garbage;LS3-5.8, LS3-5.10, LS3-5.11, LS6-8.14, LS6-8.15, LS9-12.6
Description: Three creative educators collaborated to produce this guide for classroom and home. Centered around a classroom worm bin, this curriculum uses over 150 worm-related activities to develop problem-solving and critical thinking skills in children grades 4-8. Rich in content in "Wormformation" paragraphs integrates science, mathematics, language arts, biology, solid waste issues, ecology, and the environment in ways that draw children into the learning process. Three sections include "The World of Worms," "Worms at Work," and "Beyond the Bin." Includes 16 appendicies, resource materials, teacher's guidelines, bibliography, glossary, and index. User has permission to photocopy for use in the classroom
 

Zoom

Author: Banyai, Istvan
Key Words: science
Description: This wordless picture book re-creates the effect of a camera lens zooming out. For example, one illustration shows a boy on a cruise ship, the next shows him from a distance, and the next reveals the whole ship. Finally, the viewpoint moves back farther and it turns out that the ship is actually a poster on a bus. The perspective continues to recede, revealing the bus as an image on a television screen. Three pages later, viewers see that the person watching TV is drawn on a postage stamp. The final picture shows a view of Earth from space. To heighten the effect, all of the full-color illustrations appear on the recto, while each verso is completely black. It's fun to watch the transition in perceptions as a farm becomes a toy, the girl playing with it is on a magazine cover, etc. The novelty soon wears off, however, and nothing else about the book is memorable. The paintings themselves are not particularly interesting and would not stand alone well. David Wiesner's Free Fall (Lothrop, 1988), David Macaulay's Black and White (Houghton, 1990), and Ann Jonas's Reflections (Greenwillow, 1987) use visual tricks, but also have richer artwork and more involving action. PreSchool-Grade 3