Selected Bibliography for Medical Tourism

(The Most Comprehensive Bibliography on the subject on the web)

(Last update 8 July 2011, n=251 references and counting!)

Please note the attempt to post references that have free and easy access from Internet sources.  Numerous studies are found in print material.  Please email us with web accessible documents and studies!

Abhiyan, J.  (2006). Globalisation and Health.  Towards the National health Assembly II.  Retrieved 22 Mar 09 from

Ackerman, S. (2009). Operating in Eden: Cosmetic Surgery Tourism and the Politics of Public and private medicine in Costa Rica.  Dissertation in Dept. of anthropology, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.

Altman, S., D. Shactman, and E. Eliat.  (2006). Could US Hospitals Go the Way of US Airlines?  Health Affairs. 25(1):11-21.  Retrieved 23 Mar 09 from

American Medical Association. (2008). New AMA Guidelines on Medical Tourism. Retrieved 11 May 2009 from

Anthem Blue Cross and Blue Shield in Wisconsin. (2008). Anthem Blue Cross and Blue Shield Introduces International Medical Tourism Pilot Program.  Medical Devices & Surgical Technology Week,466.  Retrieved January 13, 2009, from ProQuest Nursing & Allied Health Source database. (Document ID: 1597943281).

Association Resource Centre, Inc.  (2006). Spa, Health & Wellness Sector: foreign competitor profiles.  Retrieved 2 Jan 2009 from product_knowledge/Spa_Health_Wellness_Sector_Foreign_Competitor_Profile_eng.pdf

Alsever, J.  (2006). Basking on the Beach, or maybe on the Operating Table.  October 15, 2006.  Retrieved 30 July 2007 from

Associated Press. (2007). Issues Poll. Retrieved 8 April 2008 from

ABC News/Washington Post Poll. (2008). ABC News/Washington Post Poll. Retrieved 6 May 2008 from

Bagchi, S. (2008). Growth generates health care challenges in booming India. Canadian Medical Association. Journal, 178(8), 981-3.  Retrieved January 13, 2009, from ProQuest Nursing & Allied Health Source database. (Document ID: 1455696691).

Bakic, O. and Hrabovski-Tomic, E. (2008). Informal Education for Management in Health Tourism.   Tourism and Hospitability Management. 14(1):1-12. (Retrieved 7 Jan 09 from

Baldoria, F. and Osana, J.  (2007). Medical Tourism: A Booming Industry.  Philippine Daily Inquirer.  Business Friday Section (Lexis Nexis).

Barron, N. C. (2008). Seeking beauty, cutting costs: Why so many americans go under the knife abroad. Journalism (Print Journalism)). ProQuest Dissertations and Theses.

Barmeyer, J. (2007).  The Next Generation of Vacations – Medical Tourism.  Insight Business. Retrieved 30 January 2009 from

Barron, N. (2008).  Seeking Beauty, Cutting costs:  Why so many Americans go under the knife abroad.  Master of Art Thesis at University of Southern California.  Retrieved 20 Mar 09 from

Begde, P.  (2008). Opportunity and challenges for Medical tourism in India.  Presented at the Conference on Tourism in India-Challenges Ahead. Retrieved 20 Jan 09 from

Ben-Natan, M., E. Ben-Sefer and M. Ehrenfeld.  (2009). Medical Tourism: A new role for Nursing.  The Online Journal of Issues in Nursing.  Retrieved 13 Dec 2010 from

Bennett, T. (2009) 'Medical Tourism: Part of the Problem or Part of the Solution?', Intensive workshop on health systems in transition, University of Malaya, 29-30 April. Retrieved 1 Feb 10 from

BENNETT, T. (2009) Perspectives, Medical Travel Today, August. Retrieved 13 Dec 2010 from:

Bennett, M, B. King, L. Milner.  The Health resort sector in Australia: A positioning study.  Journal of Vacation Marketing. Retrieved 15 May 2009 from

Bezruchka, S. (2000). Medical Tourism as medical harm in the third world: why, For Whom? Wilderness Environmental Medicine. 11:77-78. Retrieved 25 Oct 09 from

Bhangale, V. (2008).  Medical Tourism: Taking a big way in India. Presented at the Conference on Tourism in India-Challenges Ahead.  Retrieved 20 Jan 09 from

Bhattacharya, M. (2008). Advantage Gujarat in Medical Tourism. Presented at the Conference on Tourism in India- Challenges Ahead.  Retrieved 20 Jan 09 from

Bies, W. and L. Zacharia.  (2007). Medical Tourism:  Outsourcing surgery.  Mathematical and Computer Modelling. 46:1144-1159.

Bishop, R. and J. Litch.  (2000). Medical Tourism can do harm (Personal View).  BMJ. 8 April 2000. 320:1017

Blouin, C. (2007). Trade policy and health: from conflicting interests to policy coherence. Bulletin of the World Health Organization 85:169-73.

Blyth, E. and A. Farrand. (2005). Reproductive tourism – a price worth paying for reproductive autonomy? Critical Social Policy, Vol 25(10):91-114.

Boga, T., Weiermair, K. (2011) "Branding new services in health tourism", Tourism Review, Vol. 66 Iss: 1/2, pp.90 - 106

Bookman, M. Z., and Bookman, K. R. (2007). Medical Tourism in Developing Countries. New York: Palgrave.

Borman, E. (2004).  Health Tourism: Where healthcare, ethics, and the state collide.  BMJ. 10 January 2004.  328:60-1.

Budiani-saberi, D. and F. Delmonico. (2008) American Journal of Transplantation. 8(5)925-929.  Retrieved 15 Feb 10 from

Burkhart, L. and Gentry, L. (2008).  Medical Tourism: What you should know.  The Saturday Evening Post Jan/Feb 2008,  280:1, p 52-53, 90, 92, 94.

Bramstedt, K, and Xu J. (2007). Checklist: Passport, Plane Ticket, Organ Transplant.  American Journal of Transplantation 7:1698-1701.

Brenzel, L. and E. Le Franc (2007). Opportunities and Challenges for expanding trade in health services in the English-speaking Caribbean.  World Bank. Retrieved 25 Oct 09 from

Bristow, R. (2008). Medical Tourism Survey Homepage. Retrieved 19 December 2008 from

Bristow, R. (2008). Eco-medical tourism in Costa Rica:  is it sustainable?  14th International Symposium on Society and Resource Management. Burlington, VT, USA, June 2008.  Abstract available at

Bristow, R. (2009). Eco-medical tourism:  can it be sustainable?  In: Klenosky, David B.; Fisher, Cherie LeBlanc, eds. Proceedings of the 2008 Northeastern Recreation Research Symposium; 2008 March 30 - April 1; Bolton Landing, NY. Gen. Tech. Rep. NRS-P-42. Newtown Square, PA: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Northern Research Station: 158-164. Retrieved 11 May 09 from

Bristow, R., Yang, W. and Lu, M. (2009).  Mineral spas to cosmetic surgery: is health tourism sustainable?  15th International Symposium on Society and Resource Management. Vienna, Austria July 2009. 

Bristow, R., Yang, W. and Lu, M. (2011).  Sustainable Medical Tourism in Costa Rica. Tourism Review.66(1-2) pp107-117.

Bristow, R., Yang, W. (2011). Sea, sun, sand and ... Selecting Surgery, an exploration of Medical Tourist Travel Behavior.  Paper delivered at  The Changing World of Coastal, Island and Tropical Tourism International Conference in Martinique, French West Indies 27 - 29 January 2011. Abstract available at

Brenzel, L. and E. Le Franc. (2007) Opportunities and Challenges for Expanding trade in health Services in the English Speaking Caribbean.  Retrieved 13 Dec 2010 from

Brooker, E. and F. Go. (2006 ). Health Care Tourism – A Classic Example of Disruptive Innovation.  Paper presented at Travel and Tourism Research Association Canada Chapter Conference, 15-17 October 2006, Montebello, Quebec.

Brown, S. (2008). Medical tourism: nations vie for health dollars.  Hospitals & health Networks (Dec 2008). 82(12):49.

Bryant, R.  (2002). Despite Turbulent times, Dead Sea draws medical tourism. Dermatology Times, 23(2):8.

Buccilli, E., and R. Stefanacci.  (2008) Travel Assistance and Medical Tourism.  Assisted Living Consult. March/April 2008.  Retrieved 20 Mar 09 from

Budiani-Saberi, D. and Delmonico, F. (2008). Organ Trafficking and Transplant Tourism. American Journal of Transplantation 8: 925-929.

Burkett, L. (2007). Medical Tourism: Concerns, Benefits, and the American Legal Perspective.  Journal of legal Medicine. 28(2):223-245.

Caballero-Danell, S. and C. Mugomba.  (2007). Medical Tourism and its Entrepreneurial Opportunities – a conceptual framework for entry into the industry. Master Thesis Goteborg University.  Retrieved 22 Mar 09 from

Canadian Tourism Commission.  (2006). Identifying the Spa Traveler: A Look at US and Canadian Consumer Attitudes and Motivators for Spa Vacations. Retrieved 2 Jan 2009 from

Carabello, L. (2008). Tourism Primer for US Physicians. Medical Practice Management. March/April 2008. Retrieved 12 Jan 09 from

Carrera, P.  (2006). Medical tourism. Health Affairs 25(5):1453.

Casabona Martinez, I., et al. (2005). El nuevo fenómeno europeo del turismo de salud : estado de la cuestión”. Cultura de los cuidados. Año IX, nº 18, 2. semestre 2005, pp. 38-44. Retrieved 23 Mar 09 from

Castonguay, G. and A. Brown.  (1993). Plastic Surgery Tourism proving a boon for Costa Rica’s surgeons.  Canadian Medical Association Journal 148(1): 74-76.

Chambers, D. and B. McIntosh. (2008). Using Authenticity to Achieve Competitive in Medical Tourism in the English-speaking Caribbean.  Third World Quarterly. 29(5):919-937.

Chambers, T. A. (1999). Fashionable dis-ease: Promoting health and leisure at saratoga springs, new york and the virginia springs, 1790-1860. The College of William and Mary). ProQuest Dissertations and Theses.

Chaynee, W. (2003).  Health Tourism to Drive Earnings.  Mierscope (The Malaysian Institute of Economic Research).  Retrieved 7 Feb 09 from

Chakravarthy, K., Ravi Kumar, C.H., and Deepthi, K.  (2008). SWOT Analysis on Medical Tourism (presented at the Conference on Tourism in India-Challenges Ahead.  Retrieved 20 Jan 09 from

Chee, H.  (2007). Medical Tourism in Malaysia: International Movement of Healthcare Consumers and the Commodification of Healthcare (January 1, 2007). Asia Research Institute Working Paper No. 83. Retrieved 28 Dec 2008 from

Chen, J. (2007).  Wellness Tourism: Measuring Consumers’ Quality of Life.  In Chen et al editors.  Proceedings of the First Hospitality and Leisure: Business Advances and Applied Research Conference. Lausanne, Switzerland. July 2007. Retrieved 27 Jan 2010 from

Cherukara, J. and J. Manalel. (2008). Medical Tourism in Kerala-Challenges and Scope. Presented at the Conference on Tourism in India- Challenges Ahead.  Retrieved 20 Jan 09 from

Cheung, I., and Wilson, A. (2007). Arthroplasty tourism. Medical Journal of Australia, 187(11/12), 666-7.  Retrieved January 13, 2009, from ProQuest Nursing & Allied Health Source database. (Document ID: 1404758621).

Chinai, R. and R. Goswami. (2007). Medical Visas mark growth of Indian medical tourism.  Bulletin of the World Health Organization. March 85(3):164-5. Retrieved 20 Mar 09 from

Chinai, R. and R. Goswami. (2005).  Are we ready for medical tourism?  The Hindu. Retrieved 13 Dec 2010 from

Chong, Su-Lin. (2001) Health Tourism: New Concepts and Fresh Perspectives. In Papers Presented at the National Conference on Tourism: Profiling Malaysian Tourism in the New Era, pp. 1-11. Kuala Lumpur: Asian Strategy & Leadership Institute

Cohen, E. (2008).  Medical Tourism in Thailand.  AU-GSB e-Journal, an on-line scholarly publication issued twice a year by the Graduate School of Business, Assumption University of Thailand.  Retrieved 20 Mar 09 from

Connell, J. (2006).  Medical tourism: Sea Sun Sand and … surgery.  Tourism Management 27(6):1093-1100.

Cook, P. (2008). What is health and Medical Tourism?  Proceedings of the Annual Conference of the Australian Sociological Association 2008. Retrieved 20 Mar 09 from,%20Tourism,%20Travel%20and%20Sport/Cook,%20Peta,%20Session%2038%20PDF.pdf

Cortez, N. (2008) 'Patients without borders: The emerging global market for patients and the evolution of modern health care', Indiana Law Journal, 83, SMU Dedman School of Law Legal Studies Research Paper No. 00-24. Retrieved 1 Feb 10 from

Dalstrom, M. D. (2010). Medical migrants in the US-mexico borderlands. The University of Wisconsin - Milwaukee). ProQuest Dissertations and Theses.

Deloitte.  (2008). Medical Tourism: 2008 Survey of Health Care Consumers. Retrieved 15 Nov 08 from

Deloitte. (2009). Medical Tourism: Update and implications.  Retrieved 25 Oct 09 from

Development Research News (2005).   The future looks bright for health tourism.  Philippine Instituted for Development Studies. 23(5-b). Retrieved 20 Mar 09 from

Didaskalou, E. P. Nastos, A. Matzarakis. (2004). The Development Prospects for Greek Health Tourism and the Role of the Bioclimatic Regime in Greece. In Matzarakis, A., de Freitas, C. and Scott, D. Advances in Tourism Climatology. Freiburg. Pp 149-57. Retrieved 27 Jan 2010 from

Dunn, P. (2007). Medical Tourism Takes Flight.  Hospitals & Health Networks, 10688838, Nov 2007, 81(11).

Dunn, P. (2007).  An American in Bangkok.  Hospitals & Health Networks 81(11):43.

Dyer, C. (2003). Swiss parliament may try to ban suicide tourism. BMJ. 1 Feb 2003.  326:242.

Eissler, L. A. (2010). The lived experience of seeking health care through medical tourism: An interpretive phenomenological study of alaskan patients traveling internationally for medical and dental care. University of Hawai'i at Manoa). ProQuest Dissertations and Theses.

English, V., Gardner, J., Romano-Critchley, G. and Sommerville, A. (2001).  Ethics Briefings.  Journal of Medical Ethics 27:284-285.

Ernst, D.  (2006). Medical Tourism: why Americans take medical vacations abroad.  Pacific Research Institute 4(9).  Retrieved 28 December 2008 from

Economist.  (2007). Sun, Sand and Scalpels.  Economist.  3/10/2007.  382:8519, p62.

Eggertson, L. (2006). Wait-list weary Canadians seek treatment abroad.  CMAJ April 25, 2006. Retrieved 10 Aug 2009 from

Einhorn, B. (2008). Outsourcing the Patients.  Business Week. Retrieved 18 July 2009 from

English, V., J. Gardner, Romano-Critchley, G. and Sommerville, A. (2001).  Ethics Briefings.  Journal of Medical Ethics 27:284-285.

EHRBECK, T., GUEVARA, C. AND MANGO, P.D. (2008) Mapping the market for medical travel, The McKinsey Quarterly, May. Retrieved 13 Dec 2010 from:

eTurbonews.  (2008). Top 5 Medical Tourism Destinations. Retrieved 12 December 2008 from

Evans, R. (2008). Ethnocentrism is an Unacceptable Rational for health Care Policy.  American Journal of Transplantation. 8: 1089-1095.

Forgoione, D and Smith, P.  (2007). Medical Tourism and Its Impact on the US Health Care System. Journal of Health Care Finance; Fall2007, 34(1):27-35.

Frellick, M. (2008). Medical Tourism: Patients jet to foreign locales for surgical procedures and return home for follow-up care. Retrieved 21 December 2008 from

Galland, Z. (2008).  Medical Tourism:  The Insurance Debate. Business Week.  Retrieved 12 December 2008 from

Garraway, J. (2007). Commentary: the greater Caribbean this week: A novel tourism concept.  Caribbean NetNews.  Retrieved 18 July 2009 from

Garza, A. M. Stanich, K. Southisombath. (nd) Californians who access health care services in another country.  University of California, San Francisco, Fresno. Health and Policy Research Unit.  Retrieved 26 Oct 09 from

Garza, A, A. Rodriguez-Lainz, and I. Ornelas. (2204). The Health of the California Region Bordering Mexico.  Journal of Immigrant Health. 6(3) 137-144.

Geisel, R. W. (2008). Successful medical tourism rests primarily on design. Business Insurance, 42(10):18.

George, B. and Nedelea, A. (2008). Medical Tourism: The Next Big Thing to Come (September 8, 2008). Retrieved on 28 Dec 2008 from

George, B. and T. Henthome (2009). The Incorporation of Telemedicine with Medical Tourism.  Journal of Hospitality Marketing & Management 18(5)512-5-22.

Global Advisory Services. (2004). Healing in Paradise: A Strategy for cultivating health and wellness tourism in Hawaii.  Business Plan Report presented to the Hawaii Tourism Authority.  Retrieved 2 Jan 2009 from

Gonzales, A., L. Brenzel, and J Sancho. (2001). Health Tourism and Related Services: Caribbean Development and International Trade. Retrieved 27 Jan 2010 from

Goodrich, J. (1994).  Health Tourism: a new positioning strategy for tourist destinations. Journal of International Consumer Marketing. 6(3):227-238.

Gopol, R. (2008).  The Key Issues and Challenges in medical Tourism sector in India (A Hospital Perspective). Presented at the Conference on tourism in India-Challenges Ahead.  Retrieved 20 Jan 09 from

Goodrich, J. (1993). Health-care tourism in the Caribbean in D. Gayle & J. Goodrich (eds.) Tourism marketing and management in the Caribbean. NY, NY: Routledge.  P122-128.

Grant, L. (2009). Reproductive tourism: The case of india A feminist critical discourse analysis of indian gestational surrogacy tourism. Lakehead University (Canada)). ProQuest Dissertations and Theses.

Gray, H. and S. Poland. (2008). Medical Tourism: Crossing borders to access health care. Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 18(2):193-201.

Greenberg, B. (2006). Have Ailment, Will Travel. The Los Angeles Daily News. 7 August 2006.

Hadi, A. (2009). Globalization, medical tourism and health equity.  Paper presented at the Symposium on Implications of medical Tourism for Canadian Health and health Policy on November 13, 2009 in Ottawa, Canada. Retrieved 13 Dec 2010 from

Hall, C. M. (2011) "Health and medical tourism: a kill or cure for global public health?", Tourism Review, Vol. 66 Iss: 1/2, pp.4 - 15

Hall, C. M., James, M. (2011) "Medical tourism: emerging biosecurity and nosocomial issues", Tourism Review, Vol. 66 Iss: 1/2, pp.118 - 126

Hamilton, J. (2007). Medical Tourism Creates Thai Doctor Shortage. Retrieved 8 March 2008 from

Hancock, D.  (2006). The Complete Medical Tourist:  Your guide to inexpensive dental cosmetic and medical surgery abroad.  United Kingdom: John Blake.

Handschin, A., A. Banic, and M. Constantinescu (2007). Pulmonary Embolism after Plastic Surgery Tourism.  Clinical Applied Thrombosis/Hemostasis. 13(3): 340.

Hanson, F. (2008).  A revolution in Healthcare:  Medicine meets the marketplace.  Public Affairs Review, 59:4.

Harvard Health Letter.  (2008). Virtual hitchhiker's guide to the medical universe.  Harvard Health Letter 33(12).

Hay, B. (2001).  New tourism market: health and well being holidays.  Countryside Tourism 9(2):14-16 Retrieved 7 Jan 09 from

Healism. (2008). Universal health care through medical tourism. Retrieved 26 May 2008 from

Healthcare Financial Management Association. (2008). Explosive Growth in Medical Tourism and Rise of Retail Clinics Provide Cost Savings for Patients-and Challenges for Providers. Healthcare Financial Management, 62(9), 12,14.  Retrieved January 13, 2009, from ProQuest Nursing & Allied Health Source database. (Document ID: 1562687951).

Healthcare Financial Management.  (2009). Insurers pay for surgical procedures abroad. (Medical Tourism)(Brief article). Healthcare Financial Management 63.1 (Jan 2009): 12(1). 

Henderson, J.  (2004).  Healthcare Tourism in Southeast Asia.  Tourism Review International. 7(3-4):111-121.

Herman, L. (2009) 'Assessing international trade in health services', ECIPE Working Paper 03/2009. Retrieved 1 Feb 10 from

Herrick, D. (2007). Medical Tourism: Global Competition in Health Care. National Center for Policy Analysis Retrieved from

Hilts, P. (1992). Quality and low cost of medical care lure Americans to Mexican doctors.  New York Times. Retrieved 18 July 2009 from

Hutchinson, B. (2005). Medical Tourism Growing Worldwide, U Daily (University of Delaware), July 25, 2005.  Retrieved 15 May 2008 from  

Huff-Rouselle, M, Shepherd, C., Cushman, R., Imrie, J. and Lalta, S. (1995).  Prospects for Health Tourism Exports for the English-Speaking Caribbean. World Bank. Retrieved 2 Jan 2009 from

Hoheb, c. (2008). The Link Between Spa and Medical Tourism. Les Nouvelles Esthetiques & Spa. December pp 131-134. Retrieved 26 October 09 from

HOPKINS, L., LABONTE, R., RUNNELS, V. AND PACKER, C. 2009 Medical tourism today: A narrative review of existing knowledge. Paper presented at the  Symposium on the Implications of Medical Tourism for Canadian Health Policy, 13 November, Ottawa. Retrieved 13 Dec 2010 from:

Horowitz, M. D., and Rosensweig, J. A. (2007). Medical tourism - health care in the global economy. Physician Executive, 33(6):24.

Horowitz, M., Rosensweig, J. and Jones, C.  (2007). Medical Tourism: globalization of the healthcare marketplace.  MedGenMed, 13 November 2007.  Second International Economic Conference. University of Kaposvar. Hungary. April 2009.  Pp 693-99. Retrieved 30 Jan 09 from

Horvath, A. and Z. Arpasi.  (2009). The Characteristics of the Development of the South Great Plain Region with Regard to the Health Tourism Sector.  Retrieved 27 Jan 2010 from

Hyo-mi, K. (2008) Medical Tourism in Cuba.  Student paper at University of Arizona. Retrieved 18 July 2009 from

Ikkos, A. (2002). Health Tourism: a new challenge in tourism. Retrieved 7 Jan 09 from

Indiana University.  (2009). Certificate Program in Health Tourism. Retrieved 30 July 07 from

Infochange. (2008).   Planning Commission upbeat about Medical Tourism, Grim on Citizen Healthcare.  Retrieved 10 Aug 09 from

Iverson, Ronald E.(2010). Surgery Facilities Resources, Inc./AAAASFI Expands International Accreditation into New Markets. Aesthetic Plastic Surgery, 34(6), pp 758-759. doi: 10.1007/s00266-010-9547-1. Retrieved from:

Johnson, L. (2008).  Americans look abroad to save on health care.  Retrieved on 18 July 2009 from

Johnson, O. (2002).  Bogotá launches health tourism project. BMJ 6 July 2002.  325:10. Retrieved 30 Jan 09 from

Joint Commission International (2008). JCI. Retrieved 15 Feb 2008 from

Judkins, G. (2007). Persistence of the US - Mexico Border: Expansion of medical-tourism amid Trade Liberalization. Journal of Latin American Geography 6(2):11-32.

Karuvelil Varkey, J. (2010). Justice issues in basic health care and the challenge of genetic medicines: A catholic perspective for the indian context. School of Theology & Ministry). ProQuest Dissertations and Theses.

Kaba, M. (2007).  Social and Health Care Access for the Physically Disabled in 19th Century French-Speaking Switzerland: A Double process of Exclusion and Integration.  Hygiea Internationalis 2007 6(1):67-77.  Retrieved 23 Mar 09 from

Kalshetti, P. and Pillai, D.  (2008). Tourism Products Development and management Medical Tourism-A shifting Paradigm. Presented at the Conference on Tourism in India-Challenges Ahead Retrieved 20 Jan 09 from

Kangas, B.  (2007).  Hope from Abroad in the International Medical Travel of Yemeni Patients.  Anthropology & Medicine 14(3):293-305.

Karp, L. (2008). Medical Travel:  global Impact and Local Response. Health Policy newsletter 21(4). Retrieved 22 Mar 09 from

Katz, S., Cardiff, K., Pascali, M., Barer, M., & Evans, R (2002) Phantoms In the Snow: Canadians’ use of health care services in the United States. Health Affairs. 21, 19-31 Retrieved 23 Nov 09 from

Kaur, J., Sundar, G. H., Vaidya, D. and Bhargava, S. (2007).  Health Tourism in India growth and Opportunities.  Presented at the International Conference on Marketing and Society.  Retrieved 20 Jan 09 from

Kazemi, Z. (2008).  Study of the effective factors for attracting medical tourism in Iran.  Master Thesis Lulea University of Technology. Retrieved 22 Mar 09 from

Kher, U. (2006). Outsourcing Your Heart. 21 May 2006. Retrieved 6 September 2006 from,9171,1196429,00.html

Knopper, M. (2008). Medical Tourism Promotes R&R (Rest and Recuperation) Clinician Reviews. 18(5) pp8-9.

Konyves, E., A. Muller, R. Szabo.  (2005) Possibilities of health tourism in North Plain Region (Hungary).  Retrieved 15 May 09 from

Lagace, M. (2007). The Rise of Medical Tourism.  Harvard Business School: Working Knowledge. Retrieved from

Lee, C. (2008). Medical tourism, an emerging international business.  Monash Business Review, Issue eight. Retrieved 20 March 09 from

Lee, C. and M. Spisto. (2007). Medical Tourism, the future of health services.  Going for Gold – Best Practices in Ed. & Public. Department of Business Management, National Sun Yat-sen University.  Retrieved 23 Mar 09 from

Lewis, M. (2008).  Medical Tourism//the numbers.  Medical Economics, October 3, 2008, p8.

Leong, P. (2008). Offshore outsourcing in the Dental Industry.  Student paper at University of Arizona.  Retrieved 18 July 2009 from

Lagiewski, R. (2008). Medical Tourism: perspectives and applications for destination development. RIT Digital Media Library.  Retrieved 20 Mar 09 from

Laesser, C. (2011) "Health travel motivation and activities: insights from a mature market – Switzerland", Tourism Review, Vol. 66 Iss: 1/2, pp.83 - 89

Lluberas, G. (2001). Medical Tourism.  Wilderness and Environmental Medicine, 12(1):66.  Retrieved 25 Oct 09 from

Lam, Ching-Chi, du Cros, H., Vong, T. (2011) "Macao's potential for developing regional Chinese medical tourism", Tourism Review, Vol. 66 Iss: 1/2, pp.68 - 82

Lunt, N., Carrera, P. (2011) "Systematic review of web sites for prospective medical tourists", Tourism Review, Vol. 66 Iss: 1/2, pp.57 - 67

McCallum, B. T., and Jacoby, P. F. (2007). Medical outsourcing: Reducing clients' health care risks. Journal of Financial Planning, 20(10):60.

McGinley, L (2008). Health Matters: the next wave of medical tourists might include you. Retrieved 18 July 2009 from

McQueen, M. P. (2008). Paying workers to go abroad for health care. Wall Street Journal, pp. B.9. 30 September 2008.

Mainil, T., Vincent Platenkamp, V., Meulemans, H. (2011) "The discourse of medical tourism in the media", Tourism Review, Vol. 66 Iss: 1/2, pp.31 - 44

Martin, D., Ramamonjiarivelo, Z., Martin, W. (2011) "MEDTOUR: a scale for measuring medical tourism intentions", Tourism Review, Vol. 66 Iss: 1/2, pp.45 - 56

Mattoo, A & Rathindran, R. (2005) 'Does health insurance impede trade in health care services?', World Bank, Policy Research Working Paper WPS3667. Retrieved 1 Feb 10 from

Marcelo, R. (2003). India Fosters Growing Medical Tourism Sector. The Financial Times. 2 July 2003. Retrieved from

Marlowe, J, P. Sullivan. (2007). Medical tourism; the ultimate outsourcing.  Human Resource Planning. Retrieved 15 Feb 10 from 0455ef6bb6300d3185256a40005a1065/e3a8903cf47ff9558625744100552704/$FILE/mar07_forum_lead_article.pdf

Mecir, A. and Greider, K. (2007).  Traveling for Treatment.  Retrieved 15 March 2008 from

Melendez, J. (2008). Medical tourism: A study of the use of the mexican health care system by winter texans. The University of Texas - Pan American). ProQuest Dissertations and Theses.

Meleigy, M. (2007). Medical visas mark growth of Indian medical tourism. Bulletin of the World Health Organization, March 2007:164166. Retrieved from

Milstein, A. and M. Smith.  (2007).  Will the Surgical World Become Flat? Health Affairs V26, no 1. P137-141

Mirrer-Singer, P.  (2007). Medical malpractice overseas:  the legal uncertainty surrounding medical tourism.  Law and Contemporary Problems. 70:2, p211-33.

Mitchell, S. (2007) Standards and Accreditation for Alternative and Complementary Medicine.  Paper presented at the 9th Annual Conference on Sustainable Tourism Development- May 2007 – Cayman Islands.

Mitman, G. (2003).  Hay Fever Holiday: Health, Leisure, and Place in Gilded-Age America.  Bulletin of Historic Medicine.  77:600-635.

Mueller, H and Kaufmann, E.. (2001). Wellness Tourism: Market analysis of a special health tourism segment and implications for the hotel industry.  Journal of Vacation Marketing. 7.  Retrieved 7 Jan 09 from

Murugan, A. (2008). Medical Tourism: Opportunities and Challenges in Tamil Nadu. Presented at the Conference on Tourism in India- Challenges Ahead. Retrieved 20 Jan 09 from

Mutchnick, I., Stern, D. and Moyer, C. (2005).  Trading Health Services Across Borders: GATS, Markets, and Caveats, 24 HEALTH AFF. W5-42, W5-44 (2005) Retrieved 28 December from

Nagarajan, G. (2004).  Dissertation on Medical tourism in India.  Indian Institute of Management –Bangalore.  Retrieved 27 Jan 2010 from

Neal C. (2007). Outsourcing Surgery, National Public Radio, Talk of the Nation, March 8, 2007. Retrieved from 

Neelakantan, S. (2003).  India’s Global Ambition.  Far Eastern Economic Review. 3 Nov 2003, 166, 44, pp52-54.

Ninian, A. (2008). Medical Tourism. Contemporary Review 290 pp486-492.

Nolan, J. and M. Schneider. (2006). Miracles in the Mountains: Medical Tourism in Rural Arkansas’ Ozark and Ouachita Mountains.  In Reimagining and Sustaining Communities in a Globalizing World, edited by Betty J. Duggan and Steven Folmar. Athens: University of Georgia Press.  Retrieved 20 Jan 09 from

Novotny, Thomas E; Mordini, Emilio; Chadwick, Ruth; Pedersen, J. Martin; Fabbri, Fabrizio; Lie, Reidar;  et al.(2006). Bioethical Implications of Globalization: An International Consortium Project of the European Commission.PLoS Medicine, Volume 3(Issue 2). UC San Francisco: Center for Tobacco Control Research and Education. Retrieved from:

Nursing & Allied Health Source. (2007). Dental "Tourism" To Reach 2.5 Million Mark In 2007 RDH,26.  Retrieved January 13, 2009, from ProQuest Nursing & Allied Health Source database. (Document ID: 1338229911).

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