Regional planners draw on geographic data and trends and prepare plans for transportation networks, environmental protection, historic preservation, and economic development. They work with elected officials, community groups, field scientists, architects, and engineers in order to plan and design cities and towns guided by the triple bottom line of sustainability: ecology, economics, and equity.

Urban planners focus on issues such as affordable housing and real estate markets; adaptive reuse of old buildings and city spaces; transportation networks including bicycle access and walkability; green spaces, parks and recreation; economic development, historic preservation, and much more.